Health concerns
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Health concerns Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Head Lice
    Scabies
    Epilepsy
    Diabetes
    Asthma
    Allergies
    JaylaBousquet
    Erin Wotton
    Health Concerns
  • 2. Head Lice
    Head lice are very small insects that live on the human scalp. They are not a life-threatening problem but can be difficult to get rid of, especially in a classroom full of students.
    A student may have lice if they are complaining that their head is itchy.  When lice bight the scalp they cause itchy bites, resulting in kids scratching their heads. The only way to be sure though is by inspecting the child's hair and finding live lice.
    To treat head lice, a student must wash their hair with a product that contains the insecticides pyrethrin, permethrin, or lindane. These are found in shampoo's, Nix, or Lindane Shampoo. There is also a non-insecticidal product available, Resultz, which can be used for kids 4 and up. A second application of these products is needed again after 7-10 days to ensure the infestation has been killed.
     If you have a case of head lice in your classroom, a letter should be sent home to parents alerting them to check their children. A teacher must be careful though to protect the infested students privacy, as a stigma can be associated with such an affliction. 
    Students who have lice should not be sent home, but should avoid direct head-to-head contact with other students. Excessive cleaning is not needed as lice cannot survive in the classroom, they need a scalp to live on. 
        
  • 3. http://search.creativecommons.org/?q=lice&format=
  • 4. Scabies
    Head lice are very small insects that live on the human scalp. They are not a life-threatening problem but can be difficult to get rid of, especially in a classroom full of students.
    A student may have lice if they are complaining that their head is itchy.  When lice bight the scalp they cause itchy bites, resulting in kids scratching their heads. The only way to be sure though is by inspecting the child's hair and finding live lice.
    To treat head lice, a student must wash their hair with a product that contains the insecticides pyrethrin, permethrin, or lindane. These are found in shampoo's, Nix, or Lindane Shampoo. There is also a non-insecticidal product available, Resultz, which can be used for kids 4 and up. A second application of these products is needed again after 7-10 days to ensure the infestation has been killed.
     If you have a case of head lice in your classroom, a letter should be sent home to parents alerting them to check their children. A teacher must be careful though to protect the infested students privacy, as a stigma can be associated with such an affliction. 
    Students who have lice should not be sent home, but should avoid direct head-to-head contact with other students. Excessive cleaning is not needed as lice cannot survive in the classroom, they need a scalp to live on. 
  • 5. http://search.creativecommons.org/?q=scabies&format=
  • 6. Epilepsy
    Epilepsy/seizure disorder is a physical disorder formed by sudden or brief changes in how the brain works. It is a symptom of a neurological disorder that affects the brain and shows itself in the form of seizures.
    A seizure occurs when the normal electrical balance in the brain is lost. The brain's nerve cells fall through; they either ignite when they shouldn't or don't ignite when they should. The result is a sudden, brief, uncontrolled rush of abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
    These overactive signals may keep the brain from understanding what the eyes see. The person may stare during a seizure, or they may affect leg muscle tone and cause a person to fall down.
     The type of seizure depends how many cells are launched and which area of the brain is involved
    A seizure may be a change in behaviour, consciousness, movement, perception, and or sensation
    It’s important to remember that seizures can be shown in a variety of ways. There are many other forms a seizure can take that you may not even notice. A student might just see, feel, or hear things differently for a moment, or might just be looking into space as if daydreaming for a few moments
  • 7. Epilepsy
    A major implication for this disorder on the child is the self-consciousness that may come with it. With the unpredictability of the next seizure, a child may worry a lot about engaging in different activities. As the teacher, you can take measures to allow the student to live and act as normally as other students while providing supports to protect the child in the event of a seizure. Likely, one of your significant roles will be to deal with the emotional impacts on the student, the sense of isolation and discouragement, and the potential for teasing and bullying by other students
    Sometimes people with epilepsy/seizure disorder recognize that specific events or circumstances affect seizures. As teachers helping students recognize and control seizure triggers can help to reduce or avoid seizures.
    Some common triggers include:
    Flickering of lights of computers, television, videos, etc.
    Low seizure medication levels
    Menstruation/hormonal changes
    Stress, excitement, emotional upset
    Forgetting to take prescribed medication
    Lack of sleep
    Illness or fever
    Missing meals
  • 8. Diabetes
    Our bodies need to maintain a relatively steady level of sugar or glucose in the blood in order for us to be well. When we ingest more sugar than we need, the pancreas releases insulin and this lowers the level of blood glucose. When the pancreas is not working properly, or the body is not able to use insulin effectively, high levels of glucose in the blood can cause damage to nerves, vision, and other areas of the body. Glucose levels are raised by eating or drinking fluids containing carbohydrates or sugar, and they are normally lowered by insulin and/or physical exertion.
    A student with an existing diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes will be managing insulin levels by injecting insulin with a syringe or insulin pens. An insulin pump is another alternative for delivering insulin to the body and this saves the child the trouble of having to administer injections during the day. A student who is managing diabetes will need to measure his/her blood glucose about three to four times per day. As the teacher, you will normally not need to do this for the child, though you may be asked to supervise, and with younger children you may be asked to assist. You should not be asked to inject the student with insulin.
    Dietary habits are an important part of managing the condition. The student should be eating the same amount of food every day at about the same time every day. In some cases this will mean that the student needs to have some kind of nourishment during class time.
    The most significant concern for you as a teacher will be to be able to recognize signs of low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, and respond quickly and appropriately. This is one area in which your actions or inaction can literally make the difference between life and death for a child.
  • 9. Diabetes
    Symptoms/Indicators of Hypoglycemia (Low blood glucose) potential medical emergency:
    Abdominal pain Anxiety Tiredness Headache
    Cold Nausea Paleness Hunger
    Disorientation Dizziness Fainting Seizure
    Irritability, hostility, or combativeness Staggering Shakiness
    Confusion – not making sense Loss of consciousness Clammy sweaty skin
    Emergency Interventions for Hypoglycemia:
    If the student is conscious:
    If the student shows any of the signs or symptoms of hypoglycaemia listed above, provide sugar – give the student five glucose tablets, six Lifesavers, or a glass of fruit juice. A snack or meal should follow about 10-15 minutes later. Stay with the student until he/she is well again. Do not let the student go home unaccompanied or go home unless there will be someone there for the rest of the day. Notify the parents
    If the student has lost consciousness:
    Have someone call 911. Administer glucose paste under the tongue. (A small tube of glucose paste can be purchased at a pharmacy. The family will likely have provided you with this.) Lay the student on his/her side in a recovery position with head tilted slightly back to maintain an open airway and mouth pointed down to the floor to allow saliva to drain. Monitor breathing. Notify the parents.
  • 10. Asthma
    As many as one in eight to ten students will be affected by asthma, a disease in which an exposure to some specific trigger causes the air passages to constrict and fill with mucus. This makes breathing difficult, causes reactions from coughing to wheezing, and may lead to a loss of consciousness and, in extreme cases, loss of life.
    Common Asthma Triggers
    Allergens like pollen or animal dander Aspirin Colds
    Chemicals in paints, glues, art supplies, craft supplies Cold air Exercise
    Chemicals from carpets, furniture Infections Moulds
    Chemicals in cleaning products Perfumes Smoke
    Chemicals in glue Viruses Weather
    Dust, including chalk dust Emotional upset
    Markers with strong odours
    Symptoms/Indicators of an Asthma Attack
    Anxiety Chest – tightness Coughing
    Breathing – difficulty getting air Lips/tongue – bluish Motor – difficulty walking
    Breathing – shortness of breath Nail beds – bluish Speech – difficulty talking
    Skin – pale, sweaty, bluish Wheezing
    Neck muscles – standing out while the person is attempting to breathe
  • 11. Allergies that require EpiPens
    Epilepsy/seizure disorder is a physical disorder formed by sudden or brief changes in how the brain works. It is a symptom of a neurological disorder that affects the brain and shows itself in the form of seizures.
    A seizure occurs when the normal electrical balance in the brain is lost. The brain's nerve cells fall through; they either ignite when they shouldn't or don't ignite when they should. The result is a sudden, brief, uncontrolled rush of abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
    These overactive signals may keep the brain from understanding what the eyes see. The person may stare during a seizure, or they may affect leg muscle tone and cause a person to fall down.
     The type of seizure depends how many cells are launched and which area of the brain is involved
    A seizure may be a change in behaviour, consciousness, movement, perception, and or sensation
  • 12. Resources
    1) http://www.health.gov.sk.ca/head-lice 
    2) http://www.health.gov.sk.ca/scabies
     3) http://www.anaphylaxis.org/content/whatis/anaphylaxis_is.asp
    4) http://www.epipen.ca
    5) http://www2.brandonu.ca/academic/education/exceptional/alphabetical.asp
    6) http://www.manitobaepilepsy.org/pdf/teens.pdf
    7) http://www.gov.mb.ca/health/chronicdisease/diabetes/strategy.html