What are fossil fuels? Any combustible organic material derived from the remains of former life.
Different types of fossil fuels Coal Oil Natural gas
Coal It is made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and some sulphur. Coal is used as a fossil fuel by it being burned to produce energy for power plants and factories.
Oil Oil is made up of tiny diatoms. Diatoms are small as a head of a pin. Diatoms store energy. Diatoms died and fell to the sea floor, later the got buried under the rocks and sediment, it turned into oil over a long period of time.
Natural Gas Natural Gas is mostly made up of methane. Methane is flammable. Has no odor and you can’t see it. It is pumped from below ground into pipelines.
Refineries Refineries are factories that convert fossil fuels like oil into products.
Exxon Valdez In 1989, an oil spill occurred when a ship carrying oil hit something really hard on the surface and started to spill oil into the water. Over 11.2 million gallons spilled of the ship
Deep water horizon water spill An explosion at refinery made oil spill on the water under the refinery or an underground well. This oil has been very dangerous and it spreads quickly, it effects our eco system.