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Vintage Illinois
 

Vintage Illinois

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    Vintage Illinois Vintage Illinois Presentation Transcript

    • Vintage Illinois:History, development, and wines
    • Eastern U.S. history
      Wine production and early settlements
      Production of goods for use, trade by England
      Silk, oils, wine, tobacco
      European grapes failed repeatedly
      Native species
      Poor yields, strange quality
      mid-1800’s
      Emergence of chance V. labrusca hybrids
      ‘Concord’, ‘Delaware’, ‘Catawba’
    • Illinois history
      Labrusca hybrids catalyzed the industry
      Grape production common
      Mostly fresh, jelly, juice
      Commercial wineries?
    • Oldest Illinois Winery
      Baxter’s Vineyards, Nauvoo 1855
      Icarians (French)
      Concord, Niagara, Catawba
      $0.25/gal.
      500-600 acres
      Many others around IL, but little documentation
    • 1900 Census
    • Post-prohibition
      Industry still recovering
      Farmers turned to other crops
      Intense regulation of alcohol-related business
      Vineyards take 3-5 years to develop fruit
      Financial stress
      Political stress
      Change in consumer preferences
      Pre- 3:1 dry to sweet
      Post- 1:3 dry to sweet
    • European hybrids
      1900 – 1950
      New grape varieties emerged
      Seyval blanc, Villard noir, Villard blanc
      Vidal blanc, Chancellor, Chambourcin
      Marechal Foch, Leon Millot
      Selected for phylloxera resistance and
      wine quality
      Cold-tolerance added benefit to eastern U.S.
    • European hybrids
      Backbone of modern eastern U.S. industry
      Not ‘Concord’-like
      Moderately cold-tolerant
      Disease tolerant
      Productive
    • 1990’s
      Established cultivar trials around the state, including UIUC
      Established grape and wine resources council
      Enology and viticulture specialists
      Emphasis on the promotion of new growers, winemakers
    • Illinois terroir
      Continental climate
      Cold winters, hot summers
      Major challenges
      Disease pressure
      Hot, humid summers
      Rainfall
      Minimum winter temp
      Spring frost
      Lack of elevated sites
      Rich, fertile, deep soils
      Vigorous vegetative growth
    • Industry development
      Year
      # of Vines
      Acres
      1900
      1986
      1999
      2005
      3,008,000
      23,000
      215,160
      660,000
      5400
      38
      326
      1100
    • Illinois wine
      77 Wineries
      Wines
      Fruit, mead
      Labrusca
      French-American hybrids
      New hybrids
      Cornell, UMN
      Vinifera
      Wide variety of styles
    • New Cultivars
      V. vinifera
      2000+ yr. head start
      Sources
      Academic and private breeders
      Very little data,
      recommendations available
    • Consumer Acceptance
      Development of new hybrid wine enthusiasts
      Traditionalists
      Want wines to taste like Chardonnay, Cabernet
      Labrusca fans
      Want wines to taste like grandpa’s
      Agritourism
      Attach experience to product
      Market locally
    • Illinois wine grape varieties
      Labrusca grapes
      Concord, Catawba,
      Niagara, Delaware
      Grown throughout IL
      Wine styles
      Sweet, dessert
    • Illinois wine grape varieties
      Vinifera grapes
      Chardonnay,
      Cabernet franc
      Viognier, Syrah
      Southern Illinois
      Minimal acreage, but on the rise
    • Illinois wine grape varieties
      Hybrids
      Reds
      Chambourcin, Norton/Cynthiana, Chancellor, Noiret, Corot Noir, Leon Millot, Marechal Foch, Marquette, Frontenac
      Whites
      Vignoles, Seyval blanc, Chardonel, Traminette, Vidal blanc, Valvin Muscat, Edelweiss, St. Pepin, La Crescent, Frontenac gris
    • Chardonel
      Hybrid of Chardonnay and Seyval blanc
      Crisp acidity
      Citrus aromas
      Oaked or unoaked, dessert
      Pairs similar to Chardonnay
    • Seyval blanc
      Wine style varies
      Typical peach character
      Can include tropical fruit and grassiness
      Sauvignon blanc
      Pairing depends on style
      Seafood, salad
      Mahi Mahi with Mango sauce
    • Traminette
      Gewurztraminer descendent
      Intense floral aromas
      Citrus notes
      Best with spicy foods
      Thai, Vietnamese
      Original cross made by Herb Barret at UIUC in 1965
    • Frontenac
      Grown more in northern ½ of Illinois
      Versatile
      Red, rose, sparkling, dessert
      Outstanding Port-style wines
      Garnet color
      Distinct cherry nose
      Low tannin, crisp acidity
      Chocolate desserts
    • Cabernet Franc
      True Vitisvinifera
      Bordeaux, Loire
      Grown in southern IL
      Dry table wine
      Moderate color
      Dark fruit, black pepper
      Great structure and tannin
      Pairing: Beef, lamb, rich foods
    • Chambourcin
      The premier red wine grape of southern Illinois
      Shawnee Hills AVA
      Versatile
      Dry, sweet, port
      Cherry/tobacco nose
      Low tannin
      Best with parmesan pastas, lean red meats, BBQ
    • Norton
      Native American Grape
      1873
      “Best red wine of all nations”
      Vienna international competition
      Small cluster, berry size
      Very dark red wine
      Dark fruit, rich pipe tobacco, smoke
      Great with rich, smoky meats
    • Thanks!
      www.illinoiswine.com