2 1 Prelude To Revolution

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2 1 Prelude To Revolution

  1. 1. PRELUDE TO THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION INCREASING STRAIN
  2. 2. Colonial Legislatures - 1750s <ul><li>Levy their own taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Pass laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Governors still had veto (colonies easily could get around veto). </li></ul>
  3. 3. British / Colonial Relationship - up to 1750’s <ul><li>Salutory neglect - Although the British passed the Navigation Acts in the 1650s regulating colonial trade, they did not enforce these laws until 1763. </li></ul>
  4. 4. British / Colonial Relationship - up to 1750’s <ul><li>Colonists believed that remaining in the Empire was still in their best interests </li></ul>
  5. 5. The French and Indian War <ul><li>Both England and France claimed the Ohio River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>France has better relations with natives of the interior - Huron </li></ul><ul><li>England has more soldiers/militia </li></ul><ul><li>The key would be the Iroquois </li></ul>
  6. 6. The French and Indian War <ul><li>Washington begins the war? </li></ul><ul><li>Natives attacked the western frontier </li></ul><ul><li>The French army clashed with the British </li></ul><ul><li>The Iroquois eventually supported the British </li></ul><ul><li>England defeated France at Quebec </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1754 - 1763 French & Indian War <ul><li>Indians (Iroquois) become the key to winning the war </li></ul><ul><li>Winner take all fight for the North American continent </li></ul>
  8. 8. A Change in Policy <ul><li>Troops were needed to protect the frontier </li></ul><ul><li>To prevent conflict with the natives the Proclamation of 1763 was developed </li></ul><ul><li>Grenville began a series of colonial tax measures to pay off the debt </li></ul>
  9. 9. A Change in Policy <ul><li>Britain now had an enormous territory saddled with an enormous debt </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists did not want taxation by Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Britain viewed land/colonies as having value, beyond trade </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1754 - 1763 French & Indian War <ul><li>British win war at high cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Brought Americans closer to British authority/admin. Ineptness. </li></ul><ul><li>Br. Irritated b/c they paid for most of the war. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 1763 - King George III & Prime minister George Grenville <ul><li>Both men thought the colonists had gotten away with too much for too long. </li></ul>
  12. 12. King George III <ul><li>Desired control of Parliament – ousted Whigs </li></ul><ul><li>Demanded control over colonies and enforcement of laws </li></ul>
  13. 13. King George III <ul><li>Blamed for the loss of the American colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Suffered from mental illness </li></ul>
  14. 14. George Grenville <ul><li>Colonies should be used to raise revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Pushed number of revenue bills through Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Angered colonies </li></ul>
  15. 15. Proclamation of 1763 <ul><li>Forbade colonists to settle west of the Appalachian mountains. </li></ul><ul><li>Brits. would control western movement - keep their markets along East Coast. </li></ul><ul><li>Indians reluctantly supported </li></ul>
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