Applied english phonetics intonation
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Applied english phonetics intonation

on

  • 4,097 views

A summary based on the contents seen in class.

A summary based on the contents seen in class.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
4,097
Views on SlideShare
4,097
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
103
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Applied english phonetics intonation Applied english phonetics intonation Presentation Transcript

  • Applied English Phonetics
  • Intonation Intonation Pitch Tone Functions of the tone The tone unit Structure of the tone unit Falling and rising Functions of Intonation
  • Intonation No language is spoken on a monotone Languages have variations of pitch English intonation: pitch patterns of spoken English; the speech tunes or melodies; the musical features of English Intonation is significant Intonation is systematic Intonation is characteristic Because word/sentence stress involves changes in voice pitch, speakers continually modify the fundamental frequency of their voice while speaking in order to stress particular words in an utterance.
  •  The modification of voice pitch is known as intonationA speaker’s intonation pattern cues a listener as to the type of utterance being spoken, i.e., a statement of fact, a question, an exclamation, etc. Intonation is also responsible, in part, for indicating a speaker’s particular mood. Intonation is different from stress, however there are relations between them. Range of intonation varies.
  • Pitch Auditory sensation experienced by the hearer An individual speaker does have control over his/her pitch and may choose to speak with a higher pitch than normalPitch: High or Low
  • Tone Behaviour of the pitch One-syllable words can be said with level tone or moving tone, however, English speakers do not use level tones. It sounds unnatural. Tone Languages imply meaning: Mandarin Chinese, Thai, Vietnamese The tones are falling, rising, fall-rise, rise-fall Representation of tones.
  • Structure of the tone unit Nucleus (Tonic syllable) Tail Head Pre-head
  • Functions of the English tone Fall ˎyes ˎno Rise ̗yes ̗no Rise-fall yes ̭no ̭ Level _yes _no
  • Falling and Rising Falling intonation or tune Statements Questions containing a special interrogative word Commands
  • Rising Intonation Questions requiring the answer “yes” or “no” First part of sentences Statements with an implication
  • Functions of Intonation Attitudinal function Accentual function Grammatical function Discourse function
  • Bibliography• Allen, W Stannard. Living English Speech, 1954• Celce Murcia, et al. Teaching Pronunciation, 1996• Finch and Ortiz. A course in English Phonetics for Spanish Speakers, 1982• Jones, Daniel. An Outline of English Phonetics, 1967• Roach, Peter. English Phonetics and Phonology, 2000• Wells, J C. English Intonation. 2007