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Report writing


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  • 1.
    • Module LCT1023 Core Skills Session 2
    Module LCT1023 1. Review of last week 2. Technical report writing 3. Style guides 4. What is p lagiarism, and how to avoid it 5. Referencing
  • 2.
    • Introduced the module and its main themes
    • Explored the university web site and located: - module database - study guides - past exam papers
    • Time management
    Module LCT1023 Review of last week
  • 3.
    • Identify your personal goals.
    • Relate what you do to your personal goals
    • Tree analogy: each goal is like the trunk of a tree key areas are the branches; tasks are the twigs; activities are the leaves
    • Prioritise according to urgent/not and important/not
    • Do first: urgent and important
    • Do next: non-urgent and important
    • Video: Randy Pausch
    Module LCT1023 Time Management Summary
  • 4.
    • Look up “Technical report “ in Wikipedia
    • The entry illustrates the report style of writing
    • Introductory paragraph
    • Contents
    • Main body or article
    • Clear headings (it’s not an essay)
    • References
    • Use of numbers for referencing
    Module LCT1023 Technical Report Writing
  • 5.
    • Look up wikipedia entry for “essay”
    • See definition: “a prose composition with a focused subject of discussion" or a "long, systematic discourse
    Module LCT1023 Essay
  • 6.
    • Essay
    • Continuous writing in prose
    • Text only
    • Not intended to lead to decisions
    Module LCT1023 Essay vs Technical Report
    • Technical Report
    • Formal structure to aid understanding
    • Tables, graphs, diagrams, images, all welcome
    • Recommendations for decisions
  • 7.
    • Be written in a style appropriate for its recipients
    • Be clear and concise
    • Follow a logical structure, with clear section headings
    • Be arranged according to a standard format
    • Provide one or more recommendations
    • Have appendices attached as sources of additional information.
    Module LCT1023 A good report should ...
  • 8.
    • The summary at the beginning tells the reader what you are going to say
    • Then you tell them in the main body
    • Then you tell them what you have already told them in the conclusions and recommendations.
    Module LCT1023 A report is deliberately repetitive
  • 9.
    • Report Writing - a guide to organisation and style
    • 30pence from Library and Learning resources or download PDF or audio file FREE from:
    • Library/HelpGuides/StudySkills/Home.aspx
    Module LCT1023 Help Guide: Technical Report Writing by David Rudd, University of Bolton
  • 10.
    • Title
    • Summary or Abstract
    • List of contents
    • Introduction
    • Main body of report (inc. Findings)
    • Conclusions
    • Recommendations
    • References
    • Appendices
    Module LCT1023 Technical Report Writing
  • 11.
    • Every publisher has a house style, as defined in their
    • Style Guide
    • Example
    • Go to Click on staff, then University Style Guide.
    • This is based on the style guide for the Guardian Newspaper.
    Style Guide for text
  • 12.
    • Look up items of interest, for example:
    • Kissogram
    • Stiletto swinging 60s
    • enrol, enrolling, enrolment knowledgable
    • it's, its
    • italics
    • quotation marks
    • billion
    • Nigerian names
    • Netherlands
    Style Guide for text. UoB example program programme titles universities affect / effect
  • 13.
    • Yahoo
    • Google University of Oxford
    • Apple Nokia
    • Reuters The Economist
    • The Guardian / Observer The Independent
    • British Computer Society (BCS)
    • Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET)
    • Institution of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)
    • Wikipedia:
    • The Financial Times / The Times
    • BBC News (see
    • American Psychological Association. Publication Manual
    Style Guide for text. More examples
  • 14.
    • Example
    • University of Bolton. Refer to PDF document
    Style Guide for Corporate Identity
    • Contents
    • Elements of the brand
    • On screen (powerpoint and website)
    • Literature
    • Signage
    • Promotional / other
    • Advertising
  • 15.
    • Firefox
    • BMW
    • NHS
    • Toyota
    • Orange
    • Vodafone
    • Rolex
    • Pepsi
    • Coke
    Brand Guidelines. Corporate Apple Skype Sony Ericsson Asda
  • 16.
    • Find the Wikipedia entry
    • Read the first paragraph
    • Jump down to 3.2 Sanctions for student plagiarism
    Module LCT1023 What is Plagiarism?
  • 17.
    • David A. Kolb (born 1939) is an American educational theorist whose interests and publications focus on experiential learning , the individual and social change, career development, and executive and professional education
    • In the early 1970s, Kolb developed the Experiential Learning Model (ELM), [1] composed of four elements: The LSI is designed to determine an individual's learning preference. [2] The Kolb Learning Style Inventory (version 3.1) is available exclusively through Hay Group
    Module LCT1023 Example from a poor assignment
  • 18.
    • Unfair Means Regulations and Procedures 2008/09 See section 2.2 (ix)
    Module LCT1023 Plagiarism and how to avoid it
  • 19.
    • Look up “Harvard Referencing” in Wikipedia
    • (it jumps to “parenthetical referencing”)
    • When was it introduced?
    • Is it mainly UK?
    • What is the link with Harvard University?
    • Is there a British Standard or International Standard?
    • If finished, look up “citation” in Wikipedia
    Module LCT1023 Referencing
  • 20.
    • Important
    • Develop the habit of clearly identifying everything you copy, and the source.
    Module LCT1023 Help Guide: Cite me, I’m Yours - Harvard version by David Rudd, University of Bolton
  • 21.
    • Technical report writing
    • Style guides for text printed media and online
    • Brand guidelines for corporate identity
    • Plagiarism
    • Referencing – Harvard method