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Commander-in-Chief (USA): Admiral Chester W Nimitz
Before the Battle Japan Wanted to Capture Midway Island as a base for taking the rest of the Pacific Islands Planned to take Midway on June 3 Wanted to meet at Midway to destroy US Fleet War Planners Careless United States US Naval Officers found out Japanese were planning to bomb Midway Island Adm Nimitz carefully planned planes carefully according to the code that was broken Force led by Rear Admiral RaymonSprunace
A fighter plane in the midst of the Battle of Midway
Information Task Force 16 led by the Enterprise left on May 28 Japan had 6 aircraft carriers, 11 battle ships, 13 cruisers and 45 destroyers US had ¼ supplies of Japanese Aircrafts (US) USS Enterprise USS Hornet USS Yorktown (Damaged from previous battle)
Morning of June 4 USS Enterprise, USS Hornet, and USS Yorktown main aircrafts, led by USS Enterprise Japanese launches air attack with 108 planes US saw planes on Radar & went into position US failed on brutal Japanese attack Japanese destroyed most American torpedoes Skies became very dark because of constant shooting
USS Yorktown is being attacked by a Japanese torpedo.
Afternoon Japanese destroyed USS Yorktown but Nimitz places the rest of the ships correctly Skies were set up for American dive-bombers American aircraft caught Hiryu and damaged it 3 main flyers dropped bombs and torpedoes on 3 of four Japanese carriers Within 5 minutes US killed 3 of 4 Japanese ships
VT-8 TBF at Midway Island
After Five Minutes… All Japanese torpedoes shot Japan lost ½ of its carrier force Japanese greatly damaged Midway, but could not capture the field Japanese lost its frontline aviators and 250 aircraft Japanese retreated and reversed the tide of the war: Japan was on the defense
Battle of Midway Memorial
The Importance of the Battle of Midway Japanese code broken Displayed that the USA could win something Proved the stamina of the USA Japan could not advance further
Midway Island Today
Significance of World War II Japan was now on the defensive side Japan’s best naval officers were wiped out Japan was not able to advance anymore USA was the one who Japan watched out for
Sources American History Textbook http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/worldwari1/p/Midway.htm http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_midway.htm Battle of Midway: World War II in Color shttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1v4I6RGRW50 http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/midway.htm http://www.answers.com/topic/battle-of-midway Images: http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/images/g410000/g414423.jpg http://cdn.dipity.com/uploads/events/eb15affd35163a2f1e9a65bbdb7f42f8.jpg http://history-world.org/ww2mapsnazi.jpg http://www.wikipediaondvd.com/wp-0.5/img/f/p/p.png http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/fileadmin/historyLearningSite/guad.jpg http://www.usmilitary.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/05/naval-battle-of-midway.jpg http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/images/g10000/g17063.jpg http://www.boerner.net/jboerner/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/MidwayMemorial.jpg http://www.travelwithachallenge.com/Images/Travel_Article_Library/Midway-Atoll/Midway-Atoll.jpg