11
Recognizing Anaphylaxis in School
Kristin Casey, R.N.
Elizabeth Gartman, R.N.
August, 2012
22
Common Causes ofCommon Causes of
Allergic EmergenciesAllergic Emergencies
FoodFood
MedicationMedication
LatexLatex
Bee ...
33
What Happens in an AllergicWhat Happens in an Allergic
Response?Response?
44
What is Anaphylaxis ?What is Anaphylaxis ?
• Anaphylaxis is the widespread and
systemic reaction of chemical mediators
...
55
Signs of Anaphylaxis
• Itching, swelling of
tongue, face, lips
• Tightening of throat,
shortness of breath,
wheezing, d...
66
Signs of Anaphylaxis continued
• Nausea,vomiting
• Stomach
cramps, diarrhea
• Hives, rash
77
Signs of Anaphylaxis continued
• Thready pulse,
low blood
pressure, feeling
faint,
• pale skin color
• Sense of
impendi...
88
Treatment of AnaphylaxisTreatment of Anaphylaxis
• Anaphylaxis must be treated with an
Epipen. This is injected into th...
99
Administration of EpinephrineAdministration of Epinephrine
• Right patient
• Right medication
• Right dose
• Right rout...
1010
Epinephrine DosagesEpinephrine Dosages
• Epinephrine is available in 2 strengths:
• Epipen Jr 0.15 mg (use in childre...
1111
How Epinephrine WorksHow Epinephrine Works
• Epinephrine quickly relaxes smooth
muscles in the lungs to improve breat...
1212
Effects of EpipenEffects of Epipen
• The effects of the injection wear off in ten
to twenty minutes. Therefore immedi...
1313
How is Epinephrine Stored?How is Epinephrine Stored?
• Epinephrine is available in what is
called an autoinjector. It...
1414
How to Administer an EpipenHow to Administer an Epipen
Remove autoinjector from box or cylindrical container
after ma...
1515
Common Side Effects of
Epinephrine
• Increase in heart rate
• nausea
• shakiness
• headache
• nervousness or anxiety
...
1616
Important InformationImportant Information
• After injecting the Epipen and removing
from the student, the needle is ...
1717
RememberRemember
• If in doubt about the need to administer
Epinephrine then go ahead and give it.
”If it’s more than...
1818
Protocol for Handling LifeProtocol for Handling Life
Threatening EmergencyThreatening Emergency
• Observe student
• R...
1919
Field TripsField Trips
• All trips out of the school building, even
those to schools within our district, must
be rep...
2020
Additional Epipen InformationAdditional Epipen Information
• For more information on Epipens and life
threatening eme...
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Epi-train 2013

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Epi-train 2013

  1. 1. 11 Recognizing Anaphylaxis in School Kristin Casey, R.N. Elizabeth Gartman, R.N. August, 2012
  2. 2. 22 Common Causes ofCommon Causes of Allergic EmergenciesAllergic Emergencies FoodFood MedicationMedication LatexLatex Bee stingsBee stings
  3. 3. 33 What Happens in an AllergicWhat Happens in an Allergic Response?Response?
  4. 4. 44 What is Anaphylaxis ?What is Anaphylaxis ? • Anaphylaxis is the widespread and systemic reaction of chemical mediators affecting the skin, respiratory, GI, and cardiovascular systems. • This is a life-threatening emergency!!
  5. 5. 55 Signs of Anaphylaxis • Itching, swelling of tongue, face, lips • Tightening of throat, shortness of breath, wheezing, difficulty breathing, coughing
  6. 6. 66 Signs of Anaphylaxis continued • Nausea,vomiting • Stomach cramps, diarrhea • Hives, rash
  7. 7. 77 Signs of Anaphylaxis continued • Thready pulse, low blood pressure, feeling faint, • pale skin color • Sense of impending doom
  8. 8. 88 Treatment of AnaphylaxisTreatment of Anaphylaxis • Anaphylaxis must be treated with an Epipen. This is injected into the thigh and works to constrict blood vessels and dilate or relax smooth muscles in the lungs to improve breathing, stimulates the heartbeat, and works to reduce the hives and swelling around the face and lips.
  9. 9. 99 Administration of EpinephrineAdministration of Epinephrine • Right patient • Right medication • Right dose • Right route • Right time
  10. 10. 1010 Epinephrine DosagesEpinephrine Dosages • Epinephrine is available in 2 strengths: • Epipen Jr 0.15 mg (use in children up to 60 pounds). • Epipen 0.30 mg over 60 pounds.
  11. 11. 1111 How Epinephrine WorksHow Epinephrine Works • Epinephrine quickly relaxes smooth muscles in the lungs to improve breathing, constricts blood vessels, stimulates the heartbeat, and works to reverse hives and swelling around the face and lips.
  12. 12. 1212 Effects of EpipenEffects of Epipen • The effects of the injection wear off in ten to twenty minutes. Therefore immediate activation of the 911 system is essential.
  13. 13. 1313 How is Epinephrine Stored?How is Epinephrine Stored? • Epinephrine is available in what is called an autoinjector. It is stored at room temperature and should not be subjected to any extremes in temperature. The solution is clear and colorless and should be replaced if it is not.
  14. 14. 1414 How to Administer an EpipenHow to Administer an Epipen Remove autoinjector from box or cylindrical container after making sure the name on the label is for the correct student. Pull off blue activation cap. Hold orange tip near outer thigh. Swing and jab firmly into outer thigh until autoinjector mechanism functions. Hold in place and count to 10. Remove the Epipen and massage the injection area for 10 seconds.
  15. 15. 1515 Common Side Effects of Epinephrine • Increase in heart rate • nausea • shakiness • headache • nervousness or anxiety • paleness
  16. 16. 1616 Important InformationImportant Information • After injecting the Epipen and removing from the student, the needle is retracted back into the autoinjector lessening the risk of accidental needle stick. • If an accidental needle stick occurs, medical care should be sought. • Send Epipen container to the hospital with the student.
  17. 17. 1717 RememberRemember • If in doubt about the need to administer Epinephrine then go ahead and give it. ”If it’s more than skin, put it in.” • Most deaths from allergic reactions occur because epinephrine was not administered!!!
  18. 18. 1818 Protocol for Handling LifeProtocol for Handling Life Threatening EmergencyThreatening Emergency • Observe student • Recognize symptoms of anaphylaxis • Administer Epipen • Call 911 and tell dispatcher that patient has been given Epipen • Call parents • Notify physician
  19. 19. 1919 Field TripsField Trips • All trips out of the school building, even those to schools within our district, must be reported to school nurse 2 weeks prior to the trip. If there is a student with an Epipen, the nurse will then send home a “permission to delegate form” to the student’s parent to sign. The nurse must be able to delegate to one person whose name will be on that form. The nurse can delegate to staff members only!!!
  20. 20. 2020 Additional Epipen InformationAdditional Epipen Information • For more information on Epipens and life threatening emergencies visit the following website: • www.epipen.com
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