Arts Education Policy


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  • Arts Education Policy

    1. 1. Arts Education Policy
    2. 2. Arts Education Policy What does the law require?
    3. 3. Sure most schools have instruction in the arts now, and most people would probably say it’s a good thing. But what (if any) legal guidelines are there for arts education in the U.S. and specifically in MI?
    4. 4. Educational curriculum and standards are a State’s constitutional right to govern. This does not mean however that the federal government is silent on the issue of arts education.
    5. 5. Government Mandates
    6. 6. Core Subjects as Defined by NCLB
    7. 7. Core Subjects as Defined by NCLB • English • Reading or language arts • Mathematics • Science • Foreign languages • Civics and government • Economics • Arts • History • Geography Texas Education Agency, “No Child Left Behind Act--Academic Core Subjects Under NCLB
    8. 8. What is meant by “The Arts”
    9. 9. What is meant by “The Arts” While NCLB leaves it up to the states to determine what qualifies as “Arts” the following 4 disciplines are standard at the national and state levels. • Visual Art • Music • Dance • Theatre
    10. 10. What are the States Doing with this core subject? • In 2007, Arts Education Partners, an advocacy group, did a comprehensive survey of state departments of education. This is their findings.
    11. 11. Of course, this data can be somewhat misleading since states have different understandings of what a mandate is.
    12. 12. Texas’s Mandate • (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19, § 74.2 and Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19, § 117(A): A district that offers kindergarten through grade 5 must offer the required foundation and enrichment curriculum, and must ensure sufficient time is provided for teachers to teach and students to learn the curriculum. Districts and schools must offer standards-based art, music and theater at all elementary grade levels. • (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19, § 74.3)b: Districts offering grades 6-8 and/or 9-12 must offer the required foundation and enrichment curriculum, and must ensure sufficient time is provided for teachers to teach and students to learn the curriculum. • (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19 § 74.3):All high schools must offer two of the four fine arts content areas (art, dance, music, and theatre). • (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19 § 74.43, 74.44, 75.53, 75.54): One credit of fine arts is required to graduate from high school under the Recommended High School Program and Distinguished Achievement High School Program-Advanced High School Program. Education Commission of the States, Artscan Database
    13. 13. Michigan’s Mandate • Sec. 1278a(a)(iv) The board of a school district or board of directors of a public school academy shall not award a high school diploma to a pupil unless the pupil has successfully completed at least 1 credit in visual arts, performing arts, or applied arts, that is aligned with guidelines developed by the Michigan Department of Education. • Sec. 1278b(5)(g)(j) The visual, performing and applied arts credit requirement may be modified as part of a personal curriculum only if the modification requires the pupil to complete 1 additional credit in English language arts, mathematics, or science or 1 additional credit in a language other than English. This additional credit must be in addition to the number of those credits otherwise required in each subject area.
    14. 14. What does this mean? What this means is that for some states, NCLB is interpreted to require that every child have arts instruction for 9 years, and is entitled to arts education (or at least the opportunity for it) through their entire school career. For other states, NCLB is interpreted to require that children must have 1 year of arts instruction, and are not entitled to more.
    15. 15. Release Time While there is no state mandate for arts education at the elementary level in Michigan, master agreements often limit the amount of time that teachers are required to be in contact with students. Arts education is often used to create release time for elementary classroom teachers. So arts education is present in the majority of schools in MI.
    16. 16. Standards
    17. 17. In 1994, President Bill Clinton signed into law Goals 2000. In response, a group called the Consortium of National Arts Education Associations created national standards for arts education in four disciplines: Visual Arts, Dance, Music, and Theater. This process was funded by a grant received by the National Association for Music Education (MENC) Kennedy Center Arts Edge
    18. 18. The Standards are divided into grade- level bands: K-4, 5-8, and 9-12. They encompass what the consortium felt every student should know or be able to demonstrate in each discipline at the end of a K-12 curriculum.
    19. 19. From National Standards for Arts Education. Copyright © 1994 by Music Educators National Conference (MENC). Used by permission. The complete National Arts Standards and additional materials relating to the Standards are available from MENC: The National Association for Music Education, 1806 Robert Fulton Drive, Reston, VA 20191;
    20. 20. There is no legal mandate to adhere to these national standards. It is the right of each state to develop their own standards in these disciplines. The state of Michigan has developed their own benchmarks based on these national standards.
    21. 21. Michigan’s benchmarks are based on the national standards. They do differ however. For instance, there are 9 National Standards for music, while Michigan’s Benchmarks are distilled down to 5 content standards that cover roughly the same material.
    22. 22. Assessment At the moment, there are no standardized assessments at any level in music achievement under either the national or state authority. As such there’s no government body beyond school administration keeping track of whether standards are met.
    23. 23. Michigan Merit Curriculum Stipulations The Michigan Merit Curriculum (MMC) was signed into law on April 20, 2006. This is the law that contains Michigan’s arts education mandate. Students are required to receive 1 year’s worth of arts education, provided the student does not have a personalized curriculum containing an extra credit of Math, Science, Language Arts or a foreign language.
    24. 24. In order to qualify as a credit for the MMC, there are a set of guidelines, the “Visual, Performing, and Applied Arts Credit Guidelines” that set out how classes for credit should be set up. Since these are not specific to each discipline, there is no uniform assessment of these guidelines.
    25. 25. Litigation
    26. 26. To date, there has been no litigation that is specific to arts education.
    27. 27. Review Time....
    28. 28. True or False: There is a set of binding national standards for arts education.
    29. 29. False! Because the education of its citizens is a state’s protected right, there is no binding set of standards that schools must adhere to from the federal government.
    30. 30. Which of these is not one of the standard disciplines under the umbrella “arts”? A.Music B.Dance C.Physical Education D.Visual Arts E.None of the Above
    31. 31. The Answer is C, Physical Education. While often grouped together as “specials” in some schools, the arts consists of 4 disciplines: Dance, Theater, Music, and Visual Arts.
    32. 32. As principal of an elementary school in michigan, are you required to have arts education in your school?
    33. 33. No you are not. The only arts education requirement in Michigan is that HS graduates must have one year of education in the visual, performing, or applied arts.
    34. 34. True or False: “The Arts” is a core subject according to national education policy.
    35. 35. True! No Child Left Behind lists the arts among it’s core subject matter.