XNB151 Assessment 1 Group 19

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  • 1. + Food Culture in Germany Renee King, Bridget Reddan, Andrew Yeldham n8551774 n8305081 n8547718 XNB151 Food and Nutrition Unit Coordinator: Rebecca Ramsey Assessment 1 Friday 30th August Group 19
  • 2. + German Demographics  German population: 80.2 million (Destatis, 2013)  Over 100,000 Germans living in Australia (ABS, 2012)  Germany in Top 10 nationalities of overseas born population (ABS, 2012)  Germans highest nationality living in USA (United States Census Bureau, 2012) (People Movin, n.d.)
  • 3. + Dominant factors influencing eating habits?  Affordability/Price (value for money)  Growing health concerns (wellness and illness prevention)  The need for convenience (young people consuming western fast food )  Innovations in the industry (functional foods/personalized foods)  Increasing environmental consciousness  Cultural & social eating habits (families eating together)  Geographical & seasonal influences on produce  Globalisation and importing of different foods (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 2010)
  • 4. + Dominant factors influencing eating habits?  A study by Richer et al. found that in adolescent boys a healthy diet (more intake of fruit, veg etc.) was related to higher socioeconomic status.  Also found that traditional German diets are still consumed by adolescent boys and girls, but are not as prevalent as ‘western’ diets. (Richter et al., 2012)  Perceived lack of control over food choice.  Accessibility and Cost of nutritious foods – particularly in rural areas.
  • 5. + Terms and Items, Celebrations, Food preparation  Traditionally Germans ate 5 meals a day, however now, three meals a day is much more common.  It is traditional for shops and businesses to close at lunch time as this is the main meal of the day. Lunch is usually eaten with family.  Oktoberfest – Today this agricultural fair is the worlds largest festival, showcasing and celebrating the foods and beer that Germany has to offer.  Religious Holidays – As a predominantly Christian country, Easter and Christmas are the main religious holidays celebrated in Germany. On both occasions, traditional German meals are prepared, likely to include; carp, kale, bangers & roast goose at Christmas, and on Easter more common German foods including cheeses, breads, wurst and of course eggs!
  • 6. + What foods do Germans eat?
  • 7. + What foods do Germans eat?
  • 8. + Available Food CHEESE • Blue (approx. $3 to $5) -Viking Blue Danish -Mainland Blue -Castello Blue • Brie (approx. $3 to $5) -Unicorn Brie Double -Unicorn Brie Chives -Unicorn Brie Triple Cream -Unicorn Brie Camembert - Tasmanian Heritage Double Brie -Tasmanian Heritage Brie Blue -Castello Brie White • Camembert (approx. $5) -Tasmanian Heritage Camembert • Quark (approx. $7) -Paris Creek Quark Organic Swiss Style
  • 9. + Available Food MILK (approx. $2 to $5) -A2 Light Milk -Pauls Goat Milk -Dairy Farmers Permeate Free Skim Milk -Woolworths Select Full Cream Milk OILS (approx. $3 to $15) -Homebrand Pure Olive Oil -Crisco Canola Oil -Homebrand Vegetable Blended Oil HERBS AND SPICES (approx. $2 to $10) -Masterfoods (range of over 90 herbs and spices) -Hoyts (range of over 50 herbs and spices)
  • 10. + Available Food BEER • Bitburger (approx. $34 per 24 case) • Beck’s (approx. $38 per 24 case) • Paulaner Weissbier (approx. $52 per 12 case) • Franziskaner Weissbier (approx. $90 per 20 case) • Oettinger (approx. $30 per 24 case) SCHNAPPS (approx. $15 to $60) • Everglades • Bacchus • Lindenhoff • De Kuyper • Münchner Kindl WINE (approx. $19 to $50) • Dr Loosen • Egon Muller-Scharzhof Scharzhofberger • Henkell Troken • Schloss Vollrads • JJ Prüm Dan Murphy’s, 2013
  • 11. + Available Food Fruit, Vegetables – Nuts & Seeds  Walnüsse walnuts  Haselnüsse hazelnuts  Mandeln almonds  Peanuts, Cashews, Macadamias, Pecans, Pistachios available in most parts of Germany  Sesame, Sunflower, Linseed/Flaxeed, pumpkin seeds  Poppy seeds
  • 12. + Available Food Fruit, Vegetables – Nuts & Seeds  Cauliflower, beans, broccoli, peas, cucumber, garlic, cabbage, Leek, Corn, mushrooms, sweet pepper, carrot, asparagus, spinach, tomato, onion  Potato - of historical importance in Germany  Potato as a staple grain spread quickly due to high yield, simple preparation, low fat/high water content and it could grow in less fertile soil which other grains couldn’t grow in.  The potato is responsible for a considerable increase in population at the beginning of the 19th century in Germany.  Potato varieties found in Australia: Bintje, coliban, desiree, golden delight, king edward, kipfler, nadine, pink eye/ southern gold, red rascal, royal blue, sebago. http://theabbotsfordkitchen.wordpress.com
  • 13. + Available Food BREAD Rye (approx. $5 to $6) -Abbotts Village Light Rye Bread -Bills Organic Medium Rye Bread -Country Life Organic Rye 94% Wheat Free -Helgas Light Rye Bread -Tip Top Burgen Rye Bread Sourdough (approx. $5 to $6) -Bills Organic Sourdough Hi Fibre -Bills Organic Sourdough Hi Fibre with Flaxseed -Sauers Aroma Sourdough Rye Grain ($4 to $7) -around 26 items -includes grains such as pumpkin, soy, linseed, sunflower, chia, oats Woolworths Online Shopping, 2013
  • 14. + Available Food Woolworths Online Shopping, 2013 MEAT Wurst sausage ($13 to $25 per kg) -Gotizinger Bratwurst German -Hans Knackwurst -Hans Liverwurst Traditional -Hans Liverwurst Old Style -Don Liverwurst Latvian -Don Rookwurst Dutch Smoked ham ($9 to $18 per kg) -Bertocchi Authentic Leg Ham Triple Smoked -Woolworths Half Leg Ham Smoked COFFEE ($19 per kg) Melitta Ground German Premium Mild Roast
  • 15. + Influencing factors  Availability/ Accessibility  Price  Standard & quality compared to German products  More convenient alternatives for busy lifestyles  Trend to western or Australian diets  Seasonal foods available
  • 16. + Considerations..  From a study of young adults from both Australia and Germany, Australia is considered the ‘fattest’ country in the world, and Germany, the ‘fattest’ country in Europe. Harker, D., Harker, M., Reinhard, K., & Sharma, B. (2011)  This suggests that both countries are currently not following their national dietary recommendations and is a consideration when planning daily eating recommendations.
  • 17. + Typical Daily Eating Plan BREAKFAST -Busy lifestyles creating trend for simple breakfast such as cereal – however, more traditional & hearty breakfast may be eaten on weekend Coffee, tea or cocoa or sometimes juice Bread or bread rolls with: -butter or margarine -marmalade -honey -Quark (curd cheese) -sausage -cheese Boiled egg Cereals Muesli with yogurt, milk or fresh fruit German Foods. (n.d.).
  • 18. + Typical Daily Eating Plan MORNING TEA OR SNACKS Small sandwich with cheese or meat Fruit Yogurt Muesli bar AFTERNOON TEA -convenience shops leads to less baking at home (store bought pastries) -trend in tea becoming more popular to drink Coffee with cream or condensed milk Homemade cakes: black forest, bee sting, cheesecake made with Quark, fruit tarts (plum or apple) German Foods. (n.d.).
  • 19. + Typical Daily Eating Plan LUNCH -meat eaten most likely everyday (pork & chicken) -traditionally eaten between 12 and 2pm -school children have lunch back at home -trend to eat warm meal at dinner rather than lunch Typical vegetables served: green beans, carrots, peas, cabbage Potatoes are staple (boiled, dumplings, croquettes, fried, mashed) Rice and noodles as side dishes Meals: Potato salad with sausage or meal balls Spätzle noodles with stir-fry Schnitzel with buttered vegetables Fish sticks with mashed potato German Foods. (n.d.).
  • 20. + Typical Daily Eating Plan DINNER -Light meal between 6pm and 7pm Selection of whole grain bread, cheeses, deli meats & sausages, mustards & pickles (gherkins) Served with salad and/or a soup, depending on the season Young people drink sparkling mineral water or juice BEVERAGES • Fruit Juices • Mineral Water • Schorle (Mix of Fruit Juice and Mineral Water) • Beer, Wine and Schnapps German Foods. (n.d.).
  • 21. + What is really represented Meats Breads Fruits Vegetables Dairy Oils
  • 22. + How does Germany compare to Australia? Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (2013) http://www.dge.de/ (2005)
  • 23. + References Destatis.(2013). 2011 Census: 80.2 million inhabitants lived in Germany on 9 May 2011. Retrieved from www.destatis.de  Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2012). Reflecting a nation: Stories from the 2011 census, 2012–2013. Retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/2071.0main+features902012-2013  United States Census Bureau. (2012). International programs. Retrieved from www.census.gov  People Movin. (n.d.). Migration flows across the world. Retrieved from http://peoplemov.in  Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. (2010). Germany: Health and environmental trends. Retrieved from http://www.ats- sea.agr.gc.ca/eur/4186-eng.htm  Richter, A., Heidemann, C., Schulze, M.B., Roosen, J., Thieleand, S., & Mensink, G. (2012). Dietary patterns of adolescents in Germany - Associations with nutrient intake and other health related lifestyle characteristics. BMC Pediatrics, 12(35). doi:10.1186/1471-2431-12-35  German Foods. (n.d.). Eating Habits in Germany. Retrieved from http://www.germanfoods.org/consumer/facts/eatinghabits.cfm  Woolworths. 2013. Woolworths Shop Online. Retrieved from http://www2.woolworthsonline.com.au/  Dan Murphy’s. 2013. Dan Murphy’s. Retrieved from http://danmurphys.com.au/dm/home.jsp  Department of Health and Ageing. (2009). The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating. Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.au/internet/healthyactive/publishing.nsf/Content/eating  Lifescript. 2007. German Food traditions: More Than Just Sauerkraut. Retrieved from http://www.lifescript.com  German Food Guide. (n.d.) Christams. Retrieved from http://www.germanfoodguide.com/  German Food Guide. (n.d.) Easter. Retrieved from http://www.germanfoodguide.com/
  • 24. + References  Giskes, K., Turrell, G., Patterson, C., & Newman, B. (2002). Socioeconomic differences among Australian adults in consumption of fruit and vegetables and intakes of vitamins A, C and folate. Journal Of Human Nutrition & Dietetics, 15(5), 375. Retrived from http://gateway.library.qut.edu.au/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct =true&db=c8h&AN=2003050587&site=ehost-live  Giskes, K., Turrell, G., Patterson, C., & Newman, B. (2002). Socio-economic differences in fruit and vegetable consumption among Australian adolescents and adults. Public Health Nutrition, 5(5), 663-669. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PHN2002339  Harker, D., Harker, M., Reinhard, K., & Sharma, B. (2011). Journal of Youth Studies: Youth transition to university in Germany and Australia: An empirical investigation of healthy eating behaviour. Youth Studies Australia, 30(1), 62. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com.ezp01.library.qut.edu.au/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA252739537&v=2. 1&u=qut&it=r&p=HRCA&sw=w  Heinzelmann, U. (2008). Food culture in Germany [EBL version]. Retrived From http://www.qut.eblib.com.au.ezp01.library.qut.edu.au/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=495064ch o=1&userid=vClvxfzA%2fYSdKXU%2bfoBxlQ%3d%3d&tstamp=1376962742&id=2F17C2AD AB1F8B08176FC0E4159C3CAE747ABE55  MacVeigh, J. (2009). International Cuisine. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar Cengage Learning.  Mensink, G., Truthmann, J., Rabenberg, M., Heidemann, C., Haftenberger, M., Schienkiewitz, A., & Richter, A. (2013). Fruit and vegetable intake in Germany: Results of the German health interview examination survey for adults. Bundesgesundheitsbl, 56, 779-785. doi: 10.1007/s00103-012-1651-8
  • 25. + References  The German Nutrition Society. (2012). 10 Guidelines of the German Nutrition Society (DGE) for a wholesome diet. Retried August 21, 2013, from http://www.dge.de/pdf/10-guidelines- wholesome-diet-DGE-en.pdf  European Food Information Council. (2009). Food-based dietary guidelines in Europe. Retrieved August 21, 2013, from http://www.eufic.org/article/en/expid/food-based-dietary- guidelines-in- europe/  National Health and Medical Research Council. (2013). Australian dietary guidelines. Retrieved August 21, 2013, from http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/guidelines/publications/n55  The Abbotsford Kitchen. (2010). Potatoes. Retreieved August 27, 2013, from http://theabbotsfordkitchen.wordpress.com  McCormick. (2013). Potato variety guide. Retrieved August 27, 2013, from http://www.mccormick.com.au/Resources/Tools-and-Guides/Potato-Variety-Guide.aspx