Asthma in Maine
•Maine has the 3rd highest
adult current asthma rate in the
US at 10.3%. Nat’l avg. 8.5%
•Maine’s current child asthma
rate is 9.4%. Nat’l avg. 9%.
•In 2000, Maine’s current adult
asthma rate was 8.9% - highest
in the US. Nat’l avg. 7.2%.
Indoor Environmental Asthma Triggers
•Oil & Wood heat– ME has the highest rate of
oil heated homes in the Country
•Old Homes = dust and mold
•Cockroaches & Pests
•Pets: fur, hair & dander
•Other - idiopathic
Healthy Maine 2010
Reduce the # of school/work days missed due to
Reduce the # of ED visits due to asthma.
Reduce the # of hospitalizations due to asthma.
Increase the proportion of persons with asthma
who receive formal patient education.
Establish a surveillance tracking system for
Asthma Action Plan
Secondhand Smoke & Asthma
•Children exposed to SHS in the home are
44% more likely to suffer from asthma.
•SHS can trigger asthma episodes and
increase the severity of attacks.
•SHS is a risk factor for new cases of asthma
in preschool aged children who have not
already exhibited asthma symptoms.
•Many of the health effects of SHS, including
asthma, are most clearly seen in children
because children are most vulnerable to its
Secondhand Smoke is Deadly
• Surgeon General says there is NO safe level of
exposure. SHS is a Group A carcinogen– a
substance known to cause cancer in humans
for which there is no safe level of exposure.
• No ventilation system is effective in removal of
toxins ~ up to 65% air exchange between units.
• Just as deadly than vehicle exhaust, arsenic,
lead, asbestos and a host of other toxins.
Smoke-Free Policies…crucial to a Healthy
• Take a pledge to not smoke in your home or car.
• Never let caregivers smoke in or around your children.
• Create smoke-free policies for all your properties.
•HUD and MaineHousing support smoke-free policies.
•It saves you time and money.
•You have resources to help www.smokefreeforme.org
Successes in Smoke-Free Environments
o No smoking in Foster Homes
o No smoking in cars with children under 16
o State Beaches
o All indoor public places
o School grounds- 365/24/7
o18 of 20 Public Housing Authorities & 44% of
private multi-unit landlords
o Outdoor dining
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
ED Visits 2003-2006 Detectors - 2004
How Mainers get Poisoned
• 49% Poisoned at home, 10% at work
• 35% Poisoned from exhaust
• 19% poisoned from generator
• 13% each from furnace or propane fridge
• 60% of those poisoned by exhaust were
poisoned in garage or barn
Sex Differences (2002-2006)
• Battery powered or battery backup
• Change batteries at Daylight Savings Time
• Maintain combustion sources and chimneys
• New Law: Maine Requires CO Detectors in
Apartments and new renovations
• Family of 7 woken up by CO alarm. Faulty
• Residents evacuated from Apt. building. Faulty
propane furnace vent.
Radon in Maine
Of Maine homes
Of Maine homes report
may have indoor air levels
of radon above 2 pCi/L that they have tested their
indoor air for radon
Magnitude of the risk – what is safe?
PERC Radon in Water
5 in a million 3 in a thousand
less cancer risk more
MTBE Chlordane Radon in Air
3 in a million 70 in a million 2 pCi/L
1 in a hundred
1 in a thousand
www.maineradiationcontrol.org – click on radon
Machais – April 5th
Presque Isle – April 6th
Auburn – April 12th
Waterville – April 13th
These daylong health homes trainings are funded by the
Maine Asthma Program
Eric Frohmberg – 287-8141
Sarah Mayberry– 874.8774
Fire Marshall’s Office - 626-3873
Maine Radon Program – 800-232-0842
Maine Asthma Program – Jim Braddick - 287-7302