Chapter 11
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Chapter 11

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Revised - April 2013

Revised - April 2013

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Chapter 11 Chapter 11 Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 11Sculpture and Installation
  • SculptureMaman, Louise Bourgeois, 1999,Bronze, steel and marble, St. Petersburg, Russiahttp://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/bourgeois-maman-t12625/text-summary
  • Sculpture• Sculpture is 3D, the third dimension is depth• One of the most ancient art forms• Metal, wood, stone, clay– Still very exciting today• New materials fiberglass, fabric, plastic, found objects, actual light, flowers• Installation– incorporates the entire exhibit space
  • 4 basic methods for making sculpture• Modeling Additive process• Assembling Additive process• Carving Subtractive process• Casting Liquid is poured into a mold to harden
  • Modeling• The most direct sculpture method• Most common material is clay• The pliable material is shaped andformed with hands and tools– Pinching, smoothing– Gouging, scratching, making textures• More material can be added• While kept wet, clay can be workedand reworked indefinitely
  • Ife head, terracotta, Africa,probably 12-14th centurieshttp://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/ifet/hd_ifet.htm
  • Olmec baby-face figurine,hollow, whiteware ceramicsMesoamerica, 1400-400BCE
  • Venus of Dolní Věstonice, clay,before 25,000 BCE
  • Empire of Dust, Beth Cavener Stichter2006, Stoneware, antique wooden box23 in. h x 41 in. l x 45 in. dhttp://followtheblackrabbit.com/Beast_In_Process.htm
  • Humiliation By Design, Beth Cavener Stichter2009, Stoneware, steel, cast iron gears, rope
  • Olympia, Beth Cavener Stichter
  • HyperrealismKeng Lye, acrylic and resin, 3D painting, built up in layers
  • Keng Lye, alive without breath series3D painting, acrylic, resin, built up in layers
  • Casting• Very indirect method of forming sculpture– Sometimes an artist never touches the finished work• Bronze is the most common material associationwith casting– the metal can be superheated until it flows easily to bepoured into a mold– It hardens to extreme durability• Other casting materials include:– Glass, ceramics, fiberglass, resin, plastic, metals
  • Somaskanda (Shiva and his wife Uma)12th century, Chola dynasty, Bronze
  • Ife, bronze casting from Yoruba,13th centuryhttp://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/ifet/hd_ifet.htm
  • lost-wax casting• 5000 year history• Simple and ingenious• Textbook, pg 241• http://www.andresteadsculpture.com/casting.php• Sometimes sculptures are cast in pieces and thenassembled, welded together over an armature• Usually the mold is reusable & multiples are made• The sculptures are not solid• Other materials besides metal can be used forfinished cast artworks: fiberglass, resin,
  • Vaquero, Luis Jimenez,Modeled 1980, cast 1990. Height 16’7”Acrylic, urethane, fiberglass, steel armature.
  • Karen LaMonte, 2007, cast glass
  • Karen LaMonte
  • Ron Mueckhyperrealism, large scale, fiberglass castingProcess: http://www.nga.gov.au/Mueck/director.cfm
  • The Thinker, Rodin, 1879-89
  • The Burghers of Calais, Rodin, 1884
  • carving• More aggressive than modeling, more directthan casting• Sculptor begins with a block of material– Wood, stone, plaster• Jade is too hard to be carved, can only be shapedthrough abrasion• Basalt – a volcanic stone used by the Olmec– The grain must be considered when carving
  • Dagger with horse head pommel. India, Mughal dynasty, 17thcentury. Blade: Damascus steel inlaid with gold; hilt: jade withcarved decoration, inlaid with gold and semi-precious stones.
  • Colossal head of La Venta, Mexico,Olmec, 700 BCE
  • Olowe of Ise, Bowl with figures,early 20th century, wood, pigment, height 25”
  • Olowe of Ise
  • “The Dying Gaul” marble, 3rd cenBCE, a roman copy of Hellenisticbronze
  • Michelangelo’s Pieta
  • assembling• Assemblage - Individual parts can be placed onor near each other• Construction – the pieces are joined together• Sometimes the parts are called “found objects”
  • Joseph Cornell, 1945
  • Joseph Cornell, 1936about: http://www.theartstory.org/artist-cornell-joseph.htm
  • Joseph Cornell, 1943
  • Bohyun Yoon, Unity Installation
  • Meret Oppenheim, Object, 1936gazelle fur covered teacup, saucer & spoon
  • Alexander Calder
  • Alice Aycock, "The Uncertainty of Ground StateFluctuations," installation view in Clayton, Missouri (2007)
  • John Kearney, chromed car bumperswww.cedarhurst.org
  • John Kearney
  • Sculpture• Low relief – the subject projects very slightly fromthe background– A coin, carved doors, an Egyptian tomb wall• High relief – the subject projects much moreboldly from the background– Projects at least half its depth• sculpture “in the round” – the viewer can walkcompletely around the sculpture, the view fromall sides is interesting– Sometimes there is still a front and back
  • Pharaoh Akhenaten with his wife Nefertiti and daughters.Sometimes called sunken relief or intaglio
  • Roman frieze
  • Lapith fighting a centaur, Parthenon,ca. 447–433 BC
  • Lorenzo Ghiberti, Gates of Paradisehttp://www.artic.edu/aic/exhibitions/ghiberti/themes.html
  • Ghiberti, Gates of Paradise, detail
  • Ghiberti, 1401
  • earthwork• Art made for a specific place usually using thematerials found on the site
  • Spiral Jetty, Robert Smithson,Great Salt Lake, Utah, 1970 - present
  • Spiral Jettyhttp://landscapelover.wordpress.com/2010/06/23/round-like-a-circle-in-a-spiral/
  • Serpent Mound, Ohio, 1070,overall length 1300’
  • Serpent Mound
  • Nazca Lines, Peru, 200BCE-700CE
  • Nazca linesThe lines are shallow designs made in the ground by removing the ubiquitousreddish pebbles and uncovering the whitish ground beneath.
  • Christo and Jeanne-Claude, pg 275http://www.christojeanneclaude.net/#The Umbrellas, Japan, 1991
  • The Umbrellas, California
  • Reichstag, Berlin, Germany
  • Wrapped Reichstag, 1995
  • Valley Curtain, Colorado, 1972
  • Running Fence, Sonoma, California,1976
  • Jeff Koons, Puppy, 1992+, live flowering plants,earth, geotextile, internal irrigation systemhttp://dalaigrandma.blogspot.com/2009/03/jeff-koons-puppy.html?m=1
  • End of chapter