What’s a Paragraph
Letter > word > sentence >
paragraph > essay
3 Main Parts of a Paragraph
= main subject + controlling idea
Cars can be used in many different situations.
Cars have changed enormously in the past 50
Page 5: Five Features of a good
1. Guide paragraph – what’s coming
2. Not well-known fact – be interesting!
3. Be specific – contain details
4. But not too specific – if too specific, you
have nothing to write about!
5. Must contain controlling idea
1. Digital cameras
•Have more features than film cameras
Page 3 Activity 1
• Choose the best sentence. Put a check.
Page 6 Activity 3
• Thinking about the previous page, choose the best topic sentences in
• Underline the controlling idea.
2. Dolphins : nature’s most incredible animals
3. Ninio’s Pizzaria : wide selection of foods
4. Snowboarding : interesting history
5. Seashells : great souvenirs
Page 9: Activity 6
• Read the paragraphs, and write a good topic
sentence with controlling idea.
1. If you’re looking for a good way to stay in
shape, running is one of the best exercises
2. Getting a job is difficult, but there are six steps
than can really make it easier for you.
Page 11: Activity 7
• Let’s think about our first paragraph. Choose one the the topics and
brainstorm ideas about the topic. Come up with four ideas about the
• Write a topic sentence about the topic.
• On page 12, write a paragraph.
• Exchange your paragraph with a partner. Read your partner’s paragraph
and ask a question or two about it. Underline your partner’s topic
• Now, return the paragraph. LOOK at your paragraph. Did your partner
underline the correct topic sentence?
•Page 17 Activity 12
•(Look at internet practice icons in
these are related:
•Page 18 Activity 13
•Page 20 Activity 15 (supporting
sentences. Study page 12-13)
•Page 21 Activity 16
• Schedule coming soon
• Unit 1 continued
• Keep writing portfolio
Warm Up –
Take 5 minutes to write about
anything you want in your
Don’t worry about grammar or
Page 17 Language Focus
• Many scientist = many scientists
Activity 12 Editing for Noun Forms
Page 22 Concluding sentences
A concluding sentence wraps up the paragraph. Let’s the reader know
1. Usually last sentence.
2. Let’s reader know you’ve finished.
3. Brings a logical conclusion.
• Restate main idea (but not exactly the same!)
• Offer a suggestion, give opinion, or make a prediction.
Page 22 Continued:
Example: Look at Paragraph 6 (Page 15)
One of my greatest vacations was spent in Washington, D.C.
Clearly, Washington, D.C. has a lot to offer visitors!
Transitions with Concluding Sentences
because of all of this
as a result
Page23 – Activity 17
• Write concluding sentences for the paragraphs on pages 9 &
• What does the sentence do?
Four Features of Well-Written Paragraph
1. Topic sentence states main idea
2. All sentences about one topic
3. First sentence is indented
4. Concluding sentence makes logical conclusion
• Learn how to read carefully, with attention to the details of
a piece of writing (whether their own or another writer's);
• Learn how to strengthen their writing by taking into
account the responses of actual and anticipated readers;
• Make the transition from writing primarily for themselves
or for an instructor to writing for a broader audience-a key
transition for students as they learn to write university-
level papers and as they prepare for post-graduate work;
• Learn how to formulate and communicate constructive
feedback on a peer's work;
• Learn how to gather and respond to feedback on their own