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Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation

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  1. 1. Gender Identity & Sexual Orientation
  2. 2. Challenging Sex & Gender Sex is commonly understood to be based on a person's genitals (clitoris,vagina,penis) and reproductive organs (ovaries,uterus,testicles) Gender is often understood to refer to gender identity or roles and expressions.
  3. 3. Gender Identity ● How one identifies; a person's innate, deeply felt psychological identification as a woman, man, both, neither, or somewhere in between. ● Your gender identity may or may not correspond to your external body or sex assigned at birth, meaning the sex listed on your birth certificate.
  4. 4. Genderqueer: Someone who blurs, rejects, or otherwise transgresses gender norms; also used as a term for someone who rejects the two-gender system. Terms used similarly include gender bender, bigender, beyond binary, third gender, gender fluid (moving freely between genders) “Recently, I have been in the process of informing others of my true gender identity. What I am is androgynous- both man and woman. What my birth sex is, is irrelevant.”
  5. 5. Transsexual A person who lives and/or identifies as a different sex from the one assigned at birth. Julia Serani uses the term to “refer to people who struggle with a subconscious understanding or intuition that there is something 'wrong' with the sex they were assigned at birth and/or who feel that they should have been born as or wish they could be the other sex.”
  6. 6. Process of Changing ● ● Modifying names and/or use of pronouns Hormone therapy ● ● Clothing, make up, and mannerisms to live as the preferred gender Surgery
  7. 7. “There is no doubt that from very early on I knew something was wrong. I was a girl, yet my parents named me John Joseph and insisted that I was a boy.”
  8. 8. Confusing Terms ● ● Many people confuse gender identity and sexual orientation Sexual orientation is about who attracts us.
  9. 9. Whom We Are Attracted To ● ● Bisexual: describes people who are romantically/sexually attracted to both men and women. Gay/Homosexual: describes men who are romantically /sexually attracted to other men. ● ● Lesbian: refers to women who are romantically/ sexually attracted to women. Straight/heterosexual: refers to women who are romantically/ sexually attracted to men and men who are attracted to women.
  10. 10. Historically Negative Terms ● Queer ● ● Dyke ● ● Fag Homo Lesbo
  11. 11. National Coming Out Day Whether you're lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or straight, National Coming Out Day is th October 11 in the United States.
  12. 12. Homophobia is the fear and hatred of people who are attracted to the same sex. “The internalized homophobia- the nagging fears of incompetence, being too different, being unlovable...”
  13. 13. In many places in the United States and around the world, activists are challenging homophobia and transphobia and are achieving positive changes. ● The Think Before You Speak Campaign thinkb4youspeak.com ● ● The National Black Justice Coalition nbjc.org The Policy Institute of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force thetaskforce.org
  14. 14. Which category do you identify/define yourself?