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Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
Section III: Motivational Factors
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Section III: Motivational Factors

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Closing the Gap: Applied Sport Psychology for High School

Closing the Gap: Applied Sport Psychology for High School

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  • 1. Closing the GapSection 3: Mental Factors
    Chapter 12: Motivation
    Chapter 13: Goal Setting
    Chapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    Chapter 15: Intensity
    Chapter 16: Motivation Dip
  • 2. Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation
    “Do you know what my favorite part of the game is? The opportunity to play.”
    Mike Singletary-Hall of Fame NFL Linebacker
  • 3. Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation
    What is Motivation?
    Motivation is the ________you do something.
    WHY
    REASON
    It is what compels you to act and reason you act in a certain way…
  • 4. Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation
    Misconceptions About Motivation
    Motivation is the same as Intensity….
    Intensity is an Action…Motivation is the “Why” he or she plays so hard!
    Positive Thinking Solves Motivation Problems
    More complex, deeper issues have be dealt with.
    We are born with Motivation
    Awareness can lead to learning and increase motivation. It can be changed!
  • 5. Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation
    Two Kinds of Motivations:
    Extrinsic: Caused by External Factors
    * An Athlete views their participation as a means to an end. The driving force is the end; the performance result is paramount.
    Intrinsic: Caused by Internal Factors
    • An athlete views their participation as the reward.
    • 6. love the competition, playing, opportunity to improve oneself, mastering a skill is the driving force, physical feelings like the “runner’s high”
  • Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation
    Research shows that
    Extrinsic Motivation WILL produce results….but…with some flaws. What happens when the “external” no longer is there?
    Intrinsic Motivation leads to highest and most consistent levels of performance because the “fuel comes from within”.
    Highest Performers have SELF motivation. External motivators are temporary and not long lasting. Motivation must come from within. Don’t Blame to Coach (or anyone else) for not motivating you. YOU need to motivate yourself.
  • 7. Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation
    Sam Bradford when asked what he did with his first million dollar paycheck:
    “I always wanted and bought a ping pong table”
    Do you think he played football for the money?
    Daniel Pink: “Drive”….money can actually decrease motivation. Once needs are met, money it causes a lack of motivation because there is the expectation/attachment. The driving force is the product, not the process.
  • 8. Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation
    The climate and it’s definition of “success” is the most important factor when trying to increase motivation.
    A mastery orientation (improve oneself) vs. performance orientation (improve for others/external factors)
    Focusing on the joy & passion of performing your activity, ironically, is the best way to receive external rewards…even, though it is not the driving force.
  • 9. Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation
    Class & Journal Activity:
    Please get in groups of 2 or 3.
    You and your partner are team/group leaders.
    What would like for your teacher, coach, or boss to know about motivation.
    Can you develop strategy (“game plan”) for them to follow that would best motivate your team. Please give rationales to support this a “marketing” strategy.
    • Form it & write it.
    • 10. Share it.
  • Closing the GapChapter 12: Motivation
    Pop Quiz: CLICK HERE FOR VIDEO
  • 11. Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting
    Goals will give a direction.
          “If you don't know where you are going. How can you expect to get there?”
    - Basil Walsh
    Sun and stars used for direction…
    Maps are used for direction…
    Compass is used for direction…
    GPS is used for direction….
     
    Can you imagine being dropped off in a open ocean without the stars, compass, map or a GPS?
  • 12. Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting
      “An unwritten goal is only a wish” -Unknown
    CLICK HERE FOR VIDEO
  • 13. Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting
     Goals are tied to TIME & EMPHASIS
    TIME:
    Long Term Goals: Aim to achieve over a long period of time.
    Short Term Goals: Aim to achieve over a short period of time.
    Start with “Long Term Goals”…then break them down into smaller chunks (Short Term Goals)
    Procrastination may be attributed to not setting short term goals.
    Start with the “today” and let them add up over time. JUST DO IT!
    “The secret of getting ahead is getting started. The secret of getting started is breaking your complex, overwhelming tasks into small manageable tasks, and then starting on the first one.”
    - Mark Twain
     
    “Eat that Elephant one bite at a time”
    -Unknown
  • 14. Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting
     Goals are tied to TIME & EMPHASIS
    EMPHASIS:
    Outcome Goals: The ultimate result of what you want to accomplish. “To be a champion”
    Process Goals: Your path; what YOU will do. They are things you can control. “Working hard and implement practice plan (performance goal)”
    * A goal that can be measured and tied to the process and outcome goal is called a “performance goal”. Performance goals can be measured.
    Outcome Goal: Lose 10 lbs.
    Performance Goal: 2000 daily calories or 6 servings of veggies a day.
    Process Goals: Eat more veggies and fruits.
    Focus on the Process Goal since you can control those elements.
  • 15. Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting
    Use both Time & Emphasis to Achieve your Goal
    Outcome gives you direction…Process moves you toward
  • 16. Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting
    Goals Should be:
    Be measurable.
    Be difficult, yet attainable.
    Be kept track of (recorded).
    Have a deadline.
    Be Visualized.
    SMART Goals
    S = Specific - not vague.
    M = Measureable - can be counted.
    A = Action Oriented – focus on the process of what you will do.
    R = Realistic – difficult, yet attainable.
    T = Timely-a deadline.
  • 17. Closing the GapChapter 13: Goal Setting
    Journal Entry / Class Activity
    Partner Up!
    Fill Out SMART GOAL Worksheet
    Share with our class your plan for your goal!
  • 18. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    Motivation is can be a great mystery since some have it, some lose it, some never had it, and some don’t care.
    Sometimes taking a Medical Approach to finding motivation problems will help us overcome motivation “diseases”:
    • Look at Symptoms
    • 19. Determine “illness” or causes
    • 20. Treat and Cure; find solution
    GROUP UP: You are the Doctor: Determine Cause & Treatment/Cure for each disease.
  • 21. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    LEARNED HELPLESSNESS:
    “learning” to be helpless
    “What is the use? I might as well not even try”
    Phase 1: Dogs learned to jump over wall when light flashed followed by electric shock
    Phase II: Dogs were strapped & could not jump over wall when light & shock were given.
    Phase III: What happened when straps were removed?
    Dogs continued to just take the shock.
  • 22. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    LEARNED HELPLESSNESS for Athlete
    Mostly attributed to feelings of Loss of Control
    Symptoms: Low intensity & effort, attributing loss to “luck” or opponent’s unfair skill, easily gives up, expects to lose.
    Cause:
    Loses often, often plays against higher skilled players, low maturation, success is only attributed to “win” or “lose”
    Cure:
    Redefine “Success”, Measure performance against self, Develop short term goals for small successes, succeed in daily practice.
  • 23. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    FEAR OF FAILURE
    Most common, deals with a preoccupation with the “perceived” consequences of losing.
    A feeling of anxiety due mainly to having a performance based identity. “I’m good if I win; I’m bad if I lose”
    Winning & Losing defines the athlete as a person.
  • 24. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    FEAR OF FAILURE
    Symptoms:
    Excuses before, during, and after a performance
    Preoccupied with what other think
    Preoccupied with an opponent’s reputation or rank
    Indecisiveness with strategy or skill
    Feelings of non control
    Psychosomatic illness (mentally develop an injury)
    Performance anxiety
    Susceptibility to sickness due to stress
  • 25. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    FEAR OF FAILURE
    Causes
    Extrinsically motivated
    Conditional acceptance/love from parent and friends
    Fear of being unworthy
    Inappropriate use of rewards
    Identity is based solely on activity/sport
    Single sport vs. multi sport
    Experiencing failure is a new experience
    Fear of being ordinary
    Perfectionism: failure is a sign of lack of discipline
  • 26. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    FEAR OF FAILURE
    Cures
    Unwrap identity from performance
    Proper communication after a win or loss
    The person is not the performance
    Not a lesser or better person
    Emphasize you still have value.
    Learn from losing
    Remove emotion and look at weaknesses as learning tool
    Learn patience
    Learn persistence
    Learn from mistakes
    Goal Setting
    Emphasize process goals and not outcome/performance goals
  • 27. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    FEAR OF SUCCESS
    The Athlete focus’ on negative aspects of being successful. For example, “people will expect me to win every time.”
    “Pressure to win again, & again, & again.”
  • 28. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    FEAR OF SUCCESS
    Symptoms
    Avoids competitive situations
    Letting up during competition
    Losing focus
    Narrow comfort zone
    Uncomfortable with attention that comes with success
    Happy with status quo (being mediocre)
    Comfortable with being in second place
    Mental barriers-cannot see self as a champion
  • 29. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    FEAR OF SUCCESS
    Causes
    Unrealistic expectations from others
    Unrealistic expectations from self
    Afraid of responsibility of being #1-role model pressure
    Friends or teammates becoming jealous or envious
     
    Cures
    Adhere to personal goals, not expectations from others
    Anticipate and prepare for being number 1
    Expand the comfort zone. Image of self as #1
    Fake it until you make it…Walk/Talk like a Champion
    Play YOUR own game
    Remove your “identity” from success.
    You still are you (win or lose)
  • 30. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    PATHOLOGICAL PERFECTIONISM
    LINK TO VIDEO
  • 31. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    PATHOLOGICAL PERFECTIONISM
    Taking Perfectionism to the extreme. Someone who is obsessed with things always being perfect and in order that it becomes a detriment to them and those around them. Often called, “Type A” personality, or Anal Retentive.
  • 32. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    PATHOLOGICAL PERFECTIONISM
    Symptoms:
    NEVER satisfied
    Over training
    Burn out
    Guilt associated with rest or happiness
     
    Causes
    Identity tied directly to performance
    Others around you never satisfied with your performance
    Irrational achievement orientation: “Nothing is EVER good enough”
     
  • 33. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    PATHOLOGICAL PERFECTIONISM
    Cures
    Positive associations with mental and physical rest
    True value of training takes both work and rest.
    Smell the Roses…appreciate what you have done and enjoy your successes
    Focus on process and not the outcome
    Enjoy getting there…enjoy the path-the daily grind
    Keep visual indicators of progress, like charts, graphs, statements
    Positive, rational self talk
    Practice GRATITUDE
     
  • 34. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    UNDERACHIEVEMENT
     Naturally gifted person who still has a huge “gap” between ability and performance. They fall short because no real effort is given.
    Symptoms
    Lack of work ethic: Lazy
    Lacks pride from accomplishing goals
    Lives in past; fails to look toward the future
    If we’re not moving forward, we actually moving backward
    Unprepared for the next level of competition
    Negative effect on teammates due to lack of commitment
     
     
  • 35. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    UNDERACHIEVEMENT
    Causes
    Everything comes easy; naturally gifted without effort
    Successful without hard work
    Could it be the competition?
    Early physical maturation
     
    Cures
    Verbal commitment from person to change
    Teach that effort = success
    Emphasize process is more important than what is accomplished
    Goal Setting: raise the bar much higher
    Expand Time Orientation to include future
    Emphasize competition is with self
    Others may be too easy and encourage complacency
    Emphasize to step up as a leader and be a contributor
    Become TEAM oriented
     
     
  • 36. Closing the GapChapter 14: Diseases of Motivation
    Journal Activity
    Write a reflection on a motivational disease you may have had or currently have. What were your symptoms? What do you think caused it? What was the solution to improve your motivation?
     
     
  • 37. Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity
    “Some people run a race to see who is the fastest. I run a race to see who has the most guts.”
     
    “To give anything less than your best is to sacrifice the gift.”
     
    “Someone may beat me, but they are going to have to bleed to do it.”
     
    Steve Prefontaine
  • 38. Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity
    “Some people run a race to see who is the fastest. I run a race to see who has the most guts.”
     
    “To give anything less than your best is to sacrifice the gift.”
     
    “Someone may beat me, but they are going to have to bleed to do it.”
     
    Steve Prefontaine
  • 39. Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity
    Simple to understand; Extremely important to successful performance
    Become Focused, determined.
    Take Action.
  • 40. Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity
    How can you increase your intensity?
     
    It is a matter of attitude
    It is a matter of commitment
    Make the decision to do it every day during preparation.
    Draw upon your passion and love for the sport.
    Plan to play hard, aggressive, and be competitive.
  • 41. Closing the GapChapter 15: Intensity
    “Fatigue makes cowards of us all.”
    -Vince Lombardi
    During the game: How to combat fatigue from draining the energy of intensity?
      Concentrate on the technical aspect of the performance
    Focus the mechanics of running and not the pain in the body
    Use Self Talk
    Remind yourself how hard you’ve work and you love this feeling
     During Training or Practice: How to give consistent, daily effort.
    Set Daily Goals
    Understand to practice “game like” and be competitive
    Understand the concept that one will play like they practice
     
  • 42. Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip
    Have you’ve ever felt like you’re done? Don’t seem to have the same passion to drive you? You are probably experiencing a “Motivation Dip.”
    This is natural for a person who is passionate about an activity.
    “If it is worth doing, there is probably a “dip”
    - Seth Godin
  • 43. Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip
    Should you Quit or Stick?
    FACT: Most people quit.
    Fighting through this motivational dip could be the difference in becoming a success since most DO quit.
    A better understanding of what may be happening will better prepare you to make good decisions.
    Three Kinds of Motivational Dips You May Experience.
  • 44. Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip
    Improvement levels or goes down in time.
    One way to look at The Dip is that it is your friend because:
    ** It shortens the field
    **Is a great opportunity to test yourself
    **It is natural and MUST happen and that great things are on the other side.
    **Real accomplishment exists when not everyone can do it.
  • 45. Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip
    Working Hard and there are no results
    What to do?
    • Guard against view that it is a waste of time.
    • 46. Work the process; believe that it is helping you.
    • 47. Reflect if other things are getting in the way. Too much other stuff going on? FOCUS.
  • Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip
    Success Early and Then A Drop Off
    Maybe the “uncontrollable” played a factor in early success and you are starting to level off.
  • 48. Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip
    “Tennis has a Dip. The Difference between a mediocre club player and the regional champion isn’t inborn talent-it’s the ability to push through the moments where it is easier to quit.”
    - Seth Goodwin
    you are starting to level off.
    Is “Failure” just the bottom of the dip?
  • 49. Closing the GapChapter 16: Motivation Dip
    Quitting while in The Dip is usually a short term decision-and a bad one
     
    Three Questions to Ask Before Quitting
     ** Why Am I Panicking?
    ** Who Am I Trying to Influence?
    ** What Sort of Measurable Progress Am I Making?
     
    Try to remember the long term goal & the why…keep your eye on the prize.
     
    Decide in Advance When to Quit. Make it on YOUR terms.
    ** What are the conditions that must exist for you to stop?
    If you are making a snap judgment; it is probably the wrong one.
     

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