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Isw08 Lombe


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  • 1. Measuring Inclusion: Some Lessons for Cross-nation Research/Evaluation Margaret Lombe, Ph.D. GSSW, Boston College [email_address]
  • 2. Introduction
    • The use of concept of inclusion/exclusion in social science research is fairly recent
    • Major challenge has been operationalization and measurement
    • Measurement of inclusion/exclusion is essential
    • At this point, little is known about the meaning of inclusion across nations and cultures
  • 3. Introduction
    • An important step in the measurement of inclusion may be to specify the meaning of inclusion in different contexts
    • A next important step may be systematic data collection so that a knowledge base can begin to build on a global basis
  • 4. Review of Existing Approaches to Measuring Inclusion
    • Some promising approaches include:
    • - Indicators from the Center for the
    • Analysis of Social Exclusion
    • - Quality of Life Indicators
    • - The Boston Indicators
    • - The Freedom House Index
    • - Social Inclusion Indicators
    • - Well-being measures
  • 5. Review of Existing Approaches to Measuring Inclusion
    • Objectives of these indicators vary:
    • They may include:
    • - Monitoring the performance of
    • communities, nations, or regions
    • in effort to promote inclusion
    • - Assessing individual and household
    • experiences of inclusion/exclusion
    • - Assessing the extent of inclusion/exclusion
    • locally, nationally, and across nations
  • 6. Review of Existing Approaches to Measuring Inclusion
    • Measuring inclusion/exclusion using indicators
    • - Attempt to measure inclusion by means of the
    • five dimensions
    • - Indicators cover three broad categories:
    • economic, political, and social
    • - Items on each dimensions are scored to create an
    • index
    • - Each index is then subjected to a factor analysis
    • or Cronbach’s alpha
  • 7. Review of Existing Approaches to Measuring Inclusion
    • Challenges inherent in use of indicators
    • The measures are numerically constrained
    • They do not adequately capture the process(es) of
    • social exclusion/inclusion
    • - The measures seem to lack cultural sensitivity
    • Measures may not be suitable for adoption
    • Strengths of Indicators
    • They have potential for broad applicability
    • They reflect the main areas of participation
    • They contain small number of items
  • 8. Measuring Inclusion: Some Lessons
    • Lessons learned from use of indicators:
    • The need for measures that have contextual relevance and a certain degree of universalism
    • Large numbers of indicators may obscure development of meaningful measures
    • Measures of inclusion tend to converge around key areas
  • 9. Measuring Inclusion: The Way Forward
      • Way forward for social inquiry:
      • 1) Accessible
      • 2) Measurable
      • 3) Robust
      • 4) Reliable
      • 5) Comparable across nations
      • 6) Sensitive to cultural diversity
      • 7) Amenable to adaptation
      • 8) Grounded in theory
      • 9) Relevant
      • 10) Timely