Athens And Sparta

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Year 7 research into Ancient Greece

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Athens And Sparta

  1. 1. Athens<br />
  2. 2. Women of Athens<br />Did not have citizen rights.<br />Wealthy Girls were educated to run the servants and slaves.<br />Married by 13.<br />Poor families, women worked alongside men.<br />Couldn’t take part in the assembly, or vote, or serve on juries.<br />
  3. 3. Government of Athens<br />Type of Government ‘Demokratia’ - where we get democracy.<br />Means ‘rule by the people’ .<br />Punishments were decided in court by placing metal discs into 1 of 2 jars.<br />This was decided by the juries.<br />
  4. 4. Society of Athens<br />The city was the largest in Greece.<br />Athens controlled the land around it -a large region called Attika.<br />Yearly festivals for athletics, drama and religious occasions.<br />The city paid for these using taxes.<br />
  5. 5. The Legacy<br />The influence of the Ancient Greeks are still felt by us today. The major impact in our lives today are in the arts, in philosophy, and in science, math, literature and politics.<br />DemocracyThe word &apos;democracy&apos; is Greek. It means &apos;government by the people. We have a form of democracy in Australia, and this is a legacy of the Athenians and their assemblies and councils. <br />The first alphabet with vowelsThe Ancient Greeks played an important part in the development of the alphabet. The first two letters of the Greek alphabet - alpha and beta - have given us the word &apos;alphabet&apos;.<br />
  6. 6. Sparta<br />
  7. 7. Women of Sparta <br />Women were educated – a state policy.<br />They didn’t have an ‘academic education’. They had as ‘physical education’.<br />To be strong and produce healthy children.<br />These women were free to move about and had a lot more freedom then their husbands.<br />
  8. 8. Government of Sparta<br />It had a Monarchy<br />Five Ephors(‘overseers’)governed Sparta. <br />The Ephorate led the council, military, educational system, infant selection system.<br />Monarchical: Two kings, one from each of the Agiad and Eurypontid families, had priestly duties and the power to make war.<br />Oligarchic: The kings were automatic members of the Gerousia, the council of 28 elders picked for life plus the two kings. Five Ephors, chosen yearly by popular election, had the main power. <br />Democratic: The assembly-made up of all Spartiates (full Spartan citizens) over 18.<br />
  9. 9. Society of Sparta<br />Society was divided into three main classes:<br />Spartiate- The native Spartans who could trace their ancestors back to the original inhabitants.<br />Perioeci- Foreign people who served as a buffer population. They had a great deal of freedom.<br />Helots- Were slaves and very poor.<br />
  10. 10. The Legacy<br />The Spartans viewed themselves as true inheritors of Greek Tradition.<br />Every Spartan was a servant of the state from childhood to 60 onwards in the army or part of the government system.<br />They had a more basic way of life.<br />
  11. 11. Bibliography<br />http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/Greece.html<br />http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ancientgreece/athens/citya.shtml#<br />http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A9565437<br />Google Images<br /> Year 7 History Text Book<br /> By Angela and Giorgia<br />

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