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Vintage Illinois
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Vintage Illinois

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Vintage Illinois Vintage Illinois Presentation Transcript

  • Vintage Illinois:History, development, and wines
  • Eastern U.S. history
    Wine production and early settlements
    Production of goods for use, trade by England
    Silk, oils, wine, tobacco
    European grapes failed repeatedly
    Native species
    Poor yields, strange quality
    mid-1800’s
    Emergence of chance V. labrusca hybrids
    ‘Concord’, ‘Delaware’, ‘Catawba’
  • Illinois history
    Labrusca hybrids catalyzed the industry
    Grape production common
    Mostly fresh, jelly, juice
    Commercial wineries?
    View slide
  • Oldest Illinois Winery
    Baxter’s Vineyards, Nauvoo 1855
    Icarians (French)
    Concord, Niagara, Catawba
    $0.25/gal.
    500-600 acres
    Many others around IL, but little documentation
    View slide
  • 1900 Census
  • Post-prohibition
    Industry still recovering
    Farmers turned to other crops
    Intense regulation of alcohol-related business
    Vineyards take 3-5 years to develop fruit
    Financial stress
    Political stress
    Change in consumer preferences
    Pre- 3:1 dry to sweet
    Post- 1:3 dry to sweet
  • European hybrids
    1900 – 1950
    New grape varieties emerged
    Seyval blanc, Villard noir, Villard blanc
    Vidal blanc, Chancellor, Chambourcin
    Marechal Foch, Leon Millot
    Selected for phylloxera resistance and
    wine quality
    Cold-tolerance added benefit to eastern U.S.
  • European hybrids
    Backbone of modern eastern U.S. industry
    Not ‘Concord’-like
    Moderately cold-tolerant
    Disease tolerant
    Productive
  • 1990’s
    Established cultivar trials around the state, including UIUC
    Established grape and wine resources council
    Enology and viticulture specialists
    Emphasis on the promotion of new growers, winemakers
  • Illinois terroir
    Continental climate
    Cold winters, hot summers
    Major challenges
    Disease pressure
    Hot, humid summers
    Rainfall
    Minimum winter temp
    Spring frost
    Lack of elevated sites
    Rich, fertile, deep soils
    Vigorous vegetative growth
  • Industry development
    Year
    # of Vines
    Acres
    1900
    1986
    1999
    2005
    3,008,000
    23,000
    215,160
    660,000
    5400
    38
    326
    1100
  • Illinois wine
    77 Wineries
    Wines
    Fruit, mead
    Labrusca
    French-American hybrids
    New hybrids
    Cornell, UMN
    Vinifera
    Wide variety of styles
  • New Cultivars
    V. vinifera
    2000+ yr. head start
    Sources
    Academic and private breeders
    Very little data,
    recommendations available
  • Consumer Acceptance
    Development of new hybrid wine enthusiasts
    Traditionalists
    Want wines to taste like Chardonnay, Cabernet
    Labrusca fans
    Want wines to taste like grandpa’s
    Agritourism
    Attach experience to product
    Market locally
  • Illinois wine grape varieties
    Labrusca grapes
    Concord, Catawba,
    Niagara, Delaware
    Grown throughout IL
    Wine styles
    Sweet, dessert
  • Illinois wine grape varieties
    Vinifera grapes
    Chardonnay,
    Cabernet franc
    Viognier, Syrah
    Southern Illinois
    Minimal acreage, but on the rise
  • Illinois wine grape varieties
    Hybrids
    Reds
    Chambourcin, Norton/Cynthiana, Chancellor, Noiret, Corot Noir, Leon Millot, Marechal Foch, Marquette, Frontenac
    Whites
    Vignoles, Seyval blanc, Chardonel, Traminette, Vidal blanc, Valvin Muscat, Edelweiss, St. Pepin, La Crescent, Frontenac gris
  • Chardonel
    Hybrid of Chardonnay and Seyval blanc
    Crisp acidity
    Citrus aromas
    Oaked or unoaked, dessert
    Pairs similar to Chardonnay
  • Seyval blanc
    Wine style varies
    Typical peach character
    Can include tropical fruit and grassiness
    Sauvignon blanc
    Pairing depends on style
    Seafood, salad
    Mahi Mahi with Mango sauce
  • Traminette
    Gewurztraminer descendent
    Intense floral aromas
    Citrus notes
    Best with spicy foods
    Thai, Vietnamese
    Original cross made by Herb Barret at UIUC in 1965
  • Frontenac
    Grown more in northern ½ of Illinois
    Versatile
    Red, rose, sparkling, dessert
    Outstanding Port-style wines
    Garnet color
    Distinct cherry nose
    Low tannin, crisp acidity
    Chocolate desserts
  • Cabernet Franc
    True Vitisvinifera
    Bordeaux, Loire
    Grown in southern IL
    Dry table wine
    Moderate color
    Dark fruit, black pepper
    Great structure and tannin
    Pairing: Beef, lamb, rich foods
  • Chambourcin
    The premier red wine grape of southern Illinois
    Shawnee Hills AVA
    Versatile
    Dry, sweet, port
    Cherry/tobacco nose
    Low tannin
    Best with parmesan pastas, lean red meats, BBQ
  • Norton
    Native American Grape
    1873
    “Best red wine of all nations”
    Vienna international competition
    Small cluster, berry size
    Very dark red wine
    Dark fruit, rich pipe tobacco, smoke
    Great with rich, smoky meats
  • Thanks!
    www.illinoiswine.com