Musical Theater and "The Phantom of the Opera"


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An overview and notes on a 7th Grade Music Class unit on Musical Theater and "The Phantom of the Opera"

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Musical Theater and "The Phantom of the Opera"

  2. 2. UNIT OVERVIEW <ul><li>What is a musical? </li></ul><ul><li>The People </li></ul><ul><li>The Places </li></ul><ul><li>How it all fits together </li></ul><ul><li>Applying these facts to a musical (“The Phantom of the Opera”) </li></ul><ul><li>Creating your own musical scenes </li></ul><ul><li>Putting it all together (Assessment) </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a musical? <ul><li>a play or motion picture in which the story line is interspersed with or developed by songs, dances, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of the lines are sung </li></ul><ul><li>Feature songs (solos, production numbers) </li></ul><ul><li>Acts and Scenes </li></ul>
  4. 4. Putting Together a Musical <ul><li>Does not happen overnight </li></ul><ul><li>Takes MANY people and a lot of time to put together </li></ul><ul><li>Can be started by anyone, not just the composer </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Creative Team <ul><li>2. Choreographer </li></ul><ul><li>4. Composer </li></ul><ul><li>5. Director </li></ul><ul><li>11. Lyricist </li></ul><ul><li>13. Music Director </li></ul><ul><li>16. Producer </li></ul>
  6. 6. Performance Spaces <ul><li>Stage Manager – oversees all stage activities </li></ul><ul><li>Set – Where </li></ul><ul><li>Scene – What </li></ul><ul><li>Props – “Extras” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Stage Layout and Design Center Stage Downstage Upstage Stage Left Stage Right Left Wing Right Wing Apron Orchestra Pit
  8. 8. OTHER IMPORTANT TERMS <ul><li>1. Broadway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The theater district in New York City </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Company </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The entire cast of a production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6. Dress Rehearsal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A rehearsal in full costume </li></ul></ul><ul><li>7. Encore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The unplanned repetition of a number </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. OTHER IMPORTANT TERMS <ul><li>8. Genre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A category or style of music </li></ul></ul><ul><li>9. Intermission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time in-between acts of a show </li></ul></ul><ul><li>10. Libretto </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The script to a production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>12. Lyrics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The words to a song </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. OTHER IMPORTANT TERMS <ul><li>14. Opening </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first official performance of a show </li></ul></ul><ul><li>15. Overture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instrumental music that opens a show </li></ul></ul><ul><li>17. Production Number </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A song or dance that features the whole cast </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. OTHER IMPORTANT TERMS <ul><li>18. Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A critic’s written, published critique </li></ul></ul><ul><li>19. Season </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The time period when new shows open to the public </li></ul></ul><ul><li>20. Troupe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A group of actors, dancers, singers </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. OTHER IMPORTANT TERMS <ul><li>COMPANY vs. TROUPE </li></ul><ul><li>Troupe = ALL of the performers that work for a company, organization, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Company = JUST the performers that are in a particular show </li></ul>
  13. 13. “ THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA” <ul><li>Premiered in 1986 in London, England </li></ul><ul><li>Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber </li></ul><ul><li>Lyrics by Charles Hart </li></ul><ul><li>Has played around the world, including multi-year runs in London, New York City, and Toronto (Ontario, Canada) </li></ul>
  14. 14. “ THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA” <ul><li>ORIGINAL NOVEL </li></ul><ul><li>Written in 1911 </li></ul><ul><li>Written by Gaston Leroux </li></ul><ul><li>The original text was in FRENCH </li></ul>
  15. 15. “ THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA” <ul><li>MOVIE VERSIONS </li></ul><ul><li>1925 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Starred Lon Chaney </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black and White </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Sound </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1943 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Claude Raines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Color and Sound </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. “ THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA” <ul><li>2004 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Starred Gerard Butler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First movie based on the musical version of the story </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many TV and small-screen versions throughout the world </li></ul>
  17. 17. CHARACTERS <ul><li>The Phantom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The “ghost” who haunts the Paris Opera House </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Christine Daae </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A chorus girl who the Phantom loves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Raoul </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christine’s boyfriend, opera house “patron” </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. CHARACTERS <ul><li>Carlotta </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The “prima donna” (first lady) of the opera company </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Firmin and Andre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opera house owners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Madame Giry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ballet mistress (manager) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. CHARACTERS <ul><li>Piangi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead male singer of the opera company </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meg Giry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christine’s best friend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Madame Giry’s daughter </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. PROLOGUE <ul><li>SUMMARY: This scene is an auction taking place in the year 1911 where all of the old opera house items are being sold. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage of the Paris Opera House 1911 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chandelier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Music Box </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overture </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. ACT 1: Scene 1 <ul><li>SUMMARY: The new opera house owners are introduced. Carlotta attempts to sing, but it interrupted by scenery crashing. So, Christine gets a chance to sing and is admired by all. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage of the Paris Opera House 1881 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Backdrop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think of Me </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. ACT 1: Scene 2 <ul><li>SUMMARY: Christine mets up with Meg and Raoul backstage. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Backstage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>None </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>None </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. ACT 1: Scene 3 <ul><li>SUMMARY: Christine reconnects with Raoul. As he leaves to call his carriage, the Phantom appears in her mirror. Their song calls her to walk towards it to the path on the other side. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christine’s Dressing Room </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mirror </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bedroom Furniture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makeup and Costumes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Angel of Music </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. ACT 1: Scene 4 <ul><li>SUMMARY: The Phantom takes Christine through a series of tunnels to a boat. They sail on the underground lake to the Phantom’s lair. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labyrinth / Lake </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Candles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Phantom of the Opera </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. ACT 1: Scene 5 <ul><li>SUMMARY: The Phantom shows Christine where he lives and tells her all about his life. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phantom’s Lair </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phantom’s Broken Mirror </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dustcover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wax Figure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wedding Dress </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Music of the Night </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. ACT 1: Scene 6 <ul><li>SUMMARY: Christine wakes up and finds the Phantom composing. She sneaks up on him and takes off his mask. He curses her and vows to return her to the surface. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pipe Organ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phantom’s Mask </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. ACT 1: Scene 7 <ul><li>SUMMARY: In the area backstage, the Phantom returns Christine to the surface while a stagehand named Joseph Buquet is showing off how he would defend against the Phantom. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. ACT 1: Scene 8 <ul><li>SUMMARY: In the managers’ office, the main characters discuss the recent events. After receiving notes from the Phantom saying Christine should be the star, they all pledge that Carlotta is the star and always will be. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Managers’ Office </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Office Furniture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Letters/Notes from the Phantom </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prima Donna </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IMPORTANT TERMS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polyphonic – “many lines of music” </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. ACT 1: Scene 9 <ul><li>SUMMARY: During the public performance of “Il Muto”, the Phantom causes Carlotta to “sing like a toad”. Christine replaces her. The Phantom hangs Joseph Buquet. In the chaos, Christine and Raoul escape to the roof of the opera house. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Stage of the POH during “Il Muto” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Punjab Lasso </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IMPORTANT TERMS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pandemonium </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. ACT 1: Scene 10 <ul><li>SUMMARY: On the roof of the opera house, Christine and Raoul reunite and pledge their love for each other. The Phantom, hiding behind the statues, is extremely unhappy and takes out his anger by making the chandelier crash onto the stage. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The roof of the opera house </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All I Ask of You </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IMPORTANT TERMS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maniacal </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Writing a New Ending <ul><li>The chandelier has fallen. Only one scene remains. What will happen? You are in charge of writing the “final scene” (Scene 11) </li></ul><ul><li>Be creative! Use as many characters as possible and make sure your writing is school-appropriate. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember what has happened in Act One and plan for your characters accordingly. </li></ul><ul><li>Use appropriate grammar and writing style. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Writing a New Ending <ul><li>At least eight sentences in a summary format </li></ul><ul><li>Be specific as to what happens to the characters </li></ul><ul><li>May be typed, written, or submitted via blog or email online </li></ul><ul><li>DUE Monday, September 8 by the start of class </li></ul>
  33. 33. ACT 2: Scene 1 <ul><li>SUMMARY: Six months have passed. At the grand staircase, the entire company is celebrating the successes of the opera house. The Phantom shows up to present the opera he has written and demands it be performed. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grand Staircase </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chain / Engagement Ring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Costume Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manuscript </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Masquerade </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. ACT 2: Scene 2 <ul><li>SUMMARY: In the area backstage, Raoul questions Madame Giry as to what she knows about the Phantom. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. ACT 2: Scene 3 <ul><li>SUMMARY: In the managers’ office, the characters review the Phantom’s manuscript and his recent letters. While they don’t like the opera or his instructions, Raoul realizes this is a chance to catch the Phantom. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. ACT 2: Scene 4 <ul><li>SUMMARY: On the stage of the opera house, the characters are rehearsing for the Phantom’s opera. Everyone treats it like garbage, as we see the scene transform and Christine cross the stage to the scenery for scene 5. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instruments and Music for “Don Juan Triumphant” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. ACT 2: Scene 5 <ul><li>SUMMARY: Christine visits her father’s grave. While singing, the Phantom emerges, trying to comfort her. Raoul arrives and breaks the “trance”, fighting the Phantom. Raoul and Christine then escape. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graveyard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tombstones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mausoleum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wishing You Were Somehow Here Again </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skulls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spike </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moss </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. ACT 2: Scene 6 <ul><li>SUMMARY: As the opera house prepares for the performance of “DJT”, Raoul reviews instructions with the guards and they all form a plan to catch the Phantom. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marksmen’s weapons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. ACT 2: Scene 7 <ul><li>SUMMARY: The company performs DJT. While performing, Piangi walks off stage and the Phantom hangs him. The Phantom takes his place on stage with Christine. Piangi’s body is revealed, and the Phantom escapes with Christine. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Stage of the POH during DJT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Point of No Return </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. ACT 2: Scene 8 <ul><li>SUMMARY: The Phantom is taking Christine through the labyrinth. Raoul, Madame Giry, and an angry mob follow. Giry warns Raoul to be careful, he removes his coat, and follows them. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Raoul’s coat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Torches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Down Once More / Track Down This Murderer </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. ACT 2: Scene 9 <ul><li>SUMMARY: The wax figure sits on the Phantom’s throne. Raoul arrives and the Phantom puts the lasso around his neck. The Phantom forces Christine to choose one of them. She kisses the Phantom, but he realizes it is out of pity, and sends them away. Meg and the mob arrive and find only the Phantom’s mask and cloak on his throne. </li></ul><ul><li>SETS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROPS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SONGS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NONE </li></ul></ul>