Applied english phonetics intonation

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Applied english phonetics intonation

  1. 1. Applied English Phonetics
  2. 2. Intonation Intonation Pitch Tone Functions of the tone The tone unit Structure of the tone unit Falling and rising Functions of Intonation
  3. 3. Intonation No language is spoken on a monotone Languages have variations of pitch English intonation: pitch patterns of spoken English; the speech tunes or melodies; the musical features of English Intonation is significant Intonation is systematic Intonation is characteristic Because word/sentence stress involves changes in voice pitch, speakers continually modify the fundamental frequency of their voice while speaking in order to stress particular words in an utterance.
  4. 4.  The modification of voice pitch is known as intonationA speaker’s intonation pattern cues a listener as to the type of utterance being spoken, i.e., a statement of fact, a question, an exclamation, etc. Intonation is also responsible, in part, for indicating a speaker’s particular mood. Intonation is different from stress, however there are relations between them. Range of intonation varies.
  5. 5. Pitch Auditory sensation experienced by the hearer An individual speaker does have control over his/her pitch and may choose to speak with a higher pitch than normalPitch: High or Low
  6. 6. Tone Behaviour of the pitch One-syllable words can be said with level tone or moving tone, however, English speakers do not use level tones. It sounds unnatural. Tone Languages imply meaning: Mandarin Chinese, Thai, Vietnamese The tones are falling, rising, fall-rise, rise-fall Representation of tones.
  7. 7. Structure of the tone unit Nucleus (Tonic syllable) Tail Head Pre-head
  8. 8. Functions of the English tone Fall ˎyes ˎno Rise ̗yes ̗no Rise-fall yes ̭no ̭ Level _yes _no
  9. 9. Falling and Rising Falling intonation or tune Statements Questions containing a special interrogative word Commands
  10. 10. Rising Intonation Questions requiring the answer “yes” or “no” First part of sentences Statements with an implication
  11. 11. Functions of Intonation Attitudinal function Accentual function Grammatical function Discourse function
  12. 12. Bibliography• Allen, W Stannard. Living English Speech, 1954• Celce Murcia, et al. Teaching Pronunciation, 1996• Finch and Ortiz. A course in English Phonetics for Spanish Speakers, 1982• Jones, Daniel. An Outline of English Phonetics, 1967• Roach, Peter. English Phonetics and Phonology, 2000• Wells, J C. English Intonation. 2007

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