I How to use Wikipedia for academia Kevin Lim • University at Buffalo Cheektowaga Central High School • 13 th  May 2008
Kevin Lim Cyberculture Researcher http://theory.isthereason.com
 
Where do you go when you’re online?
Source: http://xkcd.com/256
<ul><li>Among top 10 most visited websites </li></ul><ul><li>70% of traffic is from search engines </li></ul><ul><li>Cited...
 
What is a Wiki? <ul><li>The first Wiki, WikiWikiWeb, was created by  Ward Cunningham  in 1995  </li></ul><ul><li>Named aft...
Worldwide Participation <ul><li>253 languages </li></ul><ul><li>2 million+ articles in English </li></ul><ul><li>5 million...
It’s kind of a big deal… <ul><li>“ Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the ...
A Culture of Giving <ul><li>Almost no co-ordination of effort </li></ul><ul><li>2% of users (1400 people) make 73.4% of ed...
How do we edit pages on Wikipedia?
Anatomy of Wikipedia:  Normal View * key interaction areas
Anatomy of Wikipedia:  Editing View * key interaction areas
Size of English Wikipedia Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Size_of_English_Wikipedia_in_August_2007.svg
Contents of English Wikipedia (satire!) Source: http://www.qwghlm.co.uk/blog/2007/08/29/what-wikipedia-would-look-like-if-...
How do we know what’s accurate on Wikipedia?
“ Wikipedia is a great place to start,  not end , your research” Dr. Alex Halavais http://alex.halavais.net
The Good Idea: Proper citing of  Wikipedia
Wikipedia pages are dynamic.  They typically change over time.
Wikipedia lets you “Cite this page”.
Offers various citation styles
Wikipedia pages also feature version history .
“ Freeze your reference” by picking your preferred point in history
Cite references using the “permalink” to that point in history
Anatomy of Wikipedia:  Revision View When in doubt, try Wikipedia’s  Revision View
The Better Idea: Going beyond Wikipedia
Wikipedia has numbered citations, linked to references below...
Work from these references. Keep branching outward from there.
Go through references, picking ones you think are great for your paper.
Bates, Marcia J. (1989). “The Design of Browsing and Berrypicking Techniques for the Online Search Interface.”  Online Rev...
Wikipedia is immense.
Take your time to understand the community and culture.
Questions & Answers  hopefully.
References Related Wiki Links Dynamics of Wikipedia, by Su-Liane Yeo (Nov 2007) http://www.slideshare.net/syeo/dynamics-of...
References Related Blog Readings Blogs & Wikis: contributing to the e-dialog Recordings of an ETC Discussion Forum held on...
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I Heart Wikipedia

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A half hour talk for around 80 National Honor students on using Wikipedia effectively for academia. An updated version of this Powerpoint has been uploaded on 5/13/08 at 12.20pm. You can also view the video of this talk at http://theory.isthereason.com/?p=2192

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  • I Heart Wikipedia

    1. 1. I How to use Wikipedia for academia Kevin Lim • University at Buffalo Cheektowaga Central High School • 13 th May 2008
    2. 2. Kevin Lim Cyberculture Researcher http://theory.isthereason.com
    3. 4. Where do you go when you’re online?
    4. 5. Source: http://xkcd.com/256
    5. 6. <ul><li>Among top 10 most visited websites </li></ul><ul><li>70% of traffic is from search engines </li></ul><ul><li>Cited in over 100 U.S. court rulings </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/29/technology/29wikipedia.html </li></ul>We [heart] Wikipedia!
    6. 8. What is a Wiki? <ul><li>The first Wiki, WikiWikiWeb, was created by Ward Cunningham in 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Named after Hawaiian bus service, Wiki Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Allows users to easily create and edit Web pages using any Web browser </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages democratic use of Web </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://wiki.org/wiki.cgi?WhatIsWiki </li></ul>
    7. 9. Worldwide Participation <ul><li>253 languages </li></ul><ul><li>2 million+ articles in English </li></ul><ul><li>5 million articles in languages other than English, accounting for half of all traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Freely -licensed image, video, and sound files on Wikimedia Commons are used across languages </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/List_of_Wikipedias_by_language_family </li></ul>
    8. 10. It’s kind of a big deal… <ul><li>“ Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge. That's what we're doing.” </li></ul><ul><li>– Wikipedia founder, Jimmy Wales </li></ul>Source: Chrys at http://www.flickr.com/photos/chrys/5591867/
    9. 11. A Culture of Giving <ul><li>Almost no co-ordination of effort </li></ul><ul><li>2% of users (1400 people) make 73.4% of edits </li></ul><ul><li>0.7% of users (524 people) make 50% of edits </li></ul><ul><li>But… people who make very, very few edits write most of Wikipedia’s content </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.aaronsw.com/weblog/whowriteswikipedia </li></ul>
    10. 12. How do we edit pages on Wikipedia?
    11. 13. Anatomy of Wikipedia: Normal View * key interaction areas
    12. 14. Anatomy of Wikipedia: Editing View * key interaction areas
    13. 15. Size of English Wikipedia Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Size_of_English_Wikipedia_in_August_2007.svg
    14. 16. Contents of English Wikipedia (satire!) Source: http://www.qwghlm.co.uk/blog/2007/08/29/what-wikipedia-would-look-like-if-on-paper-broken-down/
    15. 17. How do we know what’s accurate on Wikipedia?
    16. 18. “ Wikipedia is a great place to start, not end , your research” Dr. Alex Halavais http://alex.halavais.net
    17. 19. The Good Idea: Proper citing of Wikipedia
    18. 20. Wikipedia pages are dynamic. They typically change over time.
    19. 21. Wikipedia lets you “Cite this page”.
    20. 22. Offers various citation styles
    21. 23. Wikipedia pages also feature version history .
    22. 24. “ Freeze your reference” by picking your preferred point in history
    23. 25. Cite references using the “permalink” to that point in history
    24. 26. Anatomy of Wikipedia: Revision View When in doubt, try Wikipedia’s Revision View
    25. 27. The Better Idea: Going beyond Wikipedia
    26. 28. Wikipedia has numbered citations, linked to references below...
    27. 29. Work from these references. Keep branching outward from there.
    28. 30. Go through references, picking ones you think are great for your paper.
    29. 31. Bates, Marcia J. (1989). “The Design of Browsing and Berrypicking Techniques for the Online Search Interface.” Online Review, 13(5): 407-424. Available here: http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/faculty/bates/berrypicking.html
    30. 32. Wikipedia is immense.
    31. 33. Take your time to understand the community and culture.
    32. 34. Questions & Answers hopefully.
    33. 35. References Related Wiki Links Dynamics of Wikipedia, by Su-Liane Yeo (Nov 2007) http://www.slideshare.net/syeo/dynamics-of-wikipedia/ Wikibooks: How to start a Wiki http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Wiki_Science:How_to_start_a_Wiki Wikipedia: How to Edit a Page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:How_to_edit_a_page Free Wiki has demos, screenshots, and general info on Wikis. http://www.freewiki.info/ A Comprehensive Wiki Comparison Engine http://www.wikimatrix.org/ Using Wiki in Education http://scienceofspectroscopy.info/edit/index.php?title=Using_wiki_in_education
    34. 36. References Related Blog Readings Blogs & Wikis: contributing to the e-dialog Recordings of an ETC Discussion Forum held on September 28th, 2005, provided by Professor Alex Halavais Weblogs and collaborative web publishing as learning spaces. Halavais, A. (In press). In J. Weiss, J. Nolan, and P. Trifonas (Eds.), International Handbook of Virtual Learning Environments. Springer. Handbook for Bloggers and Cyberdissidents Reporters Without Borders. http://www.rsf.org/rubrique.php3?id_rubrique=542 Communities of practice: Learning, meaning, and identity. Cambridge University Press. Wenger, E. (1998).
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