The Genocide in Rwanda
Big goals <ul><li>At the end of this presentation students will be able to… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify the long-term a...
Key Terms <ul><li>Hutu and Tutsi </li></ul><ul><li>Arushu Accords </li></ul><ul><li>UNAMIR </li></ul><ul><li>General Roméo...
The Impact of the Past (1885-1964) <ul><li>Belgian colonial policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identification of Hutu and Tuts...
Civil war and the onset of genocide (1990-1993) <ul><li>President Habyarimana loses popularity </li></ul><ul><li>Rwandan P...
The Genocide (100 days) <ul><li>Arusha Accords </li></ul><ul><li>Assassination of Habyarimana </li></ul><ul><li>Interahamw...
Responses <ul><li>RPF renews offensive to halt genocide </li></ul><ul><li>Downsizing of UNMIR </li></ul><ul><li>United Sta...
Results <ul><li>RPF takes Kigali </li></ul><ul><li>2 million displaced  </li></ul><ul><li>International Criminal Court for...
Implications <ul><li>Reconsidering human rights in post Cold-War era </li></ul><ul><li>International response to gross vio...
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The Genocide In Rwanda

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The Genocide In Rwanda

  1. 1. The Genocide in Rwanda
  2. 2. Big goals <ul><li>At the end of this presentation students will be able to… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify the long-term and short-term causes of the genocide in Rwanda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze some of the consequences of Western colonialism on African nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate the efforts that were made to halt the genocide. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain the long-term implications of the Rwandan genocide. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Key Terms <ul><li>Hutu and Tutsi </li></ul><ul><li>Arushu Accords </li></ul><ul><li>UNAMIR </li></ul><ul><li>General Roméo Dallaire </li></ul><ul><li>Rwanda Patriot Front </li></ul><ul><li>International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Impact of the Past (1885-1964) <ul><li>Belgian colonial policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identification of Hutu and Tutsi tribes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empowerment of Tutsi minority as ruling class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systemic oppression of Hutu majority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lasted until 1964 when Rwanda was turned over to national rule </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Result: Hutus assumed power and began system oppression of Tutsi minority </li></ul>
  5. 5. Civil war and the onset of genocide (1990-1993) <ul><li>President Habyarimana loses popularity </li></ul><ul><li>Rwandan Patriotic Front founded by Paul Kigame (1985) </li></ul><ul><li>RPF invades Rwanda from Uganda and ignites ethnic tensions and fears </li></ul><ul><li>Period of increased violence and aggression against Tutsis </li></ul><ul><li>Civil war ensues </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Genocide (100 days) <ul><li>Arusha Accords </li></ul><ul><li>Assassination of Habyarimana </li></ul><ul><li>Interahamwe militia (Hutu) </li></ul><ul><li>Attack on Belgian UN soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Results: 800,000 dead </li></ul>
  7. 7. Responses <ul><li>RPF renews offensive to halt genocide </li></ul><ul><li>Downsizing of UNMIR </li></ul><ul><li>United States-PDD 25 </li></ul><ul><li>French intervention </li></ul>
  8. 8. Results <ul><li>RPF takes Kigali </li></ul><ul><li>2 million displaced </li></ul><ul><li>International Criminal Court for Rwanda </li></ul><ul><li>Reconciliation </li></ul>
  9. 9. Implications <ul><li>Reconsidering human rights in post Cold-War era </li></ul><ul><li>International response to gross violations of human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Who’s at fault? </li></ul><ul><li>Darfur? </li></ul>
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