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    Villages Villages Presentation Transcript

    • Villages
    • Typical Traits
      • A clustered human settlement or community
      • Smaller than a town or city
      • Generally is located in rural areas
      • The community is engaged in agricalture
    • English Villages
      • A compact settlement of houses, smaller in size than a town, generally based on agriculture or sea fishing.
    • The features that distinguish villages from towns
      • Villages should not have a regular agricultural market
      • It doesn’t have a town hall nor a mayor
      • There should be a clear green belt or open field surrounding its parish borders.
    • Some types of villages
      • Deserted medieval villages (DMV) – villages that have disappeared, sometimes leaving behind a church or manor house.
      • Pit villages- villages around a deep coal mine. Can be found in South Yorkshire, North Nottinghamshire.
      • Hamlet- a village or settlement that doesn’t have its own church , belonging to a parish of another village or town
    • American Villages
      • The term village refers to a specific form of incorporated municipal government , similar to a city but with less authority and geographic scope
    • Different kinds of villages
      • In some states a village is an incorporated municipality usually within a single town or civil township.
      • The village may be conterminous( примыкающий) with the town or township.
      • There are villages which span the boundaries of more than one town or township.
    • Difference from cities
      • The villages have the option of being either a “statutory village” or a “charter village”
      • “ Statutory village” – run their governments according to state law ( with a six-member council serving four-year term and a mayor)
      • “ Charter village”- run their government as they see fit writing a charter.
    • Russian Villages
      • The place where the rural population is concentrated.
    • Different types of villages
      • Selo- a village that has a church.
      • Derevnya( hamlet)- a village without a church.
      • Volost – the lowest administrative unit of the Russian Empire which was usually headquartered in a selo and embraced a few neighboring villages.
      • Dacha settlements – villages that are used mostly for seasonal residence.
    • Villages of national minorities
      • Khutor – in Cossac regions a farm that was owned by a family.
      • Stanitsa – an administrative unit that is made up of khutors and a central village. It was larger than a selo in central Russia.
      • Aul – Muslim-populated villages in Caucasus and Idel-Ural, without regard to the number of residents.