Length 346 km (215 miles)Source is about a mile north of the village of Kemble,near Cirencester.The area of floodplain is 896 km2.There are in all 47 locks,
INTRODUCTION ON RIVER THAMES The Thames has been frozen over at various times, theearliest recorded occasion being AD 1150. There is a 23-ft (7-m) difference between low and hightide at London Bridge. The Thames is navigable by barges is navigable for 306km (191 miles) from Lechlade.
The source of the Thames isa spring called Thames head. The spring issupplied by water deep under the ground. It ismarked by an ancient ash tree and a stone engravedwith the words:
The Thames flows through or alongside AstonKeynes, Cricklade, Lechlade, Oxford,Abingdon, Wallingford, Goring-on-Thamesand Streatley, Reading, Wargrave, Henley-on-Thames, Marlow, Maidenhead, Windsor and Eton,Staines-upon-Thames and Egham ,Chertsey, Shepperton, Weybridge, Sunbury-on-Thames, Walton-on-Thames, Molesey and ThamesDittonThe Thames passes by some of the sights ofLondon, including the Houses of Parliament andthe London Eye.Course
History of River ThamesThe River Thames can first be identified as adiscrete drainage line as early as 58 million yearsago, in theThanetian stage of thelate Palaeocene epoch.In the most extreme Ice Age of the Pleistocene,theAnglian about 450,000 years ago, the ice sheetreached its furthest extent south, Hornchurch innorth-east London. It dammed the river in Hertfordshire, causing largeice lakes which eventually burst their banks andcaused the river to be diverted onto its present coursethrough London .
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTIONOF RIVER THAMES ON ENGLAND
TRADE & TRANSPORT The river has been an important trade and transport route sinceprehistoric times. Barges and river boats brought fish, wood and wool to the City, whilehundreds of watermen in small rowing boats ferried people up anddown. Tea, silk and a fortune of spices came from the East. Sugar was brought from the Caribbean, timber from Norway and ironore from Sweden. The Thames was so busy that traffic on the river could hardly move. As trade with the East Indies increased, East India Company shipswith their cargoes of spices, tea and cloth had to moor at Deptford andtransported their goods on covered barges as there was no room forthe large ships upriver. Often goods were left on the wharves where they could be stolen ordamaged by the weather.
CULTUREVISUAL ART The River Thames has been a subject for artists, great and minor, over the centuries. Four major artists with works based on the Thames are Canaletto , J. M. W. Turner, ClaudeMonet, and James Abbott McNeill Whistler.MUSIC The Water Music composed by George Frideric Handel premiered on 17 July 1717, when KingGeorge I requested a concert on the River Thames. The song Old Father Thames was recorded by Peter Dawson at Abbey Road Studios in 1933and by Gracie Fields five years later. The Sex Pistols played a concert on the Queen Elizabeth Riverboat on 7 June 1977, theQueens Silver Jubilee year, while sailing down the river. English musician Imogen Heap wrote a song from the point of view of the River Thamesentitled "You Know Where To Find Me". The song was released in 2012 on 18 October as thesixth single from her currently untitled album. Ewan MacColls "Sweet Thames, Flow Softly", written in the early 1960s, is a tragic loveballad set on trip up the river.
RELIGION Very few Thames-side parish churches have been the subject ofdetailed archaeological investigation; the dedication, and locationof the church within the landscape, are therefore importantindicators of the possible origins of the building. the churches along the tidal Thames, over half are dedicated eitherto St Mary the Virgin or to All Saints, (or All Hallows) which may bean indication of an early foundation date. The location of the church within the landscape may provide clues asto the shape of river during the Anglo-Saxon period. St Mary’s Batttersea Mention must also be made of the tributaries ofthe Thames. In addition to further study of the origin and form of the churches, astudy of their associated churchyards may also prove rewarding. The importance of the church in relationship to the river is clearlyshown at Chiswick, where a causeway aligned with the east end of thechurch runs across the foreshore. It is intriguing to note that on theRiver Fleet are located two of theoldest churches in the Greater London area, St Pancras and StAndrew’s Holborn.
Edmund Spenser wrote Prothalamian (1596)William Wordsworth-On Westminsters BridgeAlwyn Marriage-Charting the ThamesJulian Colton -Thames River OdysseyFred S Thacker-Mortlake Bridge (1920)Rudyard Kipling-The RiveR’s Tale (1911)Oscar Wilde-The Burden of ItysJohn Betjeman-Henley On Thames (1948) T.S.Eliot-The Waste LandJerome K JEROME THREE MEN IN A BOAT
Let poets rave of Arno’ streamAnd painters of the winding RhineI will not aska lovelier dream,A sweeter scene, fair Thames, than thine;An ‘neath a summer’s sun’s declineThou wanderest at thine own sweet willReflecting from thy face divineThe flower-wreathed brow of RichmondHill.
Human activity along points from its source to its mouthis evidenced for thousands of years in places; now itprovides dwelling places, water power, food and drinkThe river’s strategic position has seen it at the centre ofmany events and fashions in British history, earning it adescription by John Burns as “Liquid History”.More recently, the river has become a major leisure areasupporting tourism and pleasure outings as well as thesports of rowing, sailing, sniffing, kayaking, and punting.Habitation
IN VICTORIAN TIMES, The Thames became verypolluted. Filthy water from factories and newly inventedwater, Toilet poured straight down drains into the riverkilling all the wildlife. Londoners still drank river water dueto which thousands of people died because of cholera.Some people use a drain road or outside in their garden todispose oil or dirty water . This generally goes straight intothe river. In the 1960s,a big clean up began : sewage systemand many more things was improved. Due to this Thamesis now one of the most cleanest river in the world
[Image: 1855 Punch cartoon of FatherThames greeting Faraday.]
The £220,000 prize, awarded at the International River symposium inAustralia, will go to the Thames Rivers Restoration Trust. Actor David Suchet, a keen boater and chairman of the River ThamesAlliance, said: I am fortunate in my life to have travelled extensively andenjoyed many other rivers worldwide. Thames Water’s planning applications shows 24 building sites along theThames, including the main construction site at Carnwath Road on theFulham riverside. To clean the river Thames government of England has taken many stepsto stop the pollution.Steps take n by the government to clean river Thames
Thames Valley flood of1947This period was the worseperiod for the people ofThames valley because aworst kind of flood wascaused in the year 1947. Theprecipitation of the flood was117mm(4.9 inches) . It alsowas caused in many parts ofEngland during the middle ofMarch 1947 after a severewinter. The flood harmed theproperty of total cost $12million. Some significantThames floods since 1947have occurred in 1968, 1993,1998, 2000, 2003 and 2006.
The Thames Barrier is theworlds second-largest movableflood barrier and it is located atthe downstream of centralLONDON, UNITED KINGDOM. Its purpose is to prevent Londonfrom being flooded by exceptionally high tides and stormsurges moving up from the sea. It is being raised only duringthe high tides. Its northern bank is in Silver town, LondonBorough of New ham and its southern bank is in the NewCharlton area of Charlton in the Royal Borough of Greenwich.