DRUG ABUSEAND MISUSE By: Dr. Vahid NikouiEmail: email@example.com
Drug Abuse Substance abuse A maladaptive pattern of use of a substance Compulsive, excessive, and self-damaging use of drugs or substances Excessive use from a harmful drug (Overuse) psychoactive drugs or performance enhancing drugs for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect
Drug Misuse A term used commonly for prescription medications with clinical efficacy but abuse potential and known adverse effects linked to improper use, such as psychiatric medications with sedative, anxiolytic, analgesic, or stimulant properties. Usage of a drug to treat a symptom that it is either not prescribed for or not effective against.
History In 1932, the American Psychiatric Association: …as a general rule, we reserve the term drug abuse to apply to the illegal, nonmedical use of a limited number of substances, most of them drugs. In 1966, the American Medical Associations Committee on Alcoholism and Addiction: Misuse applies to the physicians role in initiating a potentially dangerous course of therapy; and abuse refers to self-administration of these drugs without medical supervision and particularly in large doses that may lead to psychological dependency, tolerance and abnormal behavior. In 1973 the National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse: ...drug abuse may refer to any type of drug or chemical without regard to its pharmacologic actions.
Recreational Drug Use Theuse of a drug, usually psychoactive, with the intention of creating or enhancing recreational experience. Oftenbeing considered to be also drug abuse, and it is often illegal. Also, it may overlap with other uses, such as medicinal (including self medication), performance enhancement, and entheogenic (spiritual).
Responsible Drug UseA harm reduction strategy based on a belief that illegal recreational drug use can be responsible in terms of reduced or eliminated risk of negative impact on the lives of both the user and others.