John Baird, General Manager, Freightwatch MexicoPresentation Transcript
MEXICO CARGO CRIME
A large number of hijackings continue to occur in Mexico.
In addition, the northbound flow of contraband represents an additional cargo threat.
It is estimated that 70% of Mexican Cargo crime involves some form of employee collusion.
Most often these employees have access to sensitive shipment information.
Corrupt Police Officers may be part of organized gangs targeting trucks with high value merchandise such as computers, pharmaceuticals and clothing.
STATISTICS BY STATE STATE % STATE % Distrito Federal State of Mexico Jalisco Puebla Morelos Guanajuato Hidalgo Quintana Roo Tlaxcala Veracruz Michoacán Querétaro Sinaloa Guerrero Chiapas Oaxaca Nuevo León 44.55 20.42 5.81 5.53 3.27 2.74 2.02 1.86 1.78 1.69 1.69 1.29 1.13 .93 .69 .69 .52 Tabasco San Luis Potosí Sonora Tamaulipas Baja California Norte Aguascalientes Nayarit Chihuahua Durango Colima Campeche Yucatán Baja California Sur Coahuila .48 .44 .44 .36 .32 .28 .24 .20 .16 .12 .12 .12 .04 .04
Mexico-Queretaro Mexico-Puebla Mexico-Veracruz Mexico-Guadalajara Distrito Federal State of Mexico DANGEROUS NATIONAL ROUTES
DANGEROUS MEXICO CITY AND STATE OF MEXICO ROUTES NAUCALPAN TLALNEPANTLA
Rojo Gómez y Tezontle
Zaragoza y Amador Salazar
Periférico y Ermita Iztapalapa
Tláhuac y 5 de Mayo
Gustavo A. Madero :
Vallejo y Poniente 146
100 Metros y Montevideo
Margarita M. y Montevideo
Río Consulado y Misterios
Cto. Interior y Gran Canal
Bellas Artes y Agricultura
Zaragoza y Economía
Tipografía y Estaño
Peñón de los Baños
STATE OF MEXICO
Gustavo Baz y Abraham Lin.
Periférico y Gustavo Baz
Ceylán y Periférico
Oro y Toltecas
Ingeniero Militares y 16 de Sep.
Minas Palacio e Izcalli Chamapa
San Bartolo e Ingenieros Militares
STATE OF MEXICO
In comparison to Mexico City, Guadalajara generally has a lower level of cargo crime and hijacking, however the product value in general due to the technology centered business will continue to be an attraction to cargo thieves.
Considered the third most important city in Mexico, Guadalajara is Mexico’s “Silicon Valley” as well as the home of many tequila producers making it a very profitable area for cargo thieves.
Due to the proximity of southern coastline, Guadalajara and Jalisco are major origins for northbound contraband on board transport vehicles.
As Guadalajara continues to grow and prosper due to foreign investment, export shipments as well as import and local distribution will grow as a direct result, ensuring that cargo security will be a concern for businesses operating in the state of Jalisco.
The state of Puebla which lies just to the southeast of Mexico City lies along a major Mexican east/west highway has long been a cargo crime problem area.
Puebla currently occupies 4th place in cargo crime statistics.
Puebla has a history of cargo crime dating back to the 1940’s and remains a choice area of operation due to the proximity to Mexico City and the heavy flow of European inbound freight from Veracruz.
Current modus operandi is to hijack the (unescorted) shipment at stopping points or toll booths on Hwy 150 and proceed along the route, not setting off any GPS alarms until arriving at location where tractors can be changed.
NUEVO LAREDO, TAMAULIPAS
85% of the NAFTA trade crosses through the Laredo, Texas and Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas border corridor, with a high percentage of the southbound (finished goods) import trade going to Mexico City for distribution throughout the country.
Within this lane, there are three critical areas: Matehuala, San Luis Potosi, Palmillas, Queretaro and the 50km “Ring” surrounding the Mexico City metroplex.
The criticality determination is a result of freight drivers repeated tendency to use these areas as rest stops. Security awareness amongst drivers is almost non-existent and often facilitates theft incidents.
Current modus operandi includes utilization of “spotter vehicles” as far north as San Luis Potosi for southbound freight headed to Mexico City. Once close enough, shipments is hijacked.
Security Measures 1) GPS Tracking / Control 2) Zone Escorts 3) Combination 4) Standard Escorts 5) Armed /Armored Escorts
Recommendations Evaluate and Measure Risk (theft, contraband) Enlist experienced personnel to assist Investigate best options Adjust to meet Threat Viable Security Plan
Socioeconomic Factors (2009) Decrease in Remittances Lower Immigration north Increase in Unemployment Returning nationals Scarcity in Job Market Alternate Employment