Byzantine his
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Byzantine his Byzantine his Presentation Transcript

  • Byzantine jewellery
  • What is Byzantine?
    It was an empire or Eastern Roman Empire during the middle ages (AD 330-1450).it was situated in the capital of Constantinople, and it was ruled by Byzantine emperors. Today Constantinople is known as Istanbul. The languages that were spoken were medieval Greek and Latin and their government was autocracy. this empire existed for more than a thousand years. it was one of the most powerful economic, cultural and military forces in Europe.
  • The combination of sapphires ,emeralds and pearls set in a decoratively pierced gold and the shape of the pendant suggests the influence of Byzantine pieces .
    The mosaic portrait of the empress Theodora at San Vitale.
  • jewellery
    Materials that they use:
    *Gold
    *Silver
    *Enamel
    *Pearls
    *Precious and semi precious stones
    Jasper ,Sardonyx, Lapis lazuli , agates and rock crystal were very popular in the Byzantine era. Colour stones were one of Byzantine jewellery characteristics.
    Champleve and cloisonné enamelling was extremely popular in their jewellery as well ,especially cloisonné.
  • A Byzantine crown made of gold and cloisonné enamel plaques, given by Constantine IX to king Andrew of Hungary in the 11th century. it has engravings of empress Theodora and the emperor.
  • A variety of designs were used by pagans and Christians. Christian themes started to emerge in their jewellery in the 5th and 6th centuries .Christ, virgin Mary ,angels and saints were normally represented in the jewellery.
    A typical Byzantine earring design would have a central cross in a circle and often with peacock motifs and the earring would be shaped in a crescent in gold repousse.
    Commonest wore pendants normally shaped as a cross.
    Finger rings had Christian symbols on them.
    They believed that the peacock symbolised immortality and that the tree symbolised life.
  • Byzantine jewellery characteristics
    The shape of the jewellery piece would either be long pendants and flat crescent shapes.
    Rings would be inscribed or set with engraved gems.
    Religious inscriptions was a typical form of decoration.
    Bracelets would have a central roundel with a hinge on one side and a clasp on the other.
    Precious and semi precious stones are used on jewellery pieces.
  • The change
    When the Roman empire fell. The traditions remained in general use. within medieval jewellery from the 11th century onwards. brooches became penannuallar rings and pendants were chased or enamelled crucifixes or religious motifs, often using holy relics.
  • An example of the annular ring brooch. Men wore it on their shoulder and females wore it on their chest.
    Shoulder clasps from the royal ship burial .the red inlays are garnet inlays.
  • Byzantine architecture
  • Quick architecture
  • The vaults
  • ORDERS
  • CHARACTERISTICS OF HAGIA SOPHIA
  • HAGIA SOPHIA FLOOR PLAN
  • HAGIA SOPHIA INTERIOR