ABCD: Youthwork and Workers' RolesPresentation Transcript
ABCD – 社工的角色
ABCD – 社工的角色
FA CILITA TION
"TO MAKE EASY, PROMOTE, HELP FORWARD AN
ACTION OR RESULT, TO REMOVE
DIFFICULTY, PROMOTE EASE OR READINESS WITH
APTITUDE, DEXTERITY OR FLUENCY"
POSSIBLE ROLES OF A FA CILITA TOR
Create an atmosphere of energy, excitement and
Demystify concepts, processes and strategies
Optimise the knowledge and expertise of participating
Broker experiences, models, methodologies, networks
and resources that may be relevant.
Encourage collaborative efforts between relevant groups
NATIONAL COMMUNITY BUILDING NETWORK
(USA) EIGHT KEY PRINCIPLES
Integrate community development and
human services strategy
Forge partnerships through
Build on community strengths
Start from local conditions
Foster broad community participation
Require racial equity
Value cultural strengths
Support families and children
LESSONS FROM HEALTHY, SUSTAINABLE
AND ENTERPRISING COMMUNITIES
Embraces change, shapes its future and
engenders a sense of belief and
Focuses on the sustainable triple
bottom line – economic viability,
environmental integrity, and
community well being
Builds from the inside out
Encourages broad based participation,
social connectedness, inclusiveness
and diversity of thinking
Focuses on assets and capacities, not
weaknesses and deficiencies
LESSONS FROM HEALTHY, SUSTAINABLE
AND ENTERPRISING COMMUNITIES
Acts in a holistic, entrepreneurial and
opportunity obsessive manner
Continually renews and builds a
diversified leadership base
Acts strategically and commits to long
term and continuous community
dialogue, planning, action and
Values collaboration, networking and
Champions passionate and
entrepreneurial attitudes and
CHA MPIONS PA SSIONA TE A ND
ENTREPRENEURIA L A TTITUDES
A ND BEHA VIOURS
（ The Rise and Decline of the America
‘CHANGING THE PARADIGMS
ABOUT HOW WE
INVOLVE YOUNG PEOPLE
IN COMMUNITY BUILDING’
- SOME THOUGHT STARTERS By: Peter Kenyon
Bank of I.D.E.A.S
(Initiatives for the Development of Enterprising
Action and Strategies)
61 – 8 – 6293 1848
61 – 8 – 6293 1137
UNIQUE CONTRIBUTION BY YOUNG
WOMEN AND MEN
Make the dollar stretch
Passionate about issues, eg,
environment / sustainability
Attract the attention of the media
Best know what other young people
think and want
PARADIGM CHANGE REGARDING YOUNG MEN
At risk population
to be dealt with
to be cultivated
Part of today’s
Adult in the
A citizen today
PRINCIPLES TO ENABLE EFFECTIVE
enable fun, challenge and excitement;
allow participation by choice;
avoid pigeonholing of young men and women and
generalising about their behaviour, opinions or ideas;
maximise the opportunity of success through adequate
provision of information, training, support, resources,
time and space;
address opportunities, needs and issues that are valued
and respected by young people, their peers and
start with the talents, capacities, assets and skills of
young people, rather than their problems and
involve young men and women from the start;
create opportunities for young women and men to lead
maximise decision making and accountability by young
develop young peoples awareness of the social, political,
economic, cultural and personal aspects of the issues
make sense of, and demystify adult structures and
build active and supportive working relationships
between young people and other members of the
provide opportunities for training and skill development;
encourage opportunities to reflect and analyse their
(According to the Bank of I.D.E.A.S)
Ten Commandments For Involving Young People In
1. Always start with the gifts, talents, knowledge and skills of
young people – never with their needs and problems.
2. Always lift up the unique individual, never the category to
which the young person belongs. It is “Frank” who sings so
well, or Maria the great soccer; never the “at-risk youth” or
the “pregnant teen”.
3. Share the conviction that: (a) Every community is filled with
useful opportunities for young people to contribute to the
community; and (b) there is no community institution or
association that can’t find a useful role for young people.
4. Try to distinguish between real community building work, and
games or fakes – because young people know the difference.
5. Fight – in every way you can – age segregation. Work to
overcome the isolation of young people.
6. Start to get away from the principal of aggregation of people
by their emptiness. Don’t put everyone who can’t read
together in the same room. It makes no sense.
7. Move as quickly as possible beyond youth “advisory boards” or
councils, especially those boards with only one young person
8. Cultivate many opportunities for young people to teach and to
9. Reward and celebrate every creative effort, every
contribution made by young people. Young people can help
take the lead here.
10.In every way possible, amplify this message to young people:
“We need you! Our community cannot be strong and complete
(According to Jody Kretzmann, Institute for Asset Based Community
5O THINGS ADULTS CAN DO FOR YOUNG MEN AND WOMEN
1. Have a real conversation with a group of young people. Ask young people what
they want to do and how you can assist to make that happen.
2. Support community organizations that involve young people in meaningful roles.
3. Start a resource library of videos, photographic and printed materials on youth
involvement in your community.
4. Financially and personally support organizations that train young people and
adults to work together.
5. Develop a mutual mentorship program between adults and young people.
6. Co-create or support along with young people a community centre or place for
young people and adults to gather and do constructive things together.
7. Listen to young people express their concerns and perspectives about community
issues and opportunities and help them take action.
8. Be an advocate for young men and women by making sure they’re at the table
when you are discussing them.
9. Highlight in the local newspapers the positive contribution of young men and
10. Introduce the 'Youth at the Centre' tools as a way of helping young people
study and audit their opportunities and challenges of the community, and then to
plan and implement projects that will enhance the community.
11. Write a letter to a newspaper editor about youth issues with a young person.
12. Respect young people as you would a peer, and talk to them as you would talk to
13. Work with young people to plan a community focussed project.
14. Hold a breakfast and invite young people to come and discuss their community,
and what they would like to see happen.
15. In planning youth development activities, start with the talents, assets and
skills of young people, rather than their problems and deficiencies.
16. Involve interested young people as consultants, interns, apprentices, and staff.
17. Be consistent and clear about your expectations of young people and adults in
18. Team up with young men and women and youth-led groups to have a town
meeting on a vision for young people in your community.
19. Identify and network with young people in your community who are interested in
youth and community issues.
20. Network and connect with other adult committed to genuine youth participation
21. Provide transportation to young people who would not otherwise be able to
participate in community activities.
22. Team up with young people to support political candidates at local, state, and
national levels who make listening to, and working with young people a priority!
23. Help arrange for a radio station to sponsor a call-in show led by young people
that allows them to talk about their ideas.
24. Help arrange for young people to have a regular audience with the mayor and
local council to highlight their ideas for improving social and social opportunities.
25. Work with young people to establish a Youth Council within the community.
26. Insist that any development committees operating within the community must
reserve several committee places for young people.
27. Only go to meetings where youth are invited or you can bring young people with
28. Create opportunities for young women and men to lead, teach and mentor.
29. Advocate for youth-led experiences in the schools so students can learn
through hands-on experience.
30. Make your home a comfortable, safe, and affirming place where young people
31. Help young people create a newsletter for your community on youth issues and
32. Help young people compile a list of all opportunities for youth involvement in
your community. Post it in your local library and schools. Have estate agents give it
to new families in town.
33. Involve young people as mentors to community and business members in the use
of the Internet and E commerce opportunities.
34. Email editions of community newspapers to all local young people studying away
from the town.
35. Maintain a data base of all ex students from the community and communicate
each year about the community and its opportunities and solicit development ideas.
36. Raise funds for a youth-led organization.
37. Avoid pigeon holing of young women and men and generalising about their
behaviour, opinions or ideas.
38. Join (or form) with young people a community task force to develop ideas and
implement actions to improve community opportunities.
39. Support young people in an audit of local businesses in terms of their youth
40. Cancel a meeting or engagement so you can spend time with a young person in
your family or community.
41. Confide in a young person. Ask their advice on issues that you’re struggling with.
42. Be an advocate for youth/adult partnerships in your workplace.
43. Maximise the opportunity for success by youth led projects by ensuring
adequate provision of information, training, support, resources, time and space.
44. Value young people’s work and pay them for their work. Don’t assume that just
because someone is young they are a volunteer.
45. Write notes of appreciation for young people who contribute to the community
or achieve in the arts, sports and service.
46. Attend events in the area where young people are actively engaged.
47. Monitor regional, state and national youth leadership development experiences,
and promote participation by local young people.
48. Advocate the local community commit resources for local youth leadership
49. Avoid interrupting young people.
50. DO involve young people in all states of planning, managing and evaluating youth
related events and projects.
(Compiled by the Bank of I.D.E.A.S. Adapted from similar lists by the Innovation Center for
Community and Youth Development of the National 4H Council and Search Institute, USA)
‘There are only two
lasting bequests we can
hope to give our young
people – one of these is
roots, the other is wings’
黃洪博士 (2006) ： “資產為本社區發展與青年” 小童群益會
Director, Bank of I.D.E.A.S (Initiatives for the
Development of Enterprising)
CHANGING THE PARADIGMS ABOUT HOW WE
INVOLVE YOUNG PEOPLE IN COMMUNITY
BUILDING’ - SOME THOUGHT STARTERS –
ASSET BASED COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
Concept of Healthy Sustainable and Enterprising
Communities – Presentation note-
IPR Research Asset-Based Community
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