Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Katipunan Before the Revolution
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Katipunan Before the Revolution


Published on

Katipunan before the revolution …

Katipunan before the revolution

credits to Elpidio C. Nogales Jr.

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
1 Comment
No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Katipunan Before the Revolution Prepared by: Ernest Nathan L. Nogales I-OPAL
  • 2. Establishment of the Katipunan
    • On July 7, 1892 , the same date Rizal was exiled to Dapitan, Andres Bonifacio, Valentin Diaz, Teodoro Plata, Ladislao Diwa, Deodato Arellano , and a few others, met secretly at a house on Azcarraga (now Claro M. Recto avenue).
  • 3. Establishment of the Katipunan
    • They founded an association called Kataastaasan Kagalang-galang na Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan ( KKK ), or Katipunan for short
  • 4. Aims of Katipunan
    • To unite the Filipinos into a solid nation
    • To win Philippine independence by means of revolution
  • 5. Recruitment
    • They first used the triangle method on recruiting members
    • Later on, since the triangle method was slow, Bonifacio allowed them to recruit as many members as possible
    • The First Edition of Kalayaan (the Katipunan newspaper) also helped a lot in recruiting more members.
    A B C
  • 6. Membership
    • There were 3 grades of members:
    • Katipon – lowest class
    • Recruitment of more members will turn him into a Kawal
    • Kawal – middle class
    • If elected as an officer, he becomes a Bayani
    • Bayani – highest class
    • Officer
  • 7. Membership
    • The 2 factions of the Katipunan are Magdalo and Magdiwang .
    • When the war broke out they made flags different from each other.
    • They also had an argument that led to the Tejeros Convention .
  • 8. Membership
    • Women’s Chapter of the Katipunan
    • They were limited to only the wives, daughters, or relatives of the members of the Katipunan. They served as the watch during meetings of the Katipunan.
    • Prominent women were Josefa Rizal: President, Gregoria de Jesus: Vice President, Marina Dizon: Secretary, Angelica Rizal Lopez: Fiscal.
    Josefa Rizal Gregoria de Jesus
  • 9. Secrecy
    • In order to remain secret, they made different codes and countersigns
    • Codes
    • Countersigns : When two members meet on the road, one member will put his right palm on his chest and the other member will close his hand such that the index finger and thumb touch each other.
  • 10. First Code of the Katipunan J L K K L J LL N M V N I O C P P Q E R R S S T S U X V M W W X U Y Y
  • 11. Last code used during the Tejeros convention Spanish Alphabet Katipunan Alphabet A D B C C B D A E H F G G F H E I L J K K J L I LL Ñ M N N M Ñ LL O R P Q Q P R O S V T U U T W Z X Y Y X Z W
  • 12. Flags of the Katipunan Official Katipunan Flags
    • Official Flags
    • Personal Flags
  • 13. Flags of the Katipunan Official Flags
    • Official Flags
    • Personal Flags
    Magdiwang Faction’s flag Magdalo Faction’s Flag Naik_Mil Agreement Flag
  • 14. Flags of the Katipunan Personal Flags
    • Official Flags
    • Personal Flags
    Bonifacio’s Flag Gregorio Del Pilar’s Flag
  • 15. Flags of the Katipunan Personal Flags
    • Official Flags
    • Personal Flags
    Pio Del Pilar’s Flag Llanera’s Skull
  • 16. Rizal and the Katipunan Rizal and the Revolution
    • The Katipunan was founded on the day Dr. Rizal was exiled
    • Bonifacio sent Dr. Pio Valenzuela to Dapitan to ask for Dr. Rizal’s opinion about the Revolution
    Dr. Pio Valenzuela
  • 17. Rizal’s answer Rizal and the Revolution
    • Rizal said that a revolution without sufficient arms should not be started against an armed nation. He suggested that they should find a way so that the elite of those times will join the Katipunan.
    • But Dr. Pio Valenzuela reasoned out that it would be difficult to make the elites join the poor. This was one problem Rizal was not able to find a solution.
  • 18. Katipunan led the Revolution
  • 19.
    • Sources and References:
    • Agoncillo, Teodoro A. and Guerrero, Milagros C., History of the Filipino People
    • Zaide, Gregorio F, Philippine History and Government
  • 20.