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A simple example of inductive reasoning is the statement ‘All swans are white’ – sufficient experiences of seeing white swans in Europe might allow this to be stated as a general rule – but when you get to Australia and see black swans, the rule is no longer considered valid
There is a logical problem with inductivism: where does the ‘principle of induction’ (the idea that sufficient observations allow us to state a law’) come from? It’s not out there in the natural world, so the only way we could find it is… by induction!
There are a variety of other strategies that teachers can use to allow students to gather evidence with which to test both their existing ways of understanding the world and the scientific ways that are being offered to them