US History Timeline 1850 1654 1862Soddy: Longhorn: Homestead Act:Warm in the winter During the Law enacted inand cool in the California Gold 1862, that providedsummer.Soddies Rush, some hardy 160 acres in thewere small, cattlemen on West to any citizenhowever, and horseback braved a or intended citizenoffered little light long trek, or drive, who was head ofor air. They were through a Aacah the household andhavens for snakes, territory and would cultivate theinsects, and other across the desert land for 5 years.pests. Although to $25-$125 afireproof, they head for theirleaked continuously cattle.when it rained.
Buffalo Soldiers: Great Plains: Originally members The new railroads of the US 10th across the plains cavalry regiment of brought hunters the US Army. who killed all the bison. 1864 1866 1868 1870Sand Creek Sitting Bull:Massacre: Leader of theKilled over 150 Hunkpapa Sioux,inhabitants, mostly never signedwomen and Treaty of Fortchildren. Laramie. Treaty of Laramie was forced on the leaders of Sioux.
1870 1874 1876 1876Grange: Oliver Kelly; Battle of Little Big George Armstrong Horn:An organization of Custer: Started thefarmers, original Patrons of The fight betweenpurpose was to Reported that the Husbandry, an Cheyanne andprovide a social black hills had gold organization for Arapaho tribesoutlet and an “from the grass farmers that against the 7theducational forum roots down”, a gold became popularly cavalry regiment offor isolated farm rush was on. known as the the US army.families. Grange.
Wounded Knee: The 7th cavalry “cross of gold rounded up about speech”: 350 starving and freezing Sioux and Delivered by William took them to a Jennings Bryan at camp at Wounded the Democratic Knee Creek in National Convention South Dakota. in Chicago. 1887 1890 1892 1892Dawes Act: Omaha Platform: The party programCongress passed adopted thethis act in 1887aiming to formative convention of the“Americanize” the populist party heldNative Americans. in Omaha, Nebraska.
Collective Bargaining: Negation between representatives of labor and Eugene Vs. Debs: management to reach written Attempted to form agreements on such an industrial wages, hours, and union-the American working conditions. railway union. 1890 1890 1890 1894 1901Vanderbilt Family: Sherman Anti-trust Monopoly:An American family Act: Complete controlof railroad Made it illegal to over its industry’snotability who form a trust that population, wages,became socially interfered with or prices.prominent during free trade betweenthe first half of free states orthe 19th century. other countries.
Social Darwinism:Book “Origin ofSpecies” waspublished. John D.Discussed his Alexander Graham Rockefeller:observations that Bell:some individuals of Established thea species flourish standard Oil Unveiled the mostand pass their Company who took dramatic invention,traits onto the a different the telephone,next generations approach to along with Thomaswhile others do not. mergers. Watson. 1859 1865 1870 1871 1876 Andrew Carnegie: Trust: Was busy managing Not legal mergers, the money he however, the earned individends companies were that he happily left entitled to dividens his job at the on profits earned Pennsylvania by the trust. Railroad.
Mugwumps: Republican political activist who bolted from the US Republican Party byTelephone: supporting the Samuel Gompers:Most dramatic Democratic Led the cigarinvention unveiled candidate Grover makers’by Alexander Cleveland in the US international unionGraham Bell and presidential to join with otherThomas Watson. election. craft unions. 1876 1876 1884 1885 1886 Thomas Alva Culture Shock: Edison: The personal Became a pioneer disorientation a on the new person may feel industrial frontier when experiencing when he an unfamiliar way established the of life due to world’s first immigration or a research lab in visit to a new Menio Park, New country. Jersey.
Civil Service: Government Tammany Hall: administration jobs NYC’s powerful should go to the democratic political most qualified machine. persons. 1860 1868 1870 1870 1875Gilded Age: Jacob Riis: Graft:The period A Danish American The legal use offollowing the Civil social reformer political influenceWar. “muckraking” for personal gain. journalist and social documentary photographer.
Settlement House: Reformers established this Kickback: houses community Illegal payments centers in slum for their services neighborhoods that enriched the provided assistance political machines to people in the and individual areas especially politicians. immigrants. 1869 1890 1879 1884 1885George Dumbbell Political Machine:Westinghouse: Tenements: Offered servicesAnd American Law required that to voters andentrepreneur every inhabitable businesses inengineer who room have a window exchange forinvented the opening. political or financialrailway air break support.and was a pioneerof the electricalindustry.
Jane Adams: A pioneer Melting Pot: settlement worker A mixture of people founder of Hull of different House in Chicago, cultures and races public philosopher, who blended sociologist, author, together by and leader in woman abandoning their suffrage and world native language and peace. customs. 1889 1889 1940 1890 1892Urbanization: Angel Island: Ellis Island:Growth of cities Asians, primaraly Immigrationtechnological boom Chinese, arriving on station.in the 19th century. the West Coast gained administration here in San Francisco Bay.
Fredrick Law Olmsted: A landscape Ida B. Wells:Ragtime: architect who Born in slavery, spear headed the moved to Memphis.A blend of African movement for Worked as aAmerican planned urban teacher, laterspiritualists and parks. became an editorEuropean musicalforms. of a local paper. 1800 1866 1857 1867 1869 Vaudeville: Grandfather Clause: Performances that included song, Several Southern dance, juggling, slap states added this stick comedy and to their sometimes chorus constitutions, lines of female stated that even if performances. a man failed the literacy test or could not afford the poll tax he was still entitled to vote.
Booker T.Washington:The prominent Haymarket Affair:African Americaneducator believed Refers to the Robber Barons:that racism would aftermath of aend once blacks bombing that took Businessmen usedacquired useful place at the labor to amass theirneighbor skills. demonstrations. wealth. 1881 1883 1886 1888 1890 Joseph Pultizer: George Eastman: A Hungarian Developed a series immigrant who of more convenient pioneered popular alternatives to the inventions. heavy glass plates previously used.
Orville and WilburWright: WEB Dubois:Brothers bicycle William Randolph The first Africanmanufacturers Hearst: American tofrom Dayton, Ohio. receive a doctorate Purchased the NYExperimented with from Harvard. morning journal.new inventions. 1903 1895 1895 1896 1905 Literacy Test: Plessy vs. Ferguson: The test people Supreme Court had to take to be ruled that the able to vote. super intendant of races in public accommodations was legal and did not violate the 14th amendment.
Sources: Thank you to Google Images and Wikipedia for all my pictures and some of my definitions. THE END!!!!