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  • 1.
    • A complement is a word or group of words that completes the meaning begun by the subject or verb.
    • Five kinds: direct objects (DO), object complements (OC), indirect objects (IO), predicate nominatives (PN, and predicate adjectives (PA).
    • Three are affected by the action of the verb.
    • Predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives are both called subject complements.
  • 2.
    • The direct object receives the action expressed by the verb or names the result of the action.
    • Examples:
    • 1. She drank the soda .
    • 2. I signed the check .
  • 3.
    • The object complement completes a reference and/or an implication suggested by the direct object of the clause. Object complements are most usually noun phrases or adjective phrases.
    • Examples
    • 1. They elected her leader .
    • 2. We find this music pleasant .
  • 4.
    • Indirect objects precede the direct object and tell to whom or what or for whom or what the action of the verb is done.
    • Examples:
      • My mom gave me a present.
      • Bob sent us the memo on Thursday.
  • 5.
    • I bought that skirt for her.
    • I gave those shoes to him.
    • What is the subject, the verb, the direct object and the indirect object?
  • 6.
    • I bought that skirt for her.
    subject verb direct object indirect object
  • 7.
    • I gave those shoes to him.
    subject verb direct object indirect object
  • 8.
    • A subject complement is a word which follows a linking verb and refers to (renames or describes) the subject.
    • Two kinds: predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives
  • 9.
    • Indirect object pronouns tell to whom the action is being done .
  • 10.
    • They mean the same thing in English as do the direct object pronouns, only they add the words “to or for”. For example, “to you, for me, ect.”