When using pronouns, you must also make sure that they agree with their antecedents in number (singular or plural) and gender. The gender of a noun may be masculine (male), feminine (female), or neuter (referring to things). Notice how the pronouns on the next slide agree with their antecedents.
If you are not sure of which form of the pronoun to use, say the sentence aloud with only the pronoun as the subject or the object. Your ear will tell you which form is correct.
Whenever the pronoun I is part of a compound subject, it should always be placed after the other parts of the subject. Similarly, when the pronoun me is part of a compound object, it should go after the other parts of the object.
Possessive pronouns are not written with apostrophes. The pronoun its , for example, shows possession. The word it’s , on the other hand, is a contraction of it is . Read the following sentences. Notice the meaning of the words in red type.
Its central character is Odysseus. (possessive pronoun)
It’s about the adventures of Odysseus. (contraction of It is)
An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that does not refer to a particular person, place, or thing.
Does anyone know the story of Midas?
Most indefinite pronouns are either singular or plural.
Some Indefinite Pronouns All, any, most, none and some can be singular or plural, depending on the phrase that follows them. Continue both few many others several another everybody no one anybody everyone nothing anyone everything one anything much somebody each neither someone either nobody something Plural Singular
Some Indefinite Pronouns When an indefinite pronoun is used as the subject, the verb must agree with it in number. Everyone discusses the plot. (singular) Both talk about King Minos. (plural) All of mythology is about beliefs and ideals. (singular) All of the myths are about beliefs and ideals. (plural) Continue
Some Indefinite Pronouns Possessive pronouns often have indefinite pronouns as their antecedents. In such cases, the pronouns must agree in number. Note that in the first example the intervening prepositional phrase does not affect the agreement. Each of the characters has his or her motive. Several have conflict with their rivals. Continue
Activity 5 Do exercise 8 and 9 in your English text, page 403. You do not have to write the sentences. Continue
Reflexive Pronouns A reflexive pronoun refers to a noun or another pronoun and indicates that the same person or thing is involved. Reflexive pronouns are formed by adding –self or –selves to certain personal and possessive pronouns The woman found herself a book of folktales. Reflexive Pronoun Continue
Reflexive Pronouns Sometimes hisself is mistakenly used for himself and theirselves for themselves. Avoid using hisself and theirselves. Continue ourselves yourselves themselves myself yourself himself, herself, itself Plural Singular
Intensive Pronouns An intensive pronoun is a pronoun that adds emphasis to a noun or pronoun already named. George himself bought a copy of American Tall Tales. He himself paid for the book. Continue
Activity 6 Do exercises 10 and 11, page 405 of your English Text. You do not have to write the sentences. Continue