Climate Change
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Climate Change

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Not an environmental problem,

Not an environmental problem,
A social justice problem with environmental causes

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Climate Change Climate Change Presentation Transcript

  • Oct 2013 Climate Change not an environmental problem, a social justice problem with environmental causes Ilias Bartolini @iliasbartolini
  • NASA - http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/ 2
  • Our Home NASA - http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/ 3
  • Charles David Keeling https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_David_Keeling 4
  • Keeling curve http://keelingcurve.ucsd.edu/ 5
  • Keeling curve http://keelingcurve.ucsd.edu/ 6
  • Svante Arrhenius https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svante_Arrhenius 8
  • 14
  • Svante Arrhenius Temperature on earth should be… -18˚C !?! https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svante_Arrhenius 15
  • Greenhouse efect 16
  • Greenhouse efect Gas T Water vapor (H2O) + 30 ˚C Carbon dioxide (CO2) + 2/4 ˚C Methane (CH4) + 0.5 ˚C 19
  • Modeling climate system http://www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/images/ocp2003/ocpfy2003-fg3-3.htm 21
  • Modeling climate system http://celebrating200years.noaa.gov/breakthroughs/climate_model/modeling_schematic.html 22
  • https://class.coursera.org/climatechange-001 23
  • The future? https://class.coursera.org/climatechange-001 24
  • The future? http://www.science.org.au/reports/climatechange2010.pdf 25
  • VULNERABILITY 26
  • Less food produced. Some estimate an aggregate fall of at least 10% https://secure.fickr.com/photos/cgiarclimate/9687145368/ 27
  • 2008 food crisis http://www.economist.com/node/11050146 28
  • Up to 20 million people in low-lying Bangladesh are at risk from rising sea levels in the coming decades https://secure.fickr.com/photos/aftab/152945444/ 29
  • There's no compensation for the disappearance of our country - Tuvalu's UNFCC representative https://secure.fickr.com/photos/oxfamaustralia/8117764040/ 30
  • 15% - 37% of 1103 known endemic plant and animal species will be committed to extinction by 2050 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_toad 31
  • Disappearance of our natural species is an irreversible event - Golden Toad last seen on May 15, 1989 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_toad 32
  • "The impacts of climate change are not evenly distributed - the poorest countries and people will sufer earliest and most" - Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change Pawel Kuczynski 33
  • Per capita GHG emissions (excluding land use change) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:GHG_per_capita_2000_no_LUC.svg 34
  • Per capita CO2 emissions (including land use change) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CO2_responsibility_1950-2000.svg 35
  • Is energy the main the cause? http://keelingcurve.ucsd.edu/ 36
  • US CHG emissions https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CO2_responsibility_1950-2000.svg 37
  • Our habits https://secure.fickr.com/photos/24460199@N07/2316497297/ 38
  • Our habits https://secure.fickr.com/photos/24460199@N07/2316497297/ 39
  • Our habits https://secure.fickr.com/photos/24460199@N07/2316497297/ 40
  • We are not equally responsible We are not equally afected http://www.davidrevoy.com/article58/making-of-yin-yang-of-world-hunger 41
  • Is a social problem! 42
  • Fossil fuels Do the math – 350.org 43
  • Fossil fuels Do the math – 350.org 44
  • Pawel Kuczynski & Do the math – 350.org 45
  • $0 for dumping greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere Pawel Kuczynski & Do the math – 350.org 46
  • $0 for dumping greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere ...for the last 100-ish years Pawel Kuczynski & Do the math – 350.org 47
  • $440,000 for lobbing US congress Pawel Kuczynski & Do the math – 350.org 48
  • $440,000 for lobbing US congress ...every day! Pawel Kuczynski & Do the math – 350.org 49
  • World population Worldmapper.org 53
  • World greenhouse gas emissions Worldmapper.org 54
  • Climate politics 101 “hey! it is more expensive for us” “you should commit and not cheat on your emissions!” Worldmapper.org 55
  • Climate politics 101 “but you polluted for hundreds of years!” “now is our turn, we need to develop our country” Worldmapper.org 56
  • Climate politics 101 “and we are an exporting economy... you are the consumer that is benefiting from our emissions!” Worldmapper.org 57
  • Climate politics 101 “you should not be too strict on us ...amazon is the green lung of earth” Worldmapper.org 58
  • Climate politics 101 “hey, keep calm!” “...there's an interesting green economy business here” Worldmapper.org 59
  • Climate politics 101 “Don't be too harsh... btw I still have some cheap oil to sell” Worldmapper.org 60
  • Climate politics 101 “Don't be too harsh... btw I still have some cheap oil to sell” “Me too!” Worldmapper.org 61
  • Climate politics 101 “Don't be too harsh... btw I still have some cheap oil to sell” “And we got gas!” “Me too!” Worldmapper.org 62
  • Climate politics 101 “While you keep discussing ...our country is going to disappear under sea” Worldmapper.org 63
  • NASA - http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/ 64
  • Tragedy of the commons "is the depletion of a shared resource by individuals, acting independently and rationally according to each one's self-interest" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tragedy_of_the_commons NASA - http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/ 65
  • So how do they take decisions? 66
  • So how do they take decisions? Consensus! https://secure.fickr.com/photos/johnia/2355118699/ 67
  • Inaction advocates and skeptics ● Make the problem uncertain ● Make it just an environmental problem ● Make the solution look expensive ● Tell that "we need an international treaty" as precondition 68
  • https://secure.fickr.com/photos/samuelyoo/8784214176/ 69
  • https://secure.fickr.com/photos/samuelyoo/8784214176/ 70
  • https://secure.fickr.com/photos/samuelyoo/8784214176/ 71
  • Shall we... just wait? Adrian Schiegl – Fragile Situations 72
  • “Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientifc certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-efective measures to prevent environmental degradation.” - Precautionary principle UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Adrian Schiegl – Fragile Situations 73
  • “Climate change is the greatest threat facing humanity. It threatens to undo 50 years of our development work and it will impact the poor in the greatest sense.” - Ban Ki Moon Secretary-General of the United Nations Adrian Schiegl – We will pay back later 77
  • "The inescapable challenges of the early 21st century: sustainability and resilience, and the interconnected challenges of energy, water, food and climate" - Sir John Beddigton UK's chief scientifc adviser Adrian Schiegl – We will pay back later 78
  • Thank you! https://my.thoughtworks.com/groups/climate-change https://my.thoughtworks.com/groups/environmentaljustice CC BY-SA https://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-sa/3.0/ ...and feedback please! :) 79