1 4 Colonial America
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1 4 Colonial America

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    1 4 Colonial America 1 4 Colonial America Presentation Transcript

    • Colonial America
    • European Settlers - Motives
      • God (convert natives to Christianity), Glory (acquire territory) and Gold (riches)
      • Religious Freedom
    • European Settlers - Motives
      • Mercantilism (increase national wealth)
        • Mother country (Europe)
        • Colonies (America, Asia and Africa) – provide raw materials and buy goods from mother country
    • European Settlers - Strategies
      • Government pays (ex. Spain’ king and queen paid for Columbus's voyage)
    • European Settlers - Strategies
      • Joint Stock Company – Unique to England
        • Investors buy stock in a company that is going to start a colony
        • If the colony is successful the investors make a profit
    • European Settlers – Interactions and Impacts with Natives
      • Traded with natives
      • Westernize natives (ex. Convert to
      • Christianity)
    • European Settlers – Interactions and Impacts with Natives
      • Disease (small pox) killed thousands of natives
      • Pushed natives off of their land and forced them to move Westward
      Must Know
    • The Spanish
      • Gain land and riches
      • Gain converts (Catholic)
      • Conquered and destroyed native cultures (Encomeinda system)
    • The French
      • Fishing, Fur Trapping
      • Looking for the Northwest Passage
      • Gain converts (Catholic)
      • Traded w/ natives (partners)
      • Married Native American women
    • The English
      • Commercial ventures ($)
      • Joint Stock Companies
      • Religious freedom (Protestants)
      • Friendly at first – later fought natives for land
      Must Know
    • Jamestown
      • Jamestown started as a Joint-Stock company, but it was poorly managed and later a Royal Colony (controlled by the king)
      • Jamestown was founded in 1607
      Must Know Must Know
    • Jamestown
      • Settled by Jewelers, Goldsmiths, “gentleman” and 4 laborers
      • Most settlers went to earn a profit. They expected to find gold, like the Spanish
      • John Smith became the leader
    • Jamestown
      • Jamestown nearly failed due to lack of supplies, poor weather and poor location 60 miles up the James River in a swampy area (Defense).
    • Jamestown
      • Their neighbors were the Powhattan Indians
        • Pocahontas
      • The English mistreated the Indians and used force to get what they wanted. This angered the Indians who refused to help the settlers
    • What saved Jamestown?
      • Tobacco was grown and the colony began to make a profit. Brought more settlers and $
      Must Know
    • New England
      • Pilgrims (1620) were religious dissenters who wanted to separate from the Church of England. They faced fines, imprisonment or death in England for practicing their religion
      • Came for Religious Freedom
    • New England
      • The Pilgrims were headed for Virginia, but were blown off course in a storm, and ended up in Massachusetts
      • Created the Mayflower Compact – a document that says the government gets its power from the people
      Must Know Must Know
    • New England
      • Puritans (1630) also sought religious freedom
      • Wanted to create Cities on a hill – religious cities that would serve as a model for others
      • Covenant Communities
        • intolerant of dissent
      Must Know Must Know
    • New England
      • Puritans were governed by the male members of the church
      • Town meetings – discussions about church rules that eventually became legislative assemblies
      Must Know