Green Afghanistan: Renewable Energy Self-Reliance Security Prosperity
Afghanistan’s Renewable Energy Resources <ul><li>Available renewable resources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul></ul>...
Renewable Energy Advantages <ul><li>Rapidly deployable </li></ul><ul><li>Security Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term ec...
` <ul><li>Abundant solar resource means few limitations on site locations </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost of some systems </li>...
Solar <ul><li>Afghanistan Solar Resource </li></ul>Source: Solarex
<ul><li>Existing Afghan solar projects: </li></ul><ul><li>Solar street lights, Ab Bhand/Khowst - $498,500 (Afghanistan Coa...
<ul><li>Solar options for Afghanistan: </li></ul><ul><li>Small-scale solar solutions for individuals and small structures ...
Solar WLED systems <ul><li>Simple alternative to kerosene lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Small, rugged, portable, use direct c...
<ul><li>Small Scale: Shurflo  </li></ul><ul><li>~$2,500 w/PV panels </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 1000 gallons/day </li></ul>Sol...
Biodiesel Generation <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap: $4K for 15kW unit </li></ul><ul><li>More output than othe...
Wind & Micro-hydro <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Balanced renewable source portfolio </li></ul><ul><li>Increase ene...
Micro Hydro <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Reliable power year-round </li></ul><ul><li>Low environmental impact (v. ...
Micro Hydro <ul><li>Maufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Canyon </li></ul><ul><li>Harris Pelton </li></ul><ul><li>Only $5,000/un...
Challenges <ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Adoption </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul>
Recommendations <ul><li>Develop aggressive strategic plan for propagation of renewables in Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>A...
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Green Afg Test

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  • [Beau To follow Rhonda] Energy is one the most important sectors affecting the reconstruction of Afghanistan We believe that renewable energy solutions offer tremendous advantages in terms of self-reliance, security and prosperity for the Afghan people. We propose that USAID make procurement and deployment of such systems a critical priority and move to deploy such systems as quickly and as widely as possible. 15 seconds
  • Green Afg Test

    1. 1. Green Afghanistan: Renewable Energy Self-Reliance Security Prosperity
    2. 2. Afghanistan’s Renewable Energy Resources <ul><li>Available renewable resources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydro </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biomass </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Renewable Energy Advantages <ul><li>Rapidly deployable </li></ul><ul><li>Security Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term economic enhancement </li></ul>
    4. 4. ` <ul><li>Abundant solar resource means few limitations on site locations </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost of some systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Few/no ongoing costs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many systems rapidly deployable </li></ul>
    5. 5. Solar <ul><li>Afghanistan Solar Resource </li></ul>Source: Solarex
    6. 6. <ul><li>Existing Afghan solar projects: </li></ul><ul><li>Solar street lights, Ab Bhand/Khowst - $498,500 (Afghanistan Coalition Press Center, Nov. 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Ovens in Aibak and Kabul - 1,200 meals/day (price?) (Sun Ovens Int’l, 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Local Distributors: Afghan Solar, AFGHANtrade </li></ul><ul><li>Microcredit for women-owned businesses distributing solar (USAID report to Congressional Appropriations Committee, Sept. 2006) </li></ul>Solar
    7. 7. <ul><li>Solar options for Afghanistan: </li></ul><ul><li>Small-scale solar solutions for individuals and small structures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar WLED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solarchill refrigerators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mid-scale installations to serve communities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic solar irrigation pumps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skybuilt systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Large scale solar for urban areas and industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass arrays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial-strength irrigation pumps </li></ul></ul>Solar
    8. 8. Solar WLED systems <ul><li>Simple alternative to kerosene lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Small, rugged, portable, use direct current, have long service lives </li></ul><ul><li>Evan Mills @ Berkeley Labs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$25 bulk rate </li></ul></ul>Everlite Mini Solar LED Light: $44.50 retail price
    9. 9. <ul><li>Small Scale: Shurflo </li></ul><ul><li>~$2,500 w/PV panels </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 1000 gallons/day </li></ul>Solar Irrigation Systems
    10. 10. Biodiesel Generation <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap: $4K for 15kW unit </li></ul><ul><li>More output than other sources </li></ul><ul><li>Can use/replace existing diesel generators </li></ul><ul><li>Much cleaner emission than diesel </li></ul><ul><li>Locally sourced fuel </li></ul>
    11. 11. Wind & Micro-hydro <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Balanced renewable source portfolio </li></ul><ul><li>Increase energy reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Better options at specific sites </li></ul><ul><li>Affordable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smallest systems starting @ ~$2,000 ea. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better yield/$ </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Micro Hydro <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Reliable power year-round </li></ul><ul><li>Low environmental impact (v. large hydro) </li></ul>
    13. 13. Micro Hydro <ul><li>Maufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Canyon </li></ul><ul><li>Harris Pelton </li></ul><ul><li>Only $5,000/unit </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge: Installation, Maintenance </li></ul>
    14. 14. Challenges <ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Adoption </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul>
    15. 15. Recommendations <ul><li>Develop aggressive strategic plan for propagation of renewables in Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerate deployment of renewable energy by Provincial Reconstruction Teams </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term goal diverse renewable portfolio for each site </li></ul>

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