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Isw08 Nayar


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  • 1. Coordinating and Managing the Growth of International Social Work Usha S. Nayar [email_address] [email_address] June 6 th -8 th 2008
  • 2. Organization of Discussion Field Work Education Social Work Teaching Research Policies Advocacy
  • 3. TEACHING Example: Collaboration – TISS, LSE, WUSTL
  • 4. Facilitating Conditions
    • Presence of International Students – Diversity
    • Courses that provide Issue Based understanding of Local and Global Perspectives
    • Support from Institutional Leadership
    • Support from Peers
    • Support between collaborating institutions
    • Sharing of Organizational Values in Educational Institutions
  • 5. Obstacles and Barriers involved in Teaching
    • Inequality in Human and Infrastructure resources of Collaborating Educational Institutions
    • Imposition of Curriculum without consideration of Local Constituencies of Students as well as Faculty Competencies
    • Inappropriate Planning time for Action and Implementation of Teaching Programs
  • 6. Mistakes to Avoid
    • Competent Core Faculty is a MUST for a Teaching Program
    • Students should not be used to experiment Curriculum otherwise not entirely ready. [Access to Teaching, Learning materials, Literature, etc]
    • Evaluation of the Program should be on going
    • Special attention should be given to the culturally diverse community for better understanding for both local and international sensitivity
  • 7. Resources
    • Share Information internally and externally in Teaching Programs
    • UN Organizations and International Bodies promote certain areas of interest – Teaching programs are almost first in hierarchy to be receivers of such grants.
    • Sharing of Grey Literature among Collaborating Institutions
    • Partnership between Libraries and Library Staff to train students and faculty to garner resources and provide funding opportunities
  • 8. RESEARCH Example: Child Participation, Street Children Project
  • 9. Facilitating Conditions
    • Identifying common socially relevant research themes and they are enumerable where social work is concerned
    • Openness of faculty and institutions to learn from each other in collaboration
    • Identifying the Institutions with common priority research areas to collaborate. This is done both at Institutional level and at Faculty level
    • Some Institutions allocate having funds for research and encourage faculty to undertake researches
  • 10. Barriers
    • Heavy teaching work-load may discourage the faculty to undertake research
    • Over Emphasis on Grant money or sponsored ‘Research’ may shift the priority areas of research. This in turn may not allow the faculty and institutions to specialize and grow in depth in research
  • 11. Mistakes to Avoid
    • Discussion on commonly used key terms is essential so that one can avoid mis-translation. Words used may be the same but meanings may differ in contexts
    • Research designs, tools of measurement, plans of analyses, etc all these steps should be centralized. They need to be developed together with partner research collaborators and variations, adaptations and derivations due to local conditions that can be reasoned and articulated
  • 12. Resources
    • The agencies that fund research have their priorities distributed in themes – geographic, economic, cultural, health and disease, etc. It is a challenge to have resources available for International Research that will not have local benefit. Social Work concerns have an International appeal for research and the scope for development.
    • SW research can have better chances at resource generation if it links with multi disciplinary teams.
  • 13. Management of Risks
    • Over site of local realities to create global common standards
    • The use of inappropriate methodologies thus drawing conclusions on the basis of artifacts
    • Non completion of research studies
    • Domination of ‘North’ models, theories and paradigms to adapt, imitate in countries in the ‘South’
    • Example: Brown School, Tulane, Adelphi, The New School
  • 15. Facilitating Conditions
    • Establishment of Demonstration Field Work Projects by the Institution
    • Positive and Active Linkages with Local NGOs, International NGOs, UN bodies, Government Agencies
  • 16. Barriers
    • Matching Time Schedules with Collaborative Institutions
    • Continuous Field Place For Varied Time Periods
    • Absence of Functional Use of Local Language
    • Varying Levels of Cultural Sensitivities & Competencies
  • 17. Mistakes to Avoid
    • Rigid Pre-Determined Field Work Schedules
    • Communication Gaps and Information Exchange on Field Work Expectations
    • Lack of Clarity in Evaluation and Allocation of Credits
  • 18. Resources
    • Shared Resource Commitment from Partner Institutions
    • Students as Resources
    • University Leadership
    • Faculty Commitment
    • Links with Government Officials
  • 19. Management of Risks
    • Students Involvement in Local Politics to be Discouraged
    • Advance and Follow-up Linkage of Course Work to International Field Work
    • Early Planning with Host Institution on Proposed International Field Work
  • 20. POLICIES Example: Head Start in USA, ICDS in India, UK’s emphasis on Parenting Support
  • 21. Facilitating Conditions
    • Recognition of commonalities and differences in Utilization of research for policy formalization, review and change in different countries to value the knowledge of policies for service delivery systems in different political, economic and welfare states provide learning experience.
    • UN Conventions and millennium development goals provide overarching objectives for comparative policy research collaborations.
    • The evidences of different nations on how to communicate with policy planners is a value for international collaborative work.
  • 22. Barriers
    • Over emphasis on differences in contexts due to political, economic, social and cultural variations across nations
    • Prevalent biases amongst policy planners as well as social workers that values amongst western and other cultures are not compatible
    • Political instability in nations
    • Nations involved in war
  • 23. Resources
    • Research to support Policy Development
    • Teaching Programs that initiate critical review for Policy Development
    • State, Government and International Support from grass-root organizations to multi national Institutions
    • Fund raising activities to mobilize policy supporters
  • 24. Manage Risks
    • To manage risks in Policy Development & Change it is imperative to educate and create awareness in people
    • Both Positive and Negative feedback and aspects should be evaluated frequently
    • Utilization and Implementation of the Policy needs to be tested at the consumer level
  • 25. ADVOCACY Example: IBAVI, Issue based advocacy for vulnerable groups – Child Labor
  • 26. Facilitating Conditions
    • Multi-sector support cooperation between government, universities, NGOs, corporations and communities
    • The bottom up approach works in some issues
    • Scaling up the practice cooperation from top is imperative
    • Contact with media for dissemination
    • International Networks
  • 27. Barriers
    • Conflict of interests amongst stake holders
    • Political will is not there
    • Communities are scattered widely and spread out
    • Lack of awareness and education in terms of understanding
    • Cultural Differences and different Cultural Priorities
    • Conflicting ideas and beliefs
  • 28. Resources
    • People themselves are resource in advocacy
    • Partnership with International Networks
    • Local Resources
    • Utilization of Expertise at a Global Level
    • Sharing of Institutional Resources
    • Student Exchange and Student Chapters in Various Institutions (e.g. Amnesty International)
    • Leadership
  • 29. Manage Risks
    • Education of Stake Holders
    • Share Common Values towards People Centered Development
    • Necessity of Tolerance and Awareness of Diversity
    • Pluralism
    • Urgency of International Growth and creating an International Platform for Dialogue
    • Negotiating Skills
  • 30. Concluding Remarks