4. Multimeter
Display
Current (Ampere)
Voltage (Volt)
Resistance (Ohm)
Power (Decibel)
Alternating current (AC)
+ probe
- probe
Direct current (DC)+ probe - probe
Schematic symbol
5. Multimeter (DC measurement)
Voltage measurement
Current
measurement DC
setting
6. Multimeter (AC measurement)
Voltage measurement
Current
measurement
AC
setting
7. Function Generator
+ probe - probe
Schematic symbol
Sinusoidal wave
Sawtooth wave
Square wave
+ probe - probe
8. Function Generator
Voltage measurement
Current
measurement
Function
generator
9. Wattmeter
Voltmeter
Schematic symbol
+ -
Ammeter
+ -
Display (Wattage)
Power factor
10. Wattmeter
Voltage measurement
Current measurement
11. Oscilloscope
Channel A
Schematic symbol
Channel B
Ground
Trigger
Toggle between
black and white
screen
Vertical cursor 1 Vertical cursor 2
Vertical cursor 1 (Readouts)
Vertical cursor 2 (Readouts)
Difference between cursor
(Readout)
Saving in
ASCII text file
12. Oscilloscope
Measure
input signal
Measure
output
signal
13. Bode plotter
Schematic symbol
Input
signal
channel
Output
signal
channel
A Bode magnitude plot is a graph of log magnitude
versus frequency, plotted with a log-frequency axis,
to show the frequency response of a linear system.
A Bode phase plot is a graph of phase versus frequency,
also plotted on a log-frequency axis, usually used in
conjunction with the magnitude plot, to evaluate how
much a frequency will be phase-shifted.
14. Bode plotter
Measure
input signal
Measure
output
signal
Magnitude versus frequency
Phase versus frequency
15. Frequency counter
Schematic symbol
Frequency counter
is used to measure
signal frequency
Frequency Probe
Display
The minimum
sensing voltage
Trigger level is the point that
must be reached by the waveform
before a reading is displayed
Display
only the AC
component
of a signal
Display
only the DC
component
of a signal
16. Frequency Counter
555 timer 1 kHz configuration
Actual
output
frequency
Duration
of 1 cycle
17. Frequency Counter
555 timer 1 kHz configuration
Duration of
positive pulse
Duration of
negative pulse
Rise time
of a single
counter
18. Logic analyzer
Schematic symbol
Signal
Probe
External
clock
Clock
qualifier
Trigger
qualifier
The logic analyzer displays up to 16 digital
signals in a circuit. It is used for fast data
acquisition of logic states and advanced
timing analysis to help design large
systems and carry out troubleshooting.
19. Logic analyzerProbing
1st
input
signal
Probing
2nd
input
signal
Probing
output
signal
20. Logic Converter
Schematic symbol
8 input signal probe
Deriving truth table
from circuit
Converting truth table
to Boolean expression
Simplify truth table
to Boolean expression
Converting Boolean
expression to truth
table
Converting Boolean
expression to circuit
Converting Boolean
expression to NAND
circuit
Boolean
expression
Truth table
1 output
signal probe
21. Logic Converter
Deriving truth table from circuit
22. Logic Converter
Converting truth table to Boolean expression
Boolean expression obtained
23. Logic Converter
Simplify truth table to Boolean expression
Simplified Boolean expression
24. Logic Converter
1st
step:
Type desired
Boolean
expression
2nd
step:
Converting Boolean
expression to truth
table
Truth table
printed
here!
25. Logic Converter
Converting Boolean
expression to circuit
Circuit
produced
26. Logic Converter
Converting Boolean
expression to NAND
circuit
Circuit
produced
Be the first to comment