Chapter 11

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Chapter 11

  1. 1. Chapter 11Sculpture and Installation
  2. 2. SculptureMaman, Louise Bourgeois, 1999,Bronze, steel and marble, St. Petersburg, Russiahttp://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/bourgeois-maman-t12625/text-summary
  3. 3. Sculpture• Sculpture is 3D, the third dimension is depth• One of the most ancient art forms• Metal, wood, stone, clay– Still very exciting today• New materials fiberglass, fabric, plastic, found objects, actual light, flowers• Installation– incorporates the entire exhibit space
  4. 4. 4 basic methods for making sculpture• Modeling Additive process• Assembling Additive process• Carving Subtractive process• Casting Liquid is poured into a mold to harden
  5. 5. Modeling• The most direct sculpture method• Most common material is clay• The pliable material is shaped andformed with hands and tools– Pinching, smoothing– Gouging, scratching, making textures• More material can be added• While kept wet, clay can be workedand reworked indefinitely
  6. 6. Ife head, terracotta, Africa,probably 12-14th centurieshttp://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/ifet/hd_ifet.htm
  7. 7. Olmec baby-face figurine,hollow, whiteware ceramicsMesoamerica, 1400-400BCE
  8. 8. Venus of Dolní Věstonice, clay,before 25,000 BCE
  9. 9. Empire of Dust, Beth Cavener Stichter2006, Stoneware, antique wooden box23 in. h x 41 in. l x 45 in. dhttp://followtheblackrabbit.com/Beast_In_Process.htm
  10. 10. Humiliation By Design, Beth Cavener Stichter2009, Stoneware, steel, cast iron gears, rope
  11. 11. Olympia, Beth Cavener Stichter
  12. 12. HyperrealismKeng Lye, acrylic and resin, 3D painting, built up in layers
  13. 13. Keng Lye, alive without breath series3D painting, acrylic, resin, built up in layers
  14. 14. Casting• Very indirect method of forming sculpture– Sometimes an artist never touches the finished work• Bronze is the most common material associationwith casting– the metal can be superheated until it flows easily to bepoured into a mold– It hardens to extreme durability• Other casting materials include:– Glass, ceramics, fiberglass, resin, plastic, metals
  15. 15. Somaskanda (Shiva and his wife Uma)12th century, Chola dynasty, Bronze
  16. 16. Ife, bronze casting from Yoruba,13th centuryhttp://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/ifet/hd_ifet.htm
  17. 17. lost-wax casting• 5000 year history• Simple and ingenious• Textbook, pg 241• http://www.andresteadsculpture.com/casting.php• Sometimes sculptures are cast in pieces and thenassembled, welded together over an armature• Usually the mold is reusable & multiples are made• The sculptures are not solid• Other materials besides metal can be used forfinished cast artworks: fiberglass, resin,
  18. 18. Vaquero, Luis Jimenez,Modeled 1980, cast 1990. Height 16’7”Acrylic, urethane, fiberglass, steel armature.
  19. 19. Karen LaMonte, 2007, cast glass
  20. 20. Karen LaMonte
  21. 21. Ron Mueckhyperrealism, large scale, fiberglass castingProcess: http://www.nga.gov.au/Mueck/director.cfm
  22. 22. The Thinker, Rodin, 1879-89
  23. 23. The Burghers of Calais, Rodin, 1884
  24. 24. carving• More aggressive than modeling, more directthan casting• Sculptor begins with a block of material– Wood, stone, plaster• Jade is too hard to be carved, can only be shapedthrough abrasion• Basalt – a volcanic stone used by the Olmec– The grain must be considered when carving
  25. 25. Dagger with horse head pommel. India, Mughal dynasty, 17thcentury. Blade: Damascus steel inlaid with gold; hilt: jade withcarved decoration, inlaid with gold and semi-precious stones.
  26. 26. Colossal head of La Venta, Mexico,Olmec, 700 BCE
  27. 27. Olowe of Ise, Bowl with figures,early 20th century, wood, pigment, height 25”
  28. 28. Olowe of Ise
  29. 29. “The Dying Gaul” marble, 3rd cenBCE, a roman copy of Hellenisticbronze
  30. 30. Michelangelo’s Pieta
  31. 31. assembling• Assemblage - Individual parts can be placed onor near each other• Construction – the pieces are joined together• Sometimes the parts are called “found objects”
  32. 32. Joseph Cornell, 1945
  33. 33. Joseph Cornell, 1936about: http://www.theartstory.org/artist-cornell-joseph.htm
  34. 34. Joseph Cornell, 1943
  35. 35. Bohyun Yoon, Unity Installation
  36. 36. Meret Oppenheim, Object, 1936gazelle fur covered teacup, saucer & spoon
  37. 37. Alexander Calder
  38. 38. Alice Aycock, "The Uncertainty of Ground StateFluctuations," installation view in Clayton, Missouri (2007)
  39. 39. John Kearney, chromed car bumperswww.cedarhurst.org
  40. 40. John Kearney
  41. 41. Sculpture• Low relief – the subject projects very slightly fromthe background– A coin, carved doors, an Egyptian tomb wall• High relief – the subject projects much moreboldly from the background– Projects at least half its depth• sculpture “in the round” – the viewer can walkcompletely around the sculpture, the view fromall sides is interesting– Sometimes there is still a front and back
  42. 42. Pharaoh Akhenaten with his wife Nefertiti and daughters.Sometimes called sunken relief or intaglio
  43. 43. Roman frieze
  44. 44. Lapith fighting a centaur, Parthenon,ca. 447–433 BC
  45. 45. Lorenzo Ghiberti, Gates of Paradisehttp://www.artic.edu/aic/exhibitions/ghiberti/themes.html
  46. 46. Ghiberti, Gates of Paradise, detail
  47. 47. Ghiberti, 1401
  48. 48. earthwork• Art made for a specific place usually using thematerials found on the site
  49. 49. Spiral Jetty, Robert Smithson,Great Salt Lake, Utah, 1970 - present
  50. 50. Spiral Jettyhttp://landscapelover.wordpress.com/2010/06/23/round-like-a-circle-in-a-spiral/
  51. 51. Serpent Mound, Ohio, 1070,overall length 1300’
  52. 52. Serpent Mound
  53. 53. Nazca Lines, Peru, 200BCE-700CE
  54. 54. Nazca linesThe lines are shallow designs made in the ground by removing the ubiquitousreddish pebbles and uncovering the whitish ground beneath.
  55. 55. Christo and Jeanne-Claude, pg 275http://www.christojeanneclaude.net/#The Umbrellas, Japan, 1991
  56. 56. The Umbrellas, California
  57. 57. Reichstag, Berlin, Germany
  58. 58. Wrapped Reichstag, 1995
  59. 59. Valley Curtain, Colorado, 1972
  60. 60. Running Fence, Sonoma, California,1976
  61. 61. Jeff Koons, Puppy, 1992+, live flowering plants,earth, geotextile, internal irrigation systemhttp://dalaigrandma.blogspot.com/2009/03/jeff-koons-puppy.html?m=1
  62. 62. End of chapter

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