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Obsessive compulsive disorder

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Obsessive compulsive disorder Obsessive compulsive disorder Presentation Transcript

  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder By Araya Shepherd and Nancy Li
  • What is OCD?
    • Short for “obsessive compulsive disorder”
      • Often mistaken for OCPD
    • Anxiety disorder
      • Repetitious thoughts, actions, or both
      • Includes obsessions and compulsions
    • Tends to occur in teens and young adults
      • 2-3% of the population have OCD
  • Symptoms
    • Anxiety
      • Overwhelming sense of impending doom,
      • feeling than an action has not been completed
      • Ex: thinking the door is unlocked
    • Obsessive thoughts
      • Ex: constant fear of germs,
      • thinking that harm will come to a loved one
    • Compulsive Behaviors
      • Goes hand-in-hand with obsessive thoughts
      • Ex: constantly washing hands, checking locks countless times
  • OCD in Film
    • Girl, Interrupted (1999)
      • Daisy Randone
        • Only ate chicken
        • Systematically left
        • carcasses under bed
        • Only ate in room
    • The Lobotomist
      • Used as a way of treating OCD
  • Treatments
    • Medication
      • Psychiatrist prescribes
      • Not a permanent solution
    • Types of medication
      • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
        • Inhibits reuptake of serotonin
        • Varies in potency
        • Preferred treatment
      • Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
        • Inhibits reuptake of serotonin and norepinephrine
        • Very effective, but has more side effects than SSRIs
  • Treatments, cont’d
    • Therapy
      • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
        • Non-pharmacological treatment
        • Based on idea that obsessions give rise to anxiety
          • Compulsive behaviors are strengthened b/c they reduce anxiety
        • Exposure and response prevention
          • Patient confronts object, thought, situation
          • Compulsive behaviors gradually decrease
  • Treatments, cont’d
    • Psychosurgery
      • Last resort (meds and therapy don’t work)
      • Controversial – destroys brain cells
        • The Lobotomist (film) – lobotomies perceived as:
          • Unethical
          • Ineffective
      • Types
        • Radio Frequency Waves (most common in the U.S.)
          • Destroys small amount of brain tissue
          • Disrupts circuit in brain associated with OCD
          • 25-70% effective
  • Stress Management
    • One of the biggest triggers of OCD is stress
      • Goal: manage the stress
        • Proper sleep
        • Social support
        • Stick with treatments
        • (medication, therapy, etc.)
  • Local Resources
    • The International OCD Foundation
      • Provides support and treatment for those who are mentally ill
    • Obsessive Compulsive Foundation of W. PA
      • A nonprofit organization that provides support those who have OCD or are affected by it. Helps find treatment and educates public.
    • Phila. Affiliate of the National OCD Foundation
      • Nonprofit organization that increases awareness of the disorder. Offers support groups.
  • Sources
    • http://www.camh.net/About_Addiction_Mental_Health/Mental_Health_Information/OCD/ocd_recovery.html#relapse
    • Psych textbook
    • http://catatonickid.wordpress.com/2008/06/29/satire-sunday-ocd-checklist/
    • http://www. synthstuff .com/ mt /archives/ medtees - ocd . jpg
    • http://ocdphiladelphia.org/
    • http://www.ocfwpa.org/
    • http://www.fotolog.com/degito/54328034
    • The Lobotomist
    • Girl, Interrupted
    • http://www. hopkinsmedicine .org/ ocd /treatment.asp
    • http://www. netdoctor .co. uk /diseases/depression/ tricyclicantidepressants _000069. htm
    • http://www. brainphysics .com/surgery. php
    • http://www.ocfoundation.org