Cognitivist learning theory Hunt & Montgomery

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  • 1. Cognitivism
  • 2. Cognitivism Defined The mind is a “black box” to be opened and understood. Mentally processing information allows it to be transferred to the memory, and thereby „learned‟.
  • 3. History of Cognitivism Behaviourism Gestalt Theory Cognitivism Jean Piaget -people as active processors - learning in distinct stages Vygostsky - Zone of Proximal Development - language & thought develop independently
  • 4. Memory
  • 5. Design of eLearning An approach for cognitive learning: Analyse course->break into smaller units Sequence units hierarchically -> learning requires mastery of previous units “Chunking” units -> same process at unit level
  • 6. Application to eLearning • • • — Maximize on types of sensory input for more info — Use graphic formats to organize information — Encourage reflection so students think about their • learning process — Allow students to revisit information to improve memory
  • 7. Examples Hierarchical Units “Chunking”
  • 8. Bibliography • • • • • • • • http://www.learning-theories.com/cognitivism.html access October 6, 2013 http://www.edudemic.com/a-simple-guide-to-4-complex-learning-theories/ accessed October 6, 2013 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning_theory_(education) accessed October 6, 2013 "Learning theories of Instructional Design", B. Mergel, May 1998 http://www.usask.ca/education/coursework/802papers/mergel/brenda.htm accessed October 9, 2013 BlueSofaMedia. “Use a Learning Theory: Cognitivism.” Online video clip. YouTube. YouTube, 5 July 2013. Web. 13 Oct. 2013. The Theory and Practice of Online Learning. Ed Terry Anderson. 2nd Ed. Edmonton: Athabasca University Press, 2008. Training Room. Commonwealth of Australia. Web. 13 Oct 2013. <http://toolboxes.flexiblelearning.net.au/demosites/series12/12_09/toolbox12_09/resources/training/book/qg/learnthe ory/learntheory.htm> Carlile, Orison; Jordan, Anne. "It works in practice but will it work in theory? The theoretical underpinnings of pedagogy." AISHE Readings. 13 Oct 2013. <http://www.aishe.org/readings/2005-1/carlile-jordanIT_WORKS_IN_PRACTICE_BUT_WILL_IT_WORK_IN_THEORY.html>