Tobacco – Facts Numbers = Facts: 6,000 teens light up first cig everyday 3,000 become regular smokers Approximately 9 in 10 adult smokers start as teens 1/3 will eventually die from smoking related causes. About 2.6 million packs are illegally sold to minors everyday. 420,000 Americans die from smoking per year
Tobacco – What’s Inside What is Nicotine: addictive drug in cigs and a stimulant which increases action of the CNS. It is used in insecticide What is Tar: thick, sticky dark fluid produced when tobacco burns. Contains carcinogens: cancer-causing substances.
Tobacco – What’s Happening Tar & drying effect of smoking paralyzes or destroys cilia that work to keep respiratory tract clear Carbon Monoxide: Colorless, odorless, poisonous gas in cigarette smoke. Auto fumes. Contain formaldehyde, paint, toilet cleaner, antifreeze chemicals
Tobacco – Smokeless Smokeless Tobacco Tobacco sniffed through nose or chewed Over 12 million Americans use regularly Start at age 13-15 Addictive drug is nicotine Mouth sores, cancer of lip, mouth or throat Damage to teeth and gums Damage to digestive system
Tobacco – Smokeless Smokeless Tobacco 7,800 oral cancer deaths per year Leukoplakia: Thickened, white leathery spots on inside of mouth 30,200 new cases per year Discovered too late = only 50% survive 5 yrs or more
Tobacco – Diseases Respiratory Diseases Chronic Bronchitis: Bronchi irritated Emphysema: Destruction of tiny air sacs in lungs that allow gas exchange (O2 vs. CO2) Lung Cancer: direct link to smoking Leading cause cancer death in males Over 157,000 deaths 2003 Over 171,900 new cases reported per year
Tobacco – Diseases Circulatory Diseases Nicotine = Plaque buildup in blood vessels Increased risk of arteriosclerosis/atherosclerosis Hardened arteries Increased risk of heart attack and stroke Smoking during Pregnancy = Small fetal growth, spontaneous abortion/prenatal death, and stillbirths Growth, developmental, intellectual and behavioral problems
Tobacco – Nonsmoker Effects to nonsmoker Passive smoke: Smoke inhaled by nonsmoker and that remains in area after smoker done Includes mainstream and sidestream smoke Mainstream smoke: Smoke the smoker blows off Sidestream smoke: Smoke from burning tobacco
Tobacco – Rights Rights of Nonsmoker Ask others not to smoke around you Choose places that are smoke free Ask people not to smoke in your home Ask people not to smoke at public meetings or events you attend
Tobacco – “JUST SAY NO” Be tobacco free!!!!!!!! FIRST OF ALL: DON’T START!!!!! Nicotine Withdrawal: Occurs when nicotine no longer used Nervous, moody, difficulty sleeping Not long lasting
Tobacco – Treatments Treatments Filters: Reduce tar & nicotine gradually Nicotine Substitutes: Deliver small amounts of nicotine while user trying to quit. Gum = Over the counter Patch = Dr. prescription Nasal Spray = Dr. prescription and faster Learn stress management skills to deal!