PBIS Sustainability Emily Robb firstname.lastname@example.org Adapted from John Beach Kent McIntosh
Top 10 ReasonsPBIS Implementation gets Bogged Down Pam Hallvik1. Lack of continuous administrative support & involvement.2. Lack of awareness and understanding that staff set and change culture in schools.3. Lack of understanding commitment and “buy-in” from staff.4. Lack of understanding that academic success is driven by school culture.5. Not working through the PBIS processes on a consistent basis as a team.6. Taking on too much too fast (generally with positive intentions).7. Inconsistency of implementation by staff.8. Looking for the negative vs. looking for positives in student behavior.9. Focusing only on the high risk students.10. Not tracking, reporting out, and responding to school behavior data.
Sustainability Survey 2010 Most Important Factors Concerning Sustainability: Staff and administrative buy-in Systematic collection and use of data Leadership Significant Barriers: Time (for team meetings, data review, training) Lack of staff buy-in Funding/resources
Most important features for sustainability1. School administrators actively support PBIS.2. School administrators describes PBIS as a top priority for the school.3. A school administrator regularly attends and participates in PBIS team meetings.4. The PBIS school team is well organized and operates efficiently.5. The school administrators ensure that the PBIS team has regularly scheduled time to meet.
More important to sustainabilitythan initial implementation• Parents are actively involved in the PBIS effort (e.g., as part of team or district committee).• PBIS is viewed as a part of systems already in use (as opposed to being an “add-on” system).• PBIS has been integrated into new school or district initiatives.• A vast majority of school personnel (80% or more) support PBIS.
Four Principles for EnhancingSustainability of PBIS Promote priority Ensure effectiveness Increase efficiency Use data for continuous regeneration
Promoting priority Maximize visibility. Present data to people with resources. Describe effects of abandoning support for the practice. Get into written policy. Braid project with other initiatives. Show how practice can lead to outcomes of new initiatives.
Ensuring effectiveness Focus on fidelity of implementation. Implement in all settings. Implement all tiers of support. Consider family trainings. Share data showing how fidelity is related to effects.
Increasing efficiency Get it down on paper Lesson plans Schedules Agendas Focus on efficient team meetings
Make SW-PBS Easier to do Handbook Description of SW-PBS core ideas School-wide Behavioral Expectations Teaching matrix Teaching plans and teaching schedule Reward system and strategies Major/minor definitions Policies Office referral form Data collection and system review
Make SW-PBS Easier to do Teaming System Regular meeting schedule and process Regular schedule for annual planning/training Annual Calendar of Activities Timeline On-going coaching support
Using data for continuous regeneration Adjust practices for a changing environment while keeping critical features intact.
Cautions for continuous regeneration When you keep it fresh… Consider the critical features of what makes PBIS effective Reward systems – recognition of success Not a scrap of paper without recognition Not insincere praise Not the same for everyone!
Create a plan to sustain
1. Start with the end• Let the desired outcomes drive the selection of practices.• Identify the valued outcomes for everyone.• Remember that no one has ever been bullied or nagged into long-term sustainability.• Measure and use data in decision making.
2. Positions not people If the fidelity drops, the effects stop. Plan for your champions to move on/up. Focus on POSITIONS, not PERSONS. Create positions tied to the practice: Titles Job Descriptions FTEs
3. If you keep doing what you’redoing, you may not keep getting what you’re getting Environments change. Adjust to those changes. New ideas, keep the practice novel. Spread the practice… To new settings To new systems