GNU (Gnu is Not Unix)
Software development started in 1984.
Tools to create ”Free” software including OS,
Programming languages & Applications
Freedom to Distribute, Change, Study, Copy,
However you cannot change the license if it is
software under GPL.
'Open source' concept was existing from years ago.
In the early years of automative development, a group
of manufacturers owned the license of engines, but
this monopolicy broken in 1911.
ARPANET used the same concept to develope
network telecomunication protocols which is started in
1960 and led to birth of the Internet in 1969.
Netscape in 1998 announced the source code realese
GNU/Linux is a general name for any OS based on Linux
Kernel & GNU.
GNU/Linux is one of greatest collections of ”Free” and
Linux name is actually comes from Linux-Kernel
Linux-Kernel development started by Linux Torvalds in
GNU/Linux name is pomoted by Free Software Foundation
GNU/Linux specifically is very famous because of
GNU/Linux is installable on various computer
hardware, embeded systems, cellphones, wrist
watches and even super computers.
GNU/Linux now a days is popular among desktop and
notebook computer users.
Ubuntu distibution has the largest desktop and
specially notebook installations.
Is a 'Free' Unix-like operating sysem,
developed by 'Brekeley Software Distribution'
Known as unknown 'Free OS' gaint.
Is not Unix, but behaviour, internal structure
and API is very similar to Unix.
Is a full-featured OS.
Works on most common CPUs and Hardware.
Most Linux software run on BSD
GNU - General Public License
Most of GNU software released under GPL.
This license obliges developers to release
source code along software binary.
Most GNU/Linux libraries are released under
LGPL: Lesser GNU General Public License.
Linux Kernel released under GPL v2 license.
Lastest GPL license version is 3
Prior to the release of first GNU/Linux distributions,
GNU/Linux users should be a professional Unix
GNU/Linux distributions created after first
GNU/Linux bundles developed by other than Linux-
GNU/Linux attracted users to be replacement for
proprietary OS like: Windows, MS-DOS, Mac-OS.
GNU/Linux is attractive mainly because of Stability,
Low-cost and free access to source codes.
First GNU/Linux distros:
Boot-root, MMC Interim Linux, TAMU, SLS,
Yggdrasil is the first GNU/Linux released on
SLS (Softlanding Linux System)
Slackware distro developed based on
GNU/Linux, is the oldest distro still active.
Some of famous GNU/Linux distros:
CentOS (Based on RedHat)
Fedora (Owned by Red Hat Co.)
Gentoo (For power users)
Knoppix (First live CD, Based on Debian)
Kubuntu (KDE Version of Ubuntu)
Linux Mint (Based on Ubuntu)
Mandriva (Base on RedHat, famous in France and Brazil)
OpenGEU (Based on Ubuntu)
OpenSUSE (based on Slackware)
Oracle Enterprise Linux (Based on RedHat)
Pardus (Developed in Turky)
PCLinuxOS (Based on Mandriva)
RedHat Enterprise Linux (Based on Fedora)
Sabayon Linux (Based on Gentoo)
SimplyMEPIS (Based on Gentoo)
Slackware (one of first linux distros, founded in 1993)
Ubuntu (Based on Debian)
Ubuntu Netbook remix (Specially for Netbooks)
Xubuntu (Xfce version of Ubuntu)
Summer 2009 / Kerman
Special thanks to Didehbannet Co.
sponsoring this conference.