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Smoking
 

Smoking

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    Smoking Smoking Presentation Transcript

    • SMOKING Presents by : Hasnaa IFKIRNE
    • SAMMURYIntroduction History Facts Smoking in Morocco What’s in a cigarette? What happens when you smoke? The effects of smoking Risk factor How to quit
    • INTRODUCTION As smokers, we learn early on to put up a mental wall Conclusion of denial between our smoking habit and the harsh reality of the damage were inflicting on ourselves with every cigarette smoked.
    • INTRODUCTION We tell ourselves lies that allow us smoke with some level of comfort. We say we have time to quit, that cancer doesnt run in our family...that we can quit any time we want to, that the bad things happen to other people. And because smoking is typically a slow killer, those lies support the framework of our wall of denial for years and years.
    • HISTORY The history of smoking dates back to as early as 5000 BC in shamanistic rituals. Many ancient civilizations, such as the Babylonians, Indians and Chinese, burnt incense as a part of religious rituals, as did the later Catholic and Orthodox Christian churches.
    • HISTORY The smoking of tobacco, as well as various hallucinogenic drugs was used to achieve trances and to come into contact with the spirit world. Cannabis smoking was common in Sub-Saharan Africa through Ethiopia and the east African coast in the Middle East before the arrival of tobacco, and was early on a common social activity that centered around the type of water pipe called a hookah.
    • FACTS The tobacco industry is one of the biggest in the world market. It is worth more than $400 billion annually. Up to 1 trillion cigarettes are sold all over the world every year. Most countries now have a minimum age for buying tobacco of 18 years, except Japan whose minimum age is 20. Smoking has been identified as being responsible for a lot of preventable illnesses and deaths all over the world.
    • FACTSPercent of adultswho smoke by sex:Percent of adultswho smoke by poverty:
    • SMOKING IN MOROCCO Morocco is considered one of the largest consumers of tobacco in the Mediterranean with more than 15 billion cigarettes per year. Every day, at least 14 cigarettes are smoked by men and 12 for women. A national survey on the habits and behavior of smokers published in 2008, the smoker spends an average of 22 DH per day for the purchase of tobacco.
    • SMOKING IN MOROCCO Since 1996, we have an anti-smoking law (No. 15-91), which prohibits smoking in certain public places, propaganda, advertising in favor of tobacco. But if this low has continued to envolve and strengthen over time in Morocco, there is still a very strong distortion between the text and its application.
    • SMOKING IN MOROCCO Criminal penalties and fines, however, are provided up to 500 DH for smoking in an enclosed public place, and up to 5,000 DH for him to sell cigarettes to minors. But in fact, no one verbalized.
    • WHAT’S IN A CIGARETTE?
    • THE EFFECTS OF SMOKINGORGANS EFFECTS OF SMOKINGBRAIN  Nicotine affects a smoker’s brain chemistry and mood.  Tobacco smoke is a major cause of stroke.EYES Smokers have a 2 to 3 times greater chance of developing cataracts, a leading cause of blindness.MOUTH AND THROAT  Smokers are more likely to get periodontitis (gum disease). Smoking causes cancer of the larynx, mouth, and esophagus.  Smokers are more likely to have upper respiratory tract infections—sore throat and colds.
    • THE EFFECTS OF SMOKINGLUNGS  Smokers are at greater risk of lung cancer.  Smokers have more respiratory illnesses, including pneumonia, bronchitis.  Smoking causes emphysema.  Smoking is related to asthma among children and teens.HEART  Smoking is a leading cause of coronary heart disease.  Smoking causes atherosclerosis (or hardening of the arteries).Other cancers Pancreas , stomach, kidneys, and bladder.
    • OTHER EFFECTSPregnancy: The growth of baby retards when mothersmokes in pregnancy. It affects the braindevelopment of baby. and have lower birthweight, respiratory diseases, and otherillnesses.This happens even when mother is apassive smoker.The chances of miscarriage, prematurebirth and fetal death increase.
    • OTHER EFFECTS  Reproductive system Smoking also reduces fertility in both men and women.
    • RISK FACTOR Tobacco, mostly cigarette smoking, kills more than 440,000 people a year, making it more lethal than AIDS, homicides, suicides…. Indeed, one in every five deaths is attributable to smoking.
    • RISK FACTOR In one study, only 42% of male lifelong smokers reached the age of 73, compared to 78% of nonsmokers. Even cutting back smoking by more than half does not cut the risk for poor health compared to heavy smokers (considered to be more than 15 cigarettes a day). Only quitting helps.
    • HOW TO QUITGet Ready to Quit : this is animportant first step. You must bemotivated.Avoid smoking traps : know andavoid situations where you wouldnormally smokeDont be discouraged : It doesntmean you cant quit. Keep thinkingof yourself as a nonsmoker. You areone.
    • HOW TO QUITKeep busy and moving : do activitieswhich use hands, such as puzzles,walking, Being active makes you feelbetter and helps to prevent weight gain,and eating sugarless gum.Be good to yourself : get plenty of rest,drink lots of water, and 3 healthy mealsdaily. Congratulate yourself for making amajor, positive change in your life.Take change : Decide what you can dothe next time you want to smoke to keepyou from doing it.
    • THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION