Ancient Greece - 2nd Formative Task


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Ancient Greece - 2nd Formative Task

  1. 1. Ancient Greece (1100-336 BC) By Olin 6A
  2. 2. Political System
  3. 3.  In the Ancient times, Each city-state in Greece are against each other, they have their own government, these are the types of government: (each city-state used one of this type of government) o Monarchy: Rule by a king. One of the City-State of Greece that used this government was the city-state of Corinth. o Oligarchy: Rule by a small group. One of the city-states of Greece that used this government was the city-state of Sparta. o Democracy: Rule by the citizens, voting in a n assembly. One of the city-states of Greece that used this government for about a hundred year was the ancient city-state of Athens. Past: Government
  4. 4.  Around 1200-900 BC, the Ancient Greeks had no official laws or punishments. Around 620BC Draco the one who created laws, wrote the first law of Ancient Greece. During 594 BC, Solon is also the one who created laws.  Most of the crime penalties involves payment. Like the penalty of stealing things is paying depending the amount stolen.  Solon also created family laws, public laws and procedural laws.  Family laws were concerning the behavior of men and women, marriage and adoption.  Public laws were provided for public services.  The procedural laws were guidelines that told judges to use laws. Past: Laws
  5. 5.  In the present day, Greece uses democrartic type of government.  President: Karolos Papoulias.  Prime Minister: Antonis Samaras. Present: Government
  6. 6.  If you buy pirate CDs or DVDs in Greece, you could be imprisoned.  It’s illegal to smoke in all indoor public places. The penalty of breaking this law is a fine up to 500 Euro.  Driving any vehicle while drunken can have a heavy fine and/or imprisonment. Present: Laws
  7. 7.  Greece change their government because their population is increasing. It’ll be hard for them to arrange the country with huge population. Changes: Political System
  8. 8. Culture
  9. 9.  The soil was not very fertile along the coastline. But, Greeks manage to grew crops.  They grew: o wheat to make bread. o Olives and grapes. o Etc.  They kept goats for milk and cheese.  Fish, seafood and homemade wine were very popular in Ancient Greece. Past: Food
  10. 10.  As you can see, each city-states are against each other so they have their own government, goals and personalities. They also have different purpose and system of education too!  Athens: Purpose was to produce citizens trained in arts, and to prepare citizens for peace and war. Only boys can go to school, girls do household at home.  System of Education in Athens: o Until age 6, their mother taught boys at home. o From 6 to 14, boys went to a primary school or to a private school. They learned different varieties subjects such as drama, government, art, public speaking, reading, writing and math. o When they are 18 years old, they entered military school for two additional years. o At the age of 20, they graduated. Past: Education
  11. 11.  Sparta: Purpose was to produce a well-disciplined army.  System of Education in Sparta: o In ancient Sparta, both boys and girls can go to school, but after their parents give a birth to a baby, Spartan soldiers will come and check the baby. If the baby didn't seem to be healthy and strong, they will be taken away to be slaves or even die. Babies who passed this step, they achieve a membership in a brother hood or sisterhood. o Spartan girls went to school at the age of 6 or 7, The girls were taught wrestling, gymnastics, and combat skills. o At age 18, if a Sparta girl passed her skills and fitness test, she would be allowed to return home. If she failed, she would lose her rights as a citizen, and became a perioikos, a member of the middle class. Past: Education
  12. 12. o Spartan boys were sent to military school at the age of 6 or 7. They were taught skills to be a great soldier. o Between the ages of 18-20, Spartan males had to pass a test of military skills and leadership skills. If they didn't pass the test become a perioikos. (The perioikos, or the middle class, were allowed to own property, have business dealings, but had no political rights and were not citizens.) If they passed, they became a full citizen and a Spartan soldier. Spartan citizens were not allowed to touch money. That was the job of the middle class. Spartan soldiers spent most of their lives with their fellow soldiers. They ate, slept, and continued to train in their brotherhood barracks. Even if they were married, they did not live with their wives and families. They lived in the barracks. o At age 60, a Spartan soldier could retire and live in their home with their family. Past: Education
  13. 13.  Greeks has many kinds of food.  They have their own cuisine and spices.  They often use leafs and herbs for spices. Present: Food
  14. 14.  There are some rules of education in Greece. The rules are students should start to go to school at the age of 2.5 years old. Also, education is a requirement for all children between 6-15 years old.  The system of education in Greece: o Primary o Secondary o Tertiary o Then they enter university. Present: Education
  15. 15.  They can grow more things and made different varieties of food. The education changed too because they become a country and doesn’t need armies to train to fight each other. Changes: Culture
  16. 16. Geography
  17. 17.  In the Ancient times, each city-state in Greece are against each other. Five of the most powerful Greek city-states were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara and Argos. But they were not the only city-states in ancient Greece.  Population: In the 4th century BC, it was estimated that the population of the entire Greek was 8,000,000 to 10,000,000. But during the 8th century BC, it was estimated that the population of Greeks was around 700,000 people. Past
  18. 18.  Today, Greece become a country, they are not against each other anymore. They work together as a country.  Population: 11,411,369 Present
  19. 19. They become a country. Greece become a country in 1830. Their population is increasing too. Changes
  20. 20. Ethics and Beliefs
  21. 21.  In the Ancient times most of Greeks beliefs in Gods.  The 12 Main Gods are: o Zeus o Hades o Hera o Poseidon o Ares o Athena o Apollo o Aphrodite o Hermes o Hestia o Artemis o Hephaestus Past
  22. 22.  Now, 97% of the Greeks are Christians Orthodox.  The rest of the populations are Muslims, Roman Catholic and Jewish. Present
  23. 23.  The religion changed because Christian spread the religion and many Greeks followed Christian Religion.  That brings impact of most of the Greeks are Christian. Changes
  24. 24.  Political System: Because of Greece is already in peace and working together as a country, Greece will be a very developing country in the future. Greece will be a very strong country.  Culture: Because of the education is developing, people in Greece will be smart, and the next generation of Greeks will improve Greece to a better country.  Geography: Greece can be peaceful and working together as a country to be a better country in the future.  Ethics and Beliefs: Christian will still keep developing and increasing because the population of people in Greece is quite much. Implication For The Future
  25. 25.  “Ancient Greek City-States” (Online) Available Monday September 30th 2013.  “Ancient Greek Government” (Online) Available Monday September 30th 2013.  “Education in Ancient Greece”(Online) Available Monday September 30th 2013.  “Greek Food” (Online) Available Monday September 30th 2013.  “Greek Population Clock” (Online) Available Tuesday October 1st 2013.  “Greece Education” (Online) Available Tuesday October 1st 2013  “Food and Wine in Greece” (Online) Available wine.htm Tuesday October 1st 2013 Resources
  26. 26.  “Ancient Greek For Kids” (Online) Available Monday September 30th 2013.  “Geography” (Online) Available Monday September 30th 2013.  “Local Laws and Customs” (Online) Available advice/greece/local-laws-and-customs Tuesday October 1st 2013.  “Politics of Greece” (Online) Available Tuesday October 1st 2013.  “Ancient Greek Legal System” (Online) Available  Tuesday October 1st 2013. “Culture in Greece” (Online) Available culture.htm Tuesday October 1st 2013  “Time Periods” (Online) Available  Tuesday October 1st 2013“Food and Wine in Greece” (Online) Available Tuesday October 1st 2013 Resources