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Bengkel Metadata, RDA & Hyperlink PUiTM 2010...

Bengkel Metadata, RDA & Hyperlink PUiTM 2010
Anjuran : BPBPT PTAR
Tarikh : 5 April 2010
Tempat : Bilik Seminar PTAR 1
Penceramah : Pn.Hamidah Abdul Rahman
Jawatan: Senior Lecturer

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    RDA RDA Presentation Transcript

    • RESOURCE DESCRIPTION AND ACCESS (RDA) : AN INTRODUCTION TO CATALOGUING IN THE 21ST CENTURY
      Presented by:
      Hamidahbt. HJ. A. Rahman
      Senior Lecturer
      Faculty of Information Management
      UiTMPuncakPerdana Campus
      40150 Shah Alam
      SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN
      4/5/2010
      1
    • 4/5/2010
      2
      What is RDA?
      Resource Description and Access
      A content standard for:
      Describing resources
      Enabling access to resource descriptions
      Based on AACR2 but not AACR3
      Defines what goes into a catalogue record but not how it is encoded or displayed
    • 4/5/2010
      3
      Some Related Standards
      FRBR = a entity-relational model of the data required to find, identify, select and obtain resources
      ISBD = rules that organise the display of a bibliographic description of an item in a catalogue
      MARC = communication and exchange format providing a structure for encoding the content of bibliographic and authority data
      Dublin Core = metadata schema
    • 4/5/2010
      4
      FRBR
      Functional Requirements of Bibliographic Records
      IFLA study; report published 1998
      Entity-relationship model that defines:
      Tasks: find, identify, select, obtain
      Resource relationships:work, expression, manifestation, item
      Entities: people, corporate bodies
      Entities: concepts, objects, events, places
    • 4/5/2010
      5
      ISBDs
      International Standard Bibliographic Descriptions
      Developed 1969 onwards by IFLA
      Defined seven areas of description and their order
      Title
      Statement of Responsibility
      Edition
      Resource specific information
      Publication details
      Physical description
      Series information
      Notes and standard identifiers
    • 4/5/2010
      6
      AACR
      Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules
      A content standard for bibliographic description and access
      Bibliographic – not just books
      Built on other, earlier sets of rules
      Key principles
      One principle entry per resource
      Catalogue from item in hand
      Chief source of information
    • 4/5/2010
      7
      AACR / RDA timeline
      1967 UK and US editions
      1978 Second unified edition - consistent with ISBDs. Several later revisions issued.
      1997 Toronto conference on AACR2
      1998 FRBR study
      2004 Start work on AACR3
      2005 Develop RDA not AACR3
      2009 RDA launch (provisional)
    • 4/5/2010
      8
      AACR 2
      Part 1: Description
      Chapter 1: General rules
      Chapters 2 -12: Resource-type-specific rules
      Chapter 13: Analytic entries
      Part 2: Headings, Uniform Titles, References
      Chapter 21: Choice of access points
      Chapters 22 – 26: Construction of access points
      Appendices
      A: Capitalisation, B: Abbreviations, C: Numerals,D: Glossary, E: Initial articles
    • 4/5/2010
      9
      What’s wrong with AACR?
      Increasingly complex
      Lack of logical structure
      Mixing content and carrier data
      Hierarchical relationships missing
      Anglo-American centric viewpoint
      Written before FRBR
      Not enough support for collocation
      Unclear relationship with MARC Format
    • 4/5/2010
      10
      RDA – The Aims
      Rules should be easy to use and interpret
      Be applicable to an online, networked environment
      Provide effective bibliographic control for all types of media
      Encourage use beyond the library community
      Be compatible with other similar standards
      Have a logical structure based on internationally agreed principles
      Separate content and carrier data
      Examples – more of them, more appropriate
    • 4/5/2010
      11
      Who is working on RDA?
      Joint Steering Committee (JSC)
      1 representative each from:ACOC, ALA, BL, CCC, CILIP, LC
      JSC reps consult with their ‘constituency’
      In UK, CILIP/BL Committee on RDA plus specialist groups (e.g. Rare Books Group, IAML(UK & Ireland) )
      RDA Editor: Tom Delsey
      RDA Project Manager: Marjorie Bloss
    • 4/5/2010
      12
      And also
      Task focused working groups
      RDA GMD/SMD Working Group
      RDA and ONIX Initiative
      RDA Examples Working Groups
      and
      DCMI RDA Task Group
    • 4/5/2010
      13
      How is RDA being developed?
      Draft – (responses – revised drafts – further responses, etc.) – acceptance
      Latest draft released 17 Nov. 2008;responses to date from:
      ACOC, ALA, BL, CCC, CILIP, LC
      France, Germany, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden
      ISSN International Centre
      Final product – the publishers (ALA, CILIP, CLA)
    • 4/5/2010
      14
      RDA Timeline
      2005
      Prospectus issued
      Draft of chapters relating to description
      Content and carrier studies
      2006 and 2007
      Further drafts of chapters on description and access
      Work on appendices and glossary
      2008
      Draft issued in PDF format in November
      2009
      First public view of online product – late February 2009?
      June 2010 – Publication ready?
    • 4/5/2010
      15
      RDA Outline Structure
      Introduction
      Attributes
      Sections 1 to 4 (chapters 1 to 16)
      Relationships
      Sections 5 to 10 (chapters 17 to 37)
      Appendices A to M
      Glossary
    • 4/5/2010
      16
      What will RDA look like? - 1
      Section 1: Recording manifestation and item attributes
      Ch. 1 General guidelines
      Ch. 2 Identifying manifestations and items
      Ch. 3 Describing carriers (technical description)
      Ch. 4 Providing acquisition and access information (terms of availability, etc.)
    • 4/5/2010
      17
      What will RDA look like? - 2
      Section 2: Recording attributes of work and expression
      Ch. 5 General guidelines (incl. construction of access points for works and expressions)
      Ch. 6 Identifying works and expressions (e.g. uniform and collective titles, etc.)
      Ch. 7 Describing additional attributes of works and expressions (incl. nature and coverage of content, intended audience, etc.)
    • 4/5/2010
      18
      What will RDA look like? - 3
      Section 3: Ch. 8, 9, 10, 11Recording attributes of person, family and corporate body (= name headings)
      Section 4: Ch. 12, 13, 14, 15, 16Recording attributes of concept, object, event and place (= subject headings)
      Section 5: Ch. 17Recording primary relationships between work, expression, manifestation and item
      Section 6: Ch. 18, 19, 20, 21, 22Recording relationships to persons, families and corporate bodies associated with a resource
    • 4/5/2010
      19
      What will RDA look like? – 4
      Section 7: Ch. 23Recording subject relationships
      Section 8: Ch. 24, 25, 26, 27, 28Recording relationships between works, expressions, manifestations and items
      Section 9: Ch. 29, 30, 31, 32Recording relationships between persons, families and corporate bodies
      Section 10: Ch. 33, 34, 35, 36, 37Recording relationships between concepts, objects, events and places
    • 4/5/2010
      20
      What will RDA look like? - 5
      • Appendices
      A: Capitalisation
      B: Abbreviations
      C: Initial articles
      D: Record syntaxes for descriptive data (ISBD, M21, DC)
      E: Record syntaxes for access point control data
      F: Additional instructions on names of persons
      G: Titles of nobility, rank, etc.
      H: Conversion of dates to Gregorian calendar
      J, K, L, M: Relationship designators
      Glossary
      Index
    • 4/5/2010
      21
      Using RDA
      First analyse the resource being described
      What is the content type?
      Held in what carrier form?
      Which audience is it intended for or primarily used by?
      To what other resources is it related?
      To which persons, families or corporate bodies is it related?
      To what concepts, events and places is it related?
    • 4/5/2010
      22
      One rule for all …
      Mostly:
      Rules apply to all content types
      Rules apply to all media types
      With
      Examples of application to specific content and media
      Occasionally:
      Rules apply to specific materials or contexts
    • 4/5/2010
      23
      Words, words, words …
      Can look opaque or ‘going round in circles’
      Trying to avoid reference to specific content and carriers
      Hope to improve wording over time
      “Use as the preferred source ofinformation a source forming part of the resource itself that is appropriate to (a) the type of description and (b) the presentation format of the resource”
      Means:
      Comprehensive or analytical description
      Multiple pieces, early print, moving images, or ‘all other materials’
    • 4/5/2010
      24
      RDA – What will it be?
      Initially an online resource
      Complete text
      Pricing, subscription, etc. - still not decided
      Potentially:
      Concise text
      Tailored texts (law, music, serials, etc.)
      Training resource
      Incorporated into LMS cataloguing modules
      Loose-leaf print version(s)
    • 4/5/2010
      25
      Beyond RDA
      RDA aims to be:
      Independent of communication formats
      UNIMARC, MARC, MARCXML, MODS/MADS
      DC, EAD, ISBD, VRA, MPEG7
      Compatible / better aligned with other similar standards, for example:
      Archives: ISAD(G)
      Museums: Cataloguing Cultural Objects
    • 4/5/2010
      26
      RDA and MARC 21
      Mapping RDA and MARC 21
      Report issued in Nov. 2006 and discussed at MARBI Midwinter 2007
      How will RDA impact on MARC 21?
      New fields / subfields now being added
      How will MARC 21 impact on RDA?
      Identification of data provisions in MARC 21 that were not in early draft of RDA
      This fed into RDA development process
    • 4/5/2010
      27
      Looking into the crystal ball
      FRBR
      Potential influence on development of cataloguing systems
      Authority records, uniform titles, work records
      OPACs
      Multiple interfaces for different audiences
      Enhance for accessibility - supports all users
      Links (actual resources, restrictions, supporting or associated resources)
      RDA
      Use outside the library domain
    • Any Questions?
      http://www.catalogingfutures.com/catalogingfutures/rda-online/
      http://www.rdaonline.org/
      4/5/2010
      28