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United Nations Presentations Summary

Global Issues
Fall Semester
2013
Mr. Brennan
History of the United Nations

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Why was it formed?

To promote world peace and prevent the
tragedies of Wo...
Purpose of the UN
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What are the current main goals of the UN?

Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
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General Assembly
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What is the General Assembly?

The UN General Assembly is the only universally rep...
Security Council

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What functions does the Security Council have?

Ultimate purpose is to maintain peace. It ...
Security Council

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Who are the permanent members? How many rotating
members are there?

China, France, Russia,...
Security Council
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When and Why was the Security Council formed?

It first met on Jan. 17, 1946. It was forme...
ICJ

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What is the ICJ? Where is it located?

The International Court of Justice is located in The
Hague, Netherl...
IAEA

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What is the IAEA and when was it created?

International Atomic Energy Agency was created on
July 29,...
UDHR

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What is the UDHR? Why was it created? When?

Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It was created as...
UNICEF

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What is UNICEF?

United Nations Children's Fund

What does it do?

UNICEF tries to ensure children's ...
UNIFEM

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What is UNIFEM?

United Nations Development Fund for Women

What does it do?

Provides money an...
WFP

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What is the WFP?

World Food Program

What assistance does the WFP provide?

Provides Nutritious F...
UNHCR

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What is it?

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee

What is its function?

Safeguard the rights...
Current Events

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You are responsible for being aware of current situations
that the UN is involved in (events will ...
Sources Used

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United Nations, Accessed November 10, 2013. www.un.org.
The UN Refugee Agency, Accessed Nov...
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  1. 1. United Nations Presentations Summary Global Issues Fall Semester 2013 Mr. Brennan
  2. 2. History of the United Nations ➲  ➲  ➲  Why was it formed? To promote world peace and prevent the tragedies of World Wars I and II from happening again. When was it formed? October 24, 1945 How many countries signed on at its founding? 51 countries representing all populated continents.
  3. 3. Purpose of the UN ➲         ➲ What are the current main goals of the UN? Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty Achieve universal primary education Promote gender equality Reduce child mortality Improve maternal health Combat disease like malaria Protect the environment Global partnerships to promote development All of the above is aimed at Promoting peace and equality.
  4. 4. General Assembly ➲  ➲     ➲  What is the General Assembly? The UN General Assembly is the only universally representative body of the five principal organs of the United Nations. What does it do? discuss, debate, and make recommendations on a range of subjects pertaining to international peace and security--including disarmament, human rights, international law, and peaceful arbitration between disputing nations. It elects the non-permanent members of the Security Council and other bodies. Approves the UN budget--its most concrete role. The Assembly also works with the Security Council to elect the judges of the International Court of Justice. How many current members are there? 193 (All with one vote – all are equal)
  5. 5. Security Council ➲      What functions does the Security Council have? Ultimate purpose is to maintain peace. It does through a number of functions such as Use of military intervention Ask members to apply sanctions Regulate armaments Investigate any dispute which would cause international tensions
  6. 6. Security Council ➲   ➲  Who are the permanent members? How many rotating members are there? China, France, Russia, U.K., U.S.A. There are ten rotating members who serve two year terms. Describe veto power – Who has it? What is it? Veto power is the ability to reject a decision the entire S.C. Votes on. Only PERMANENT members have it, and if even just one vetoes the motion will not pass. Ex: 14 of 15 countries vote yes, but France votes no, the motion fails.
  7. 7. Security Council ➲  ➲    When and Why was the Security Council formed? It first met on Jan. 17, 1946. It was formed to address the major weakness of the League of Nations which was that it had no military means to enforce measures. Why do many countries want the Security Council to be changed? Veto power gives to much power to the permanent members. World power structure is changing, countries like Japan and Germany are among the biggest funders of the UN. Belief that permanent members make decisions to protect their own interests.
  8. 8. ICJ ➲  ➲  What is the ICJ? Where is it located? The International Court of Justice is located in The Hague, Netherlands What is the role of the ICJ? Settle disputes between members of the United Nations that they have been unable to solve in another fashion. ➲ If countries disagree with the ruling of the ICJ, what options do they have?  There is no other option. Both parties agree to accept the ruling of the ICJ before going to court.
  9. 9. IAEA ➲  ➲    What is the IAEA and when was it created? International Atomic Energy Agency was created on July 29, 1957. Describe the three missions of the IAEA Peaceful uses: Promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear energy by its member states, Safeguards: Implementing safeguards to verify that nuclear energy is not used for military purposes, and Nuclear safety: Promoting high standards for nuclear safety
  10. 10. UDHR ➲  ➲  ➲  What is the UDHR? Why was it created? When? Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It was created as a response to the atrocities committed during World War II. Describe the rights guaranteed by the UDHR? Rights cover numerous topics such as equality, education, slavery, working conditions, religion, nationality, and torture and imprisonment . Does it have the force of law? Though not a treaty, it has been ratified by enough countries that it has become a source of international law for member countries.
  11. 11. UNICEF ➲  ➲   What is UNICEF? United Nations Children's Fund What does it do? UNICEF tries to ensure children's rights are maintained. Provides essential support such as educational supplies, food, and health care to children in areas of great need.
  12. 12. UNIFEM ➲  ➲      What is UNIFEM? United Nations Development Fund for Women What does it do? Provides money and technical support to four goals: Reducing women's poverty and exclusion Ending violence against women Reversing the spread of HIV/AIDS among women and girls Supporting women's leadership in governance and post-conflict reconstruction
  13. 13. WFP ➲  ➲      What is the WFP? World Food Program What assistance does the WFP provide? Provides Nutritious Food and helps people become more self-sufficient as per its four goals: Save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies Support food security and nutrition and (re)build livelihoods in fragile settings and following emergencies Reduce risk and enable people, communities and countries to meet their own food and nutrition needs Reduce under-nutrition
  14. 14. UNHCR ➲  ➲   What is it? United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee What is its function? Safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees around the world As of 2007 over 20 million people fell under its mandate.
  15. 15. Current Events ➲   You are responsible for being aware of current situations that the UN is involved in (events will vary based on group presentations). Know an event the Security Council is involved in and how it has acted Know an event that the IAEA is involved in and how it has acted.
  16. 16. Sources Used ➲ ➲ ➲ ➲ ➲ ➲ ➲ ➲ United Nations, Accessed November 10, 2013. www.un.org. The UN Refugee Agency, Accessed November 10, 2013. www.unhcr.org. International Atomic Energy Agency, Accessed November 10, 2013. www.iaea.org. United Nations Security Council, Accessed November 10, 2013. http://www.un.org/en/sc/ UNICEF, Accessed November 10, 2013. http://www.unicef.org/. UN Women, Accessed November 10, 2013. http://www.unwomen.org/. International Court of Justice, Accessed November 10, 2013. http://www.icj-cij.org/homepage/ United Nations World Food Program, Accessed November 10, 2013. http://www.wfp.org/.
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