Isw08 Lombe
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Isw08 Lombe






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    Isw08 Lombe Isw08 Lombe Presentation Transcript

    • Measuring Inclusion: Some Lessons for Cross-nation Research/Evaluation Margaret Lombe, Ph.D. GSSW, Boston College [email_address]
    • Introduction
      • The use of concept of inclusion/exclusion in social science research is fairly recent
      • Major challenge has been operationalization and measurement
      • Measurement of inclusion/exclusion is essential
      • At this point, little is known about the meaning of inclusion across nations and cultures
    • Introduction
      • An important step in the measurement of inclusion may be to specify the meaning of inclusion in different contexts
      • A next important step may be systematic data collection so that a knowledge base can begin to build on a global basis
    • Review of Existing Approaches to Measuring Inclusion
      • Some promising approaches include:
      • - Indicators from the Center for the
      • Analysis of Social Exclusion
      • - Quality of Life Indicators
      • - The Boston Indicators
      • - The Freedom House Index
      • - Social Inclusion Indicators
      • - Well-being measures
    • Review of Existing Approaches to Measuring Inclusion
      • Objectives of these indicators vary:
      • They may include:
      • - Monitoring the performance of
      • communities, nations, or regions
      • in effort to promote inclusion
      • - Assessing individual and household
      • experiences of inclusion/exclusion
      • - Assessing the extent of inclusion/exclusion
      • locally, nationally, and across nations
    • Review of Existing Approaches to Measuring Inclusion
      • Measuring inclusion/exclusion using indicators
      • - Attempt to measure inclusion by means of the
      • five dimensions
      • - Indicators cover three broad categories:
      • economic, political, and social
      • - Items on each dimensions are scored to create an
      • index
      • - Each index is then subjected to a factor analysis
      • or Cronbach’s alpha
    • Review of Existing Approaches to Measuring Inclusion
      • Challenges inherent in use of indicators
      • The measures are numerically constrained
      • They do not adequately capture the process(es) of
      • social exclusion/inclusion
      • - The measures seem to lack cultural sensitivity
      • Measures may not be suitable for adoption
      • Strengths of Indicators
      • They have potential for broad applicability
      • They reflect the main areas of participation
      • They contain small number of items
    • Measuring Inclusion: Some Lessons
      • Lessons learned from use of indicators:
      • The need for measures that have contextual relevance and a certain degree of universalism
      • Large numbers of indicators may obscure development of meaningful measures
      • Measures of inclusion tend to converge around key areas
    • Measuring Inclusion: The Way Forward
        • Way forward for social inquiry:
        • 1) Accessible
        • 2) Measurable
        • 3) Robust
        • 4) Reliable
        • 5) Comparable across nations
        • 6) Sensitive to cultural diversity
        • 7) Amenable to adaptation
        • 8) Grounded in theory
        • 9) Relevant
        • 10) Timely