git-cheat-sheet

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git-cheat-sheet

  1. 1. Commands Sequence Git Cheat Sheet the curves indicate that the command on the right is usually executed after the command on the left. This gives an idea of http://git.or.cz/ the flow of commands someone usually does with Git. Remember: git command --help Global Git configuration is stored in $HOME/.gitconfig (git config --help) CREATE BROWSE CHANGE REVERT UPDATE BRANCH COMMIT PUBLISH init status reset pull checkout commit push clone log checkout fetch show revert merge branch format-patch diff am branch Create Concepts From existing data cd ~/projects/myproject Git Basics git init master : default development branch git add . origin : default upstream repository HEAD : current branch From existing repo HEAD^ : parent of HEAD HEAD~4 : the great-great grandparent of HEAD git clone ~/existing/repo ~/new/repo git clone git://host.org/project.git git clone ssh://you@host.org/proj.git Revert Show Return to the last committed state git reset --hard Files changed in working directory ! you cannot undo a hard reset Update Publish git status Revert the last commit Fetch latest changes from origin Commit all your local changes git revert HEAD Creates a new commit Changes to tracked files git fetch git commit -a git diff Revert specific commit (but this does not merge them). git revert $id Creates a new commit Pull latest changes from origin Prepare a patch for other developers What changed between $ID1 and $ID2 git pull Fix the last commit git format-patch origin git diff $id1 $id2 (does a fetch followed by a merge) git commit -a --amend History of changes (after editing the broken files) Apply a patch that some sent you Push changes to origin git log git am -3 patch.mbox git push Checkout the $id version of a file History of changes for file with diffs (in case of a conflict, resolve and use git checkout $id $file git am --resolved ) git log -p $file $dir/ec/tory/ Mark a version / milestone Who changed what and when in a file Branch git tag v1.0 git blame $file Switch to the $id branch A commit identified by $ID git checkout $id Finding regressions To view the merge conclicts Resolve Merge Conflicts git show $id git bisect start (to start) git diff (complete conflict diff) Merge branch1 into branch2 Useful Commands git bisect good $id ($id is the last working version) git diff --base $file (against base file) A specific file from a specific $ID git checkout $branch2 git bisect bad $id ($id is a broken version) git diff --ours $file (against your changes) git show $id:$file git merge branch1 git diff --theirs $file (against other changes) git bisect bad/good (to mark it as bad or good) Create branch named $branch based on git bisect visualize (to launch gitk and mark it) All local branches the HEAD git bisect reset (once youre done) To discard conflicting patch git branch git branch $branch (star * marks the current branch) git reset --hard Create branch $new_branch based on Check for errors and cleanup repository git rebase --skip branch $other and switch to it git fsckCheat Sheet Notation git checkout -b $new_branch $other git gc --prune After resolving conflicts, merge with$id : notation used in this sheet to represent either a Search working directory for foo()commit id, branch or a tag name Delete branch $branch git add $conflicting_file (do for all resolved files) git branch -d $branch git grep "foo()" git rebase --continue$file : arbitrary file name$branch : arbitrary branch name Zack Rusin Based on the work of: Sébastien Pierre Xprima Corp.

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