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# Chords and Intervals

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### Chords and Intervals

1. 1. By: Brandon Gentis Ed 205-01
2. 2. The Root of the Presentation <ul><li>Interval </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Major </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Augmented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diminished </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perfect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chart Showing All 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chords </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Major </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Augmented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diminished </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chord Practice </li></ul><ul><li>About Creator </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Video Demonstrating Chords </li></ul>QUIT
3. 3. Intervals <ul><li>Interval: “any two notes considered in their relationship to one another.” In other words the distance between any two given notes </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: In the C Major scale below, the interval, or distance, between C and D is a 2 nd . </li></ul>C D QUIT
4. 4. Major Intervals <ul><li>Now there are 4 types of intervals: Major, Minor, Augmented, and Diminished. (Major and Minor don’t apply to 4 th , 5 th , or 8ths.) </li></ul><ul><li>Major Intervals are intervals that are comprised of whole steps. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Using the C Major scale from the previous slide, from a C to D is a Major 2 nd (notated: M2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>So all the major intervals in the C Major scale are: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C-D, D-E, F-G, G-A, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A-B </li></ul></ul>QUIT
5. 5. Minor Intervals <ul><li>Minor Intervals are intervals consisting of a half step. </li></ul><ul><li>The intervals shown above are minor seconds. Between E and F is a half step. Same for B and C. (Notated m2). </li></ul><ul><li>**Note a 4 th , 5 th , or 8 th cannot be minor** (will discuss more as we move forward) </li></ul>m2 m2 QUIT
6. 6. Augmented Intervals <ul><li>Augmented Interval: an interval that is a half step greater than the corresponding major or perfect interval. To make the major 3 below an augmented, the top note is raised OR the bottom note (root) is lowered. So E would become E# or the C would become Cb. </li></ul><ul><li>Augmented intervals apply to all intervals </li></ul>QUIT
7. 7. Diminished Intervals <ul><li>Diminished Interval: an interval that is a half step less than the corresponding minor or perfect interval. To make the minor third below a diminished 3 rd , the top note needs to be lowered or the bottom note raised. So The Eb  Ebb OR the C  C# </li></ul><ul><li>Diminished intervals apply to all intervals </li></ul>QUIT
8. 8. Perfect Intervals <ul><li>Perfect Intervals: Perfect intervals are composed of the tonal degrees and only have 3 possible qualities to them: Augmented, Perfect, Diminished. </li></ul><ul><li>To determine if it is Augmented, Perfect, or Diminished you simply look at the root. Then see if the note above it lies within the roots corresponding scale or if it lies ½ step above or below. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(This applies to finding any intervals) </li></ul></ul>QUIT
9. 9. Chart Showing All 5 Combinations QUIT MAJOR (2,3,6,7) PERFECT (4,5,8) ↑ ½ Step AUGMENTED AUGMENTED Diatonic To Major (unaltered) MAJOR PERFECT ↓ ½ Step MINOR DIMINISHED ↓ ½ Step DIMINISHED -----
10. 10. Chords <ul><li>Chords are built on intervals. Just like intervals there are 4 main types of chords </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Major Chords </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minor Chords </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Augmented Chords </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diminished Chords </li></ul></ul>QUIT
11. 11. Major Chords <ul><li>Major Chords consist of a Major 3 rd between the root and third and then a minor 3 rd between the 3 rd and 5 th of the chord. (**Assume all is in Treble Clef**) </li></ul><ul><li>Notice that from the root to the 5 th is Major. This also constitutes to it being a Major Chord </li></ul>To the left is a F Major Chord. From F to A is a Major 3 rd From A to C is a minor 3 rd M3 m3 P5 QUIT
12. 12. Minor Chords <ul><li>Minor Chords are just the opposite of Major Chords. It is a minor 3 rd from the root to the 3 rd and a major 3 rd from the 3 rd to the 5 th . From the root to 5 th is a perfect 5th </li></ul>b To the left is a f minor chord From F to Ab is a minor 3 rd From Ab to C is a Major 3rd QUIT m3 M3 P5
13. 13. Augmented Chords <ul><li>Augmented Chords are chords that consist of a major 3 rd from root to 3 rd and 3 rd to 5 th . From the foot to the 5 th is an augmented 5 th . </li></ul># M3 M3 A5 To the left is a C Augmented Chord (C ⁺). From F to A is a M3 From A to C# is a M3 From F to C# is a A3 QUIT
14. 14. Diminished Chords <ul><li>Diminished Chords: m3 from root to 3 rd , m3 from 3 rd to 5 th and a diminished 5 th from root to the 5 th . </li></ul>b b m3 m3 d5 To the left is a f diminished chord (f ⁰) From F to Ab is a m3 From Ab to Cb is a m3 From F to Cb is a d5 QUIT
15. 15. Chord Identification Rehearsal b b Major Chord Minor Chord Augmented Chord Diminished Chord b Major Chord Minor Chord Augmented Chord Diminished Chord b b b b Major Chord Minor Chord Augmented Chord Diminished Chord Major Chord Minor Chord Augmented Chord Diminished Chord QUIT