THE NEW DEAL            AMERICA           GETS BACK            TO WORK
THE NEW DEAL FIGHTS THE         DEPRESSION• In the 1932 presidential  election• Republicans re-  nominated Hoover• The Dem...
FDR LAUNCHES NEW               DEAL• FDR promised a “new  deal” for the American  people• “The Hundred Days”-  Time in whi...
CONGRESS                               GETS BUSY• FDR’s philosophy was to  get people help and work  through “deficit” spe...
TO DO LIST: #1- HELP BANKS           • On March 5, one day after taking             office, FDR declared a bank           ...
AMERICANS GAIN       CONFIDENCE IN BANKS• Glass-Steagall Act which  established the Federal  Deposit Insurance  Corporatio...
MORE 100 DAYS ACTIVITY            • Federal Securities Act:              Required stock info to be              accurate a...
TVA
ALPHABET AGENCIES• CCC – Civilian  Conservation Corps put  young men to work• Men ages 18 to 25 worked  building roads, pa...
ALPHABET    AGENCIES                                    • NIRA-National                                      Industrial Re...
ALPHABET                             AGENCIES• CWA – Civil Works  Administration built  schools and provided  salaries for...
ALPHABET          AGENCIES                                             • FHA – Federal                                    ...
ALPHABET AGENCIES• FERA – Federal  Emergency Relief  Agency provided  direct relief to the  neediest  Americans           ...
CRITICS EMERGE       • Liberals (left) felt FDR’s         program was NOT doing         enough       • Conservatives (righ...
SUPREME COURT REACTS                            • By the mid-1930s, the                              Supreme Court struck ...
MORE CRITICS           • Father Charles Coughlin broadcast             radio sermons slamming FDR,             basically c...
ANOTHER CRITIC• Huey Long was a  Senator from Louisiana  who was a constant  critic of FDR• Long was going to run  for pre...
SECTION 2: THE SECOND      NEW DEAL          • Although the economy            had improved during            FDR’s first ...
THE SECOND                       HUNDRED DAYS• FDR launches the “Second New Deal once he is  reelected in 1936• FDRs first...
WORKS PROGRESS                       ADMINISTRATION• Workers Progress  Administration (WPA)-  employed over 8.5 million  p...
WPA BUILDS AMERICA                                                     • WPA                                              ...
NATIONAL YOUTH            ADMINISTRATION• The National Youth  Administration (NYA) was  created to provide  education, job...
IMPROVING LABOR   RELATIONS                           • National Labor                             Relations Act (NLRA)-  ...
CONGRESS PROTECTS          WORKERS• Fair Labor  Standards  Act(1938)- which  set maximum  hours at 44 per  week and minimu...
Other 2 New Deal Programs             nd• Rural                  Farm Security  Electrification         Administration  Ad...
SOCIAL SECURITY      ACT          • One of the most important            achievements of the New            Deal era was t...
CRITISCISM OF THE NEW     DEALS TODAY          • Over time, opinions about            the merits of the New Deal          ...
LEGACIES OF THE NEW            DEAL• FDIC – banking insurance  critical to sound economy• Deficit spending has  became a n...
LEGACIES OF THE NEW DEAL• NLRB- Still settles disputes between  unions and businesses• SEC- regulates and monitors the sto...
New deal
New deal
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New deal

  1. 1. THE NEW DEAL AMERICA GETS BACK TO WORK
  2. 2. THE NEW DEAL FIGHTS THE DEPRESSION• In the 1932 presidential election• Republicans re- nominated Hoover• The Democrats nominated Franklin Delano Roosevelt ( FDR)• FDR easily wins election of 1932
  3. 3. FDR LAUNCHES NEW DEAL• FDR promised a “new deal” for the American people• “The Hundred Days”- Time in which Roosevelt enacted the 3 R’s• Relief• Reform• Recovery
  4. 4. CONGRESS GETS BUSY• FDR’s philosophy was to get people help and work through “deficit” spending• During the 100 Days, Congress passed more than 15 major pieces of legislation that expanded the government’s role
  5. 5. TO DO LIST: #1- HELP BANKS • On March 5, one day after taking office, FDR declared a bank holiday • Emergency Relief Act- which authorized the Treasury Department to inspect the nation’s banks
  6. 6. AMERICANS GAIN CONFIDENCE IN BANKS• Glass-Steagall Act which established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation• The FDIC insured account holders up to $5,000 and set strict standards for banks to follow (today = $100,000)
  7. 7. MORE 100 DAYS ACTIVITY • Federal Securities Act: Required stock info to be accurate and truthful • Agricultural Adjustment Act: (AAA) Raised crop prices by lowering production • Tennessee Valley Authority: (TVA) Focused on direct relief to hard hit area– created ambitious dam projects
  8. 8. TVA
  9. 9. ALPHABET AGENCIES• CCC – Civilian Conservation Corps put young men to work• Men ages 18 to 25 worked building roads, parks, planting trees (200 million trees in Dust Bowl areas)• By 1942 three million men worked for the CCC
  10. 10. ALPHABET AGENCIES • NIRA-National Industrial Recovery Act promoted fair business practices • PWA – Public Works Administration , provided money to states to create jobsPWA workers construct a publicbuilding in Hartford, Connecticut
  11. 11. ALPHABET AGENCIES• CWA – Civil Works Administration built schools and provided salaries for teachers in rural America CWA School in Woodville, CA
  12. 12. ALPHABET AGENCIES • FHA – Federal Housing Administration provided home loans, home mortgages andRepaired business in Childersburg, Alabama repairs
  13. 13. ALPHABET AGENCIES• FERA – Federal Emergency Relief Agency provided direct relief to the neediest Americans Citizens wait outside a FERA in Calipatria, CA for relief checks
  14. 14. CRITICS EMERGE • Liberals (left) felt FDR’s program was NOT doing enough • Conservatives (right) felt that government intervention was TOO much and interfered with our free market economy
  15. 15. SUPREME COURT REACTS • By the mid-1930s, the Supreme Court struck down the NIRA and AAA citing to much government power • However during the 30’s FDR would appoint 7 new justices to help him continue his programsThe Supreme Court -- 1935
  16. 16. MORE CRITICS • Father Charles Coughlin broadcast radio sermons slamming FDR, basically calling for the U.S. to become a Socialist countryCoughlin
  17. 17. ANOTHER CRITIC• Huey Long was a Senator from Louisiana who was a constant critic of FDR• Long was going to run for president in 1936• A lone gunman assassinated Long at the height of his popularity Huey Long made effective use in 1935 of radio to promote his views
  18. 18. SECTION 2: THE SECOND NEW DEAL • Although the economy had improved during FDR’s first term (1932- 1936), the gains were not as great as expected • Unemployment remained high and production still lagged
  19. 19. THE SECOND HUNDRED DAYS• FDR launches the “Second New Deal once he is reelected in 1936• FDRs first priority was the farmers – FDR reinvigorated the AAA which provided aid for migrants, sharecroppers, and poor farmers
  20. 20. WORKS PROGRESS ADMINISTRATION• Workers Progress Administration (WPA)- employed over 8.5 million people to build public works projects like roads, airports, zoo, subways
  21. 21. WPA BUILDS AMERICA • WPA workers built 850 airports, 651,000 miles of roads and streets, and 125,000 public buildings • The WPA also hired artists, writers andThe Davis Street School Extension in Atlanta under photographers to construction as part of the Works Progress Administration Program, November 2, 1936 create art
  22. 22. NATIONAL YOUTH ADMINISTRATION• The National Youth Administration (NYA) was created to provide education, jobs and recreation for young people
  23. 23. IMPROVING LABOR RELATIONS • National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)- This legislation protected workers, ensured collective bargaining, and preserved the right to unionizeThe NLRA was also called the Wagner Act
  24. 24. CONGRESS PROTECTS WORKERS• Fair Labor Standards Act(1938)- which set maximum hours at 44 per week and minimum wage at 25 cents per hour
  25. 25. Other 2 New Deal Programs nd• Rural Farm Security Electrification Administration Administration (FSA)- provided (REA)- Helped assistance to fund and bring tenant farmers to electricity to rural help them buy areas that did not land have it
  26. 26. SOCIAL SECURITY ACT • One of the most important achievements of the New Deal era was the creation of the Social Security System • The Social Security Act, passed in 1935, had 3 parts:  Old-Age Pension  Unemployment compensation  Aid to families with dependent children & disabled (welfare)
  27. 27. CRITISCISM OF THE NEW DEALS TODAY • Over time, opinions about the merits of the New Deal and FDR have ranged from harsh criticism to high praise – usually along partisan lines • Conservatives felt FDR made government too large and too powerful • Liberals countered that FDR socialized the economy because Americans needed help
  28. 28. LEGACIES OF THE NEW DEAL• FDIC – banking insurance critical to sound economy• Deficit spending has became a normal feature of government• Social Security is a key legacy of the New Deal in that the Feds have assumed a greater responsibility for the social welfare of citizens since 1935
  29. 29. LEGACIES OF THE NEW DEAL• NLRB- Still settles disputes between unions and businesses• SEC- regulates and monitors the stock market

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