Progressive Policies

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Progressive Policies

  1. 1. Progressive Policies<br />
  2. 2. Theodore Roosevelt<br />Rise to the presidency<br />Graduated from Harvard <br />Studied Law at Columbia then elected to the New York State Assembly <br />Spent 3 years in the Assembly<br />Moved to a Ranch in the West<br />New York City’s Board of Police Commission <br />1898 resigned post to form the Rough Riders<br />Governor of New York<br />Elected as McKinley’s running mate in 1900<br />
  3. 3. Rough Riders<br />cowboys, gold or mining prospectors, hunters, gamblers, Native Americans and college boys<br />Mostly from Arizona, New Mexico, and Oklahoma, and college students<br />Roosevelt led the charge at San Juan Heights<br />Result of the war led to America acquiring Cuba, Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam <br />Why was this significant? <br />
  4. 4. Presidency<br />Mckinley assassinated in early 1900 <br /> Young and Charismatic <br />Expanded the power of the presidency<br />Brought Progressive movements to the presidency<br />Square Deal<br />Goals were to keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor<br />Bust up illegal monopolies and reduce abusive business practices <br />
  5. 5. Labor Issues <br />Coal Miners went on strike in Pennsylvania <br />Roosevelt wanted the strike ended quickly<br />Steady supply of coal was necessary to keep factories open<br />Miners refused to return to work even after Roosevelt pleaded with them<br />Roosevelt threatened to send in troops to put down the strike<br />Why is this significant? <br />
  6. 6. Railroads<br />Elkins Act in 1903<br />Imposed fines on railroads that gave special rates to favored shippers<br />Hepburn Act<br />Gave the ICC the teeth to regulate private railroads and make the system more fair <br />The government had the ability to set and limit shipping costs<br />
  7. 7. Trustbusters<br />Northern Securities Company<br />A big railroad company that was considered an illegal trust by Roosevelt<br />Broker the company up into smaller companies<br />Good and Bad Trusts<br />Big business was not always bad as long as they dealt fairly with their consumers<br />
  8. 8. Food Inspections<br />Meat Inspection Act<br />Provided federal agents to inspect any meat sold across state line<br />Required federal processing procedures<br />Pure Food and Drug and Act<br />Banned interstate shipment of impure food and the mislabeling of food and drugs<br />FDA still enforces these laws today<br />
  9. 9. Environmentalist<br />John Muir<br />Yosemite National Park<br />Roosevelt believed that some land should be saved while others contained valuable natural resources<br />Giford Pinchot<br />Protect the forests not for the wilderness itself but so that over time people could use the resources such as timber<br />National Reclamation Act<br />Gave the government the power to redistribute water and develop reservoirs <br />

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