Climate Change

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Not an environmental problem,
A social justice problem with environmental causes

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Climate Change

  1. 1. Oct 2013 Climate Change not an environmental problem, a social justice problem with environmental causes Ilias Bartolini @iliasbartolini
  2. 2. NASA - http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/ 2
  3. 3. Our Home NASA - http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/ 3
  4. 4. Charles David Keeling https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_David_Keeling 4
  5. 5. Keeling curve http://keelingcurve.ucsd.edu/ 5
  6. 6. Keeling curve http://keelingcurve.ucsd.edu/ 6
  7. 7. Svante Arrhenius https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svante_Arrhenius 8
  8. 8. 14
  9. 9. Svante Arrhenius Temperature on earth should be… -18˚C !?! https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svante_Arrhenius 15
  10. 10. Greenhouse efect 16
  11. 11. Greenhouse efect Gas T Water vapor (H2O) + 30 ˚C Carbon dioxide (CO2) + 2/4 ˚C Methane (CH4) + 0.5 ˚C 19
  12. 12. Modeling climate system http://www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/images/ocp2003/ocpfy2003-fg3-3.htm 21
  13. 13. Modeling climate system http://celebrating200years.noaa.gov/breakthroughs/climate_model/modeling_schematic.html 22
  14. 14. https://class.coursera.org/climatechange-001 23
  15. 15. The future? https://class.coursera.org/climatechange-001 24
  16. 16. The future? http://www.science.org.au/reports/climatechange2010.pdf 25
  17. 17. VULNERABILITY 26
  18. 18. Less food produced. Some estimate an aggregate fall of at least 10% https://secure.fickr.com/photos/cgiarclimate/9687145368/ 27
  19. 19. 2008 food crisis http://www.economist.com/node/11050146 28
  20. 20. Up to 20 million people in low-lying Bangladesh are at risk from rising sea levels in the coming decades https://secure.fickr.com/photos/aftab/152945444/ 29
  21. 21. There's no compensation for the disappearance of our country - Tuvalu's UNFCC representative https://secure.fickr.com/photos/oxfamaustralia/8117764040/ 30
  22. 22. 15% - 37% of 1103 known endemic plant and animal species will be committed to extinction by 2050 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_toad 31
  23. 23. Disappearance of our natural species is an irreversible event - Golden Toad last seen on May 15, 1989 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_toad 32
  24. 24. "The impacts of climate change are not evenly distributed - the poorest countries and people will sufer earliest and most" - Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change Pawel Kuczynski 33
  25. 25. Per capita GHG emissions (excluding land use change) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:GHG_per_capita_2000_no_LUC.svg 34
  26. 26. Per capita CO2 emissions (including land use change) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CO2_responsibility_1950-2000.svg 35
  27. 27. Is energy the main the cause? http://keelingcurve.ucsd.edu/ 36
  28. 28. US CHG emissions https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CO2_responsibility_1950-2000.svg 37
  29. 29. Our habits https://secure.fickr.com/photos/24460199@N07/2316497297/ 38
  30. 30. Our habits https://secure.fickr.com/photos/24460199@N07/2316497297/ 39
  31. 31. Our habits https://secure.fickr.com/photos/24460199@N07/2316497297/ 40
  32. 32. We are not equally responsible We are not equally afected http://www.davidrevoy.com/article58/making-of-yin-yang-of-world-hunger 41
  33. 33. Is a social problem! 42
  34. 34. Fossil fuels Do the math – 350.org 43
  35. 35. Fossil fuels Do the math – 350.org 44
  36. 36. Pawel Kuczynski & Do the math – 350.org 45
  37. 37. $0 for dumping greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere Pawel Kuczynski & Do the math – 350.org 46
  38. 38. $0 for dumping greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere ...for the last 100-ish years Pawel Kuczynski & Do the math – 350.org 47
  39. 39. $440,000 for lobbing US congress Pawel Kuczynski & Do the math – 350.org 48
  40. 40. $440,000 for lobbing US congress ...every day! Pawel Kuczynski & Do the math – 350.org 49
  41. 41. World population Worldmapper.org 53
  42. 42. World greenhouse gas emissions Worldmapper.org 54
  43. 43. Climate politics 101 “hey! it is more expensive for us” “you should commit and not cheat on your emissions!” Worldmapper.org 55
  44. 44. Climate politics 101 “but you polluted for hundreds of years!” “now is our turn, we need to develop our country” Worldmapper.org 56
  45. 45. Climate politics 101 “and we are an exporting economy... you are the consumer that is benefiting from our emissions!” Worldmapper.org 57
  46. 46. Climate politics 101 “you should not be too strict on us ...amazon is the green lung of earth” Worldmapper.org 58
  47. 47. Climate politics 101 “hey, keep calm!” “...there's an interesting green economy business here” Worldmapper.org 59
  48. 48. Climate politics 101 “Don't be too harsh... btw I still have some cheap oil to sell” Worldmapper.org 60
  49. 49. Climate politics 101 “Don't be too harsh... btw I still have some cheap oil to sell” “Me too!” Worldmapper.org 61
  50. 50. Climate politics 101 “Don't be too harsh... btw I still have some cheap oil to sell” “And we got gas!” “Me too!” Worldmapper.org 62
  51. 51. Climate politics 101 “While you keep discussing ...our country is going to disappear under sea” Worldmapper.org 63
  52. 52. NASA - http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/ 64
  53. 53. Tragedy of the commons "is the depletion of a shared resource by individuals, acting independently and rationally according to each one's self-interest" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tragedy_of_the_commons NASA - http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/ 65
  54. 54. So how do they take decisions? 66
  55. 55. So how do they take decisions? Consensus! https://secure.fickr.com/photos/johnia/2355118699/ 67
  56. 56. Inaction advocates and skeptics ● Make the problem uncertain ● Make it just an environmental problem ● Make the solution look expensive ● Tell that "we need an international treaty" as precondition 68
  57. 57. https://secure.fickr.com/photos/samuelyoo/8784214176/ 69
  58. 58. https://secure.fickr.com/photos/samuelyoo/8784214176/ 70
  59. 59. https://secure.fickr.com/photos/samuelyoo/8784214176/ 71
  60. 60. Shall we... just wait? Adrian Schiegl – Fragile Situations 72
  61. 61. “Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientifc certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-efective measures to prevent environmental degradation.” - Precautionary principle UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Adrian Schiegl – Fragile Situations 73
  62. 62. “Climate change is the greatest threat facing humanity. It threatens to undo 50 years of our development work and it will impact the poor in the greatest sense.” - Ban Ki Moon Secretary-General of the United Nations Adrian Schiegl – We will pay back later 77
  63. 63. "The inescapable challenges of the early 21st century: sustainability and resilience, and the interconnected challenges of energy, water, food and climate" - Sir John Beddigton UK's chief scientifc adviser Adrian Schiegl – We will pay back later 78
  64. 64. Thank you! https://my.thoughtworks.com/groups/climate-change https://my.thoughtworks.com/groups/environmentaljustice CC BY-SA https://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-sa/3.0/ ...and feedback please! :) 79

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