Howard1Brandon HowardMrs. TilleryBritish LiteratureOctober 3, 2011                                              Carpentry ...
Howard2preferred. The classes that should be taken in high school are woodworking, mechanicaldrawing, and mathematics clas...
Howard3       Secondly, there are many different types of carpentry involved in the industry. “Thespecialized field of car...
Howard4specifications. All of these types of carpentry have different needs and qualities on order to dothem. Also, each t...
Howard5Sometimes though the mathematics can be more challenging and take a much better, moreexperienced, carpenter to be a...
Howard6                                               Works CitedA, Mark. “Types of Trim Carpentry Tools.”MerchantCircle.N...
Howard7       explain that a roughing carpenter is pre-construction work, and he explained that finish       carpenters ar...
Howard8       article. The information in this article would give anyone basic knowledge or insight to       the world of ...
Howard9Networx Systems LLC, prod. “Types of Wood.” networx.Networx Systems LLC, Sept. 2009.       Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <htt...
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Carpentry reseach paper revised using track changes

  1. 1. Howard1Brandon HowardMrs. TilleryBritish LiteratureOctober 3, 2011 Carpentry “Universally, a carpenter is considered a person who is skilled in constructing objects andbuildings with wood” (Burgess). Carpenters are those who have an expert knowledge of thematerials they use and are very adept with using an array of tools. “Following blueprints or otherspecifications, a carpenter builds, assembles, installs and repairs fixtures and structures that aremade of wood” (McKay). “Carpentry is the art or trade of a carpenter; specifically: the art ofshaping and assembling structural woodwork” (Merriam-Webster). Carpentry has been tracedall the way back to 8000 B.C. in which they used stone axes and other hand tools. The three mainthings that are needed to know in the field of carpentry are the career overview, the differenttypes of carpentry, and the tools they use. First of all, the career overview for anybody entering the field of carpentry is veryimportant. “Carpenters construct, erect, install, and repair structures and fixtures made fromwood and other materials. Carpenters are involved in many different kinds of construction, fromthe building of highways and bridges to the installation of kitchen cabinets” (OccupationalOutlook Handbook). Carpenters work throughout the construction industry. They are the largestgroup of the building trades’ workers. They saw, shape, and fasten wood to build houses andother buildings. They also build cabinets, doors, and other objects made of wood. They work onconstruction sites, inside buildings, in factories, and in small woodworking shops(“Carpenter”).Most carpenters are employed by contractors or builders. A carpenter has certain education andtraining requirements. A carpenter does not have to have a high school diploma although one is
  2. 2. Howard2preferred. The classes that should be taken in high school are woodworking, mechanicaldrawing, and mathematics classes. “The best way to become a carpenter is to complete a union-contractor apprenticeship program” (“Carpenter”). A formal apprenticeship program takes threeto four years to complete. The program consists of about eight thousand hours of on-the-jobtraining and at least 144 hours of classroom instruction for each year of the apprenticeshipprogram. “On the job, apprentices learn the techniques and operations of carpentry fromexperienced carpenters on a less formal basis” (“Carpenter”). After becoming a carpenter thereare other job opportunities available after becoming an experienced carpenter. Almost allcarpenters become contractors after years of experience. America has about 1.2 millionemployed carpenters today. Although the carpentry industry relies heavily on the economicoutlook of America. Depending on the type of carpentry one could work mostly indoors oroutdoors. Carpenters must have a good deal of stamina because their work is active andsomewhat strenuous. Prolonged standing, climbing, bending, and kneeling often are necessary.“Carpenters risk injury working with sharp or rough materials, using sharp tools and powerequipment, and working in situations where they might slip or fall. Consequently, workers in thisoccupation experience a very high incidence of nonfatal injuries and illnesses. Additionally,carpenters who work outdoors are subject to variable weather conditions” (Occupational OutlookHandbook). “Most carpenters work forty-hour weeks. Higher wages are paid for overtime work.Overtime is generally available depending on the job and its deadline for completion. Manycarpenters belong to labor unions” (“Carpenter”). The average pay for a carpenter is about$17.00 per hour. Along with the career overview of carpentry is the different types of carpentryinvolved.
  3. 3. Howard3 Secondly, there are many different types of carpentry involved in the industry. “Thespecialized field of carpenters, while broadly similar across the industry at the beginning of acarpenters career, has different avenues that carpenters can focus on throughout their career.What this means is that a carpenter will pursue kinds of jobs that asks for and develop thevarious skills needed for different levels of carpentry” (Graham). In carpentry there are fivedifferent types or styles..Two main types of carpentry dominate the field of carpentry. Rough andfinish carpenters are the two main types of carpentry. A rough carpenter is usually involved instructural construction work, framing and roofing. Other jobs that a carpenter may have could bepre-construction work, floor construction, frames, insulations, deciphering blueprints,measurements, cutting wood products, assembling wood or metal structures, understanding thetypes of damage that can affect wood, digging post holes, building support structures, andwoodworking. The other main type of carpentry is finish carpenters. “Finish carpenters are theones that work on the style, look and image of a finished structure” (Bradley). The types of jobsthat finish carpenters do are decking, roofing, sidings, interior trimmings, remodeling, drywalldetailing, and intricate woodworks. Rough carpenters are the ones that handle the dirty workwhile finish carpenters clean it up and make it appealing to others. The other types of carpentersare cabinet makers, trim carpentry, and ship carpentry. Cabinet makers make interior cabinets orstorage facilities. Trim carpentry does all the ceiling trimmings, moldings, and windows. Shipcarpentry does nautical woodwork projects and shipbuilding (Graham). “A trim carpenter is aprofessional who specializes in installing trim and molding, such as baseboards, door casings,and mantels. Trim carpentry is known for the precision required to complete tasks properly” (A,Mark). For this reason trim carpenters typically use a large number of highly specialized tools intheir trade. Ship Carpenters build and repair boats according to blueprints and client
  4. 4. Howard4specifications. All of these types of carpentry have different needs and qualities on order to dothem. Also, each type of carpentry needs much of the same and different types of tools to do thejob that is required. Lastly, there are many different types of tools involved in the industry of carpentry.Carpentry tools are tools for carrying out wood work or artistic crafts on wood by carpenters.“Wood working tools help a carpenter or a woodworker in making or repairing objects made ofwood or work done in wood, especially wooden interior fittings in a house, as moldings, doors,staircases, or windowsills” (“Carpentry Tools”). Also, there are an innumerable amount of toolsfor carpentry and are needed to perform carpentry at its best whether in the construction offurniture, building, decorative or other objects. Although, specific crafts and wood work can bemade easy if carried out with woodworking or carpentry tools. Carpentry tools can be dividedinto carious groups for the various amount of tools available based on the criteria of the functionsthat the tools perform. The basic carpentry tools include: carpenters pencil, hammer, drill, saw,tape measurer, and nail bars (Allen). Other carpentry tools can be divided into specific groupsbased on their function. The groups are: measuring tools, cutting tools, fastening tools, drillingtools, woodwork hand tools, and woodwork power tools. The functions of carpentry tools are:measuring and marking, sawing, holding, chiseling, planning, striking, boring, checking,sharpening, lengthening or widening joints, and framing joints. “Carpenters also use a variety ofmathematical tools, such as a right-angle ruler, which may seem unusual to those outside of thefield” (ONeal). “Sometimes the mathematics that carpenters use is relatively easy. Using simplearithmetic, a carpenter can, for example, calculate the number of two by-four studs needed in awall of a given length when the studs are 16 inches apart, being sure to include the extra two-by-fours needed around doors and windows and at the top and bottom of the wall” (O’Neal).
  5. 5. Howard5Sometimes though the mathematics can be more challenging and take a much better, moreexperienced, carpenter to be able to figure out the problem at hand. Fortunately, carpenters havemathematical tools to make most problems easy to figure out and make them very accurate.“One is a carpenters square, which is a right-angle ruler with calibrations that measures angles.The other is a construction calculator, which is programmed to solve construction problems andgives measurements in eighths and sixteenths of inches rather than in decimals” (O’Neal). All ofthese types of carpentry tools help in the field of carpentry and are essential to have for mosttypes of carpentry jobs. The career overview, different types of carpentry, and tools they use are the three thingsthat are needed to know in the field of carpentry. The career overview includes the backgroundinformation, education and training, outlook, working conditions, and earnings. The differenttypes of carpentry are rough carpentry, finish carpentry, cabinet maker, trim carpentry, and shipcarpentry. Also, the types of tools are based upon the function that they perform for variousmethods of carpentry. All in all, these are three basic topics that are needed to know about thefield of carpentry.
  6. 6. Howard6 Works CitedA, Mark. “Types of Trim Carpentry Tools.”MerchantCircle.N.p., 2011. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <>. Mark A explains the style of trim carpentry along with all the tools they use. The article also gives specific definitions for both trim carpentry and for all the tools they use. This article gave specific information about a common type of carpentry and the basic tools they use. The information provided will give greater depth for anyone reading.Allen, Gary. “Carpentry Hand Tools.” carpentry-tips-and-tricks. Gary Allen, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <>. Gary Allen gives tips and descriptions on a wide variety of tools used in many types of carpentry. He gives his own personal insights on most tools. An example of this may be, “I use Staedtler 120-2 Noris HB Pencils. I always keep them really sharp to make sure my marking is accurate”. Along with a brief description he provides a link for each tool for a greater in-depth look. The goal of the information is to provide a clearer understanding of what each tool does and how to use them. Each description provided a greater understanding of each tool and let me know how carpenters do their jobs.Bradley, Dean. “The 5 Types Of Carpentry Specialists.” Melbourne Carpenter. Melbourne Carpenter, 6 Nov. 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. < articles/the-5-types-of-carpentry-specialists/>. Dean Bradley explains the different types of carpentry in the industry. The website gives a complete description of what each type of carpenter does and how they do their job. The website gave two very in depth description about the two biggest types of carpentry and how they differ. He went on to
  7. 7. Howard7 explain that a roughing carpenter is pre-construction work, and he explained that finish carpenters are post-construction work. This excellent website gives insight to the types of carpentry, and I would say is the best source at explaining the types of carpentry.Burgess, Steve. “The History of Carpentry.”Toolbox Renovations.N.p., Aug. 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011. <>.Career Information Center, prod. “Carpenter.”Gale Virtual Reference Library. Ed. Mary Bonk. 9th ed. Vol. 4: Construction ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <>. Mary Bonk’s article includes: Definition and work of being a carpenter, the education and training to become a carpenter, and other aspects of being a carpenter. The overview of her text gives you an idea of what it is like to be a carpenter and what work they would do. This article in Gale Virtual Reference Library gives valuable information that is needed to know if you are researching anything to do with carpentry. Telling a broad overview of the topic in many areas could make others want to become interested in carpentry.“Carpentry Tools.”IndiaMart.IndiaMARTInterMESH Limited, 2011. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <>. The article provided by IndiaMart states the various types of carpentry tools in different categories. The articles tells us how all these various tools are used and why they are used. The article also gives you the function of all carpentry tools such as, “Lengthening/ Widening Joints”. This article is strictly an informational article with no opinions or bias in the
  8. 8. Howard8 article. The information in this article would give anyone basic knowledge or insight to the world of carpentry.Graham, Mariano. “Carpenters industry: types of carpenters.”Free Articles. Articlesbase, 19 Nov. 2009. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. < carpenters-industry-types-of-carpenters-1475445.html>. Mr. Graham states how big of an importance carpentry is to the construction industry, and he also states how they are equally important in residential projects. He goes on to explain the differences in two major types of carpentry that most can be broken down into. The goal of this source is to present knowledge about the two main types of carpentry. This article gave me some information that is on previous sources, but still presents new information in a different and easy to understand way.McKay, Dawn Rosenburg. “Carpenter: Career Information.” About .com Career Planning. The New York Times Company, 2011. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <>. Mr. McKay provides facts and details about the requirements to become a carpenter, along with the outlook and earnings for a carpenter. This article lets the reader know what the career outlook for a carpenter is like. An example of this would be, “Median annual earnings of carpenters were $39,470 and median hourly wages were $18.98 in 2009”. The document provides factual data that is both reliable and useful to the reader. This fits perfectly into my research. I can go back to this site for any amount of information since the source is reliable.Merriam-Webster, prod. “Carpentry.”Merriam-Webster.N.p., 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011. <>.
  9. 9. Howard9Networx Systems LLC, prod. “Types of Wood.” networx.Networx Systems LLC, Sept. 2009. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <>. The article on the website explains the many different varieties of wood that can be used for construction. Also, the article explains the difference in hardwood and softwood. Lastly, the article explains the differences in the two types of lumber. The article is objective in the choosing of a type of wood by saying, “An uneducated choice of wood for a deck, closet or even bookcase can lead to all sorts of problems, from rot to termites”. The information presented in this article is like none other in any other number of sources previously used. This article will be useful in helping me with not only research, but choosing the type of wood for me to use for my own project.Occupational Outlook Handbook, prod. “Carpenters.”Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. 2010-2011 ed. Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections, 17 Dec. 2009. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <>. The occupational hand offers many types of information, such as: Significant points, nature of the work, training, and job outlook. This specific source offers the most information, and goes more in depth than most of the other sources used. Reading about the outlook of the job makes me less likely to pursue a career in carpentry, but still remains a useful tool i would like to learn and have interest in.O’Neal, Michael J. “Carpenter.” Mathematics.Ed. Barry Max Brandenberger. Jr. Vol. 1. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2002. 79. ed. Gale Virtual Reference Library, 15 Sept. 2011. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. < serGroupName=cant48040&tabID=T003&searchId=R1&resultListType=RESULT_LIS
  10. 10. Howard10T&contentSegment=&searchType=BasicSearchForm&currentPosition=6&contentSet=GALE%7CCX3407500046&&docId=GALE|CX3407500046&docType=GALE&role=>.Michael J O’Neal explains the mathematics that go into carpentry. Calculations for everytiny detail must be precise and can sometimes be difficult. An example of this is, “Acarpenter building a staircase is faced with the difficult problem of making sure that eachstep is the same width, that the rise of each step is the same, and that the stairway fits intothe space available without being too steep or too shallow”. The article states thedifficulties of mathematics in carpentry clearly in the article. This will help me to do myproject and be ready to deal with more mathematical problems that may arise.